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By Pema Herr
Transcript of By Pema Herr
In conclusion, I could say that there
is a very big refugee issue in Africa,
including many other continents, which
is not really getting better. Africa is
majorly affected by this issue and
doesn't have enough stability, help,
and sources to clear the problem.
They can't help that people from the middle east
are fleeing over to Africa from violence and
they can't keep their own citizens where they
deserve to be. Many things affect more
refugee population and there is too much
to handle: diseases, war, and famine. I
think our government should be more
helpful to aiding Africa, so that African
governments can be more involved and
make helping refugees not be needed.
Modern Day African Refugees
By Pema Herr
There are many types of refugees in Africa. Most types are IDPs, also known as internally displaced people and refugees.
IDPs are very vulnerable because they remain inside their country for sanctuary. Also, IDPs are supposed to be protected by their government, which could very well be the reason why they have to flee.
Asylum seekers- are people who have left their country as a political refugee who are seeking for protection
Stateless people- are people who are not considered to have a legal
bond between themselves and their countries. Stateless people have no
nationality with their state due to discrimination against certain
One primary source I used was from someone who blogged their experiences in an African refugee camp called Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya. The blogger shared her experiences and the living conditions of Kakuma Refugee Camp. She wrote about how there were many tents surrounded by the middle of the desert with harsh winds and high and low temperatures.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, also known as UNHCR is a global organization that devotes their help to refugees and making their lives as normal and safe as possible.
"At its heart, UNHCR’s work revolves around three very human goals that all of us can relate to -- saving lives, restoring hope to those who have lost everything, and helping people to find their way ‘home’
again -- even if it means building a new life in a new land.
Everyone deserves a place to call home."
Main Refugee Camps Across Africa
Dadaab, Kenya- Sudan's second civil war has taken nearly half a million peoples lives away and has resulted in an estimated amount of 630,000 to flee over the border to Dadaab, Kenya for refuge.
Dollo Ado, Ethiopia- Due to the ongoing unrest and the famine in Somalia and dictatorship, Ethiopia's population of refugees has doubled in the past two years, resulting in a population of 370,000 refugees
Kakuma, Kenya- Kakuma is located right by the Sudanese border, which has made it easier to flee from Sudan. As well as Burundi, Ethiopia, Somalia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Mbera, Mauritania- is a main refuge for people fleeing from the violence in northern Mali.
Nakivale, Uganda- Many Africans seek for refuge in Nakivale due to the Congo wars that have brought death to about 900,000 to 5,400,000 people, half of them being children
under 5. On top of that, famine and diseases have been issues around
Africa, which has caused many refugee seekers.
Nyarugusu, Tanzania- The Nyarugusu camp was established in 1996 to be
refuge for The First Congo War.
Political problems impact African refugees. Many governments in Africa believe many people are considered stateless people because they don't have a legal "bond" between themselves and the countries they live in, which is a huge contender to having more refugees. Also there is so much violence in some places in Africa, which has caused so much pain and death, that people need to leave in order to survive because the governments can't resolve to agreements.
Scroll down to the bottom of the page to this link to find a chart that explains financial information for many countries in Africa, including budgets, which is for everything in 2015, UNHCR has a budget of 2.2 billion dollars.
Fun Facts and Statistics
The amount of refugees in Africa in 2015 are expected to decrease from 15.1 million in 2014 to 14.9 million, because of resettlement, repatriation and other durable solutions.
UNHCR country operations have included the regular issuance of birth certificates for children born to refugees as a priority for 2015 to stop the growth of stateless people.
UNHCR will improve camp security, create safer school environments, provide lighting in public areas, and will organize community watch groups, which will help reduce the risks of sexual and gender based violence.
UNHCR's website stated many
helpful things including: maintaining
protection space, SGBV, basic needs,
solutions and stateless people. They
also provided statistics that helped me see clearer and understand, the improvement in somethings and other things decreasing or increasing. They also provided a very helpful picture that visually helped me understand how much of Africa was for refugees.