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International Gang Culture

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Emma Reynolds

on 4 June 2013

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Transcript of International Gang Culture

Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs Hell's Angels

"When we do right, nobody remembers. When we do wrong, nobody forgets" Bloods Bloods & Crips International Gang Culture By Megan Maher, Annie Tasto, Emma Reynolds, Rameen Dhindsa, Tanvi Gurazada, Shya Chand Gang Psychology Los Vagos

"We give what we get" "One Percenters" — a half-century-old boast playing off the saying that 1% of troublemakers give a bad name to 99% of respectable bikers Asian Gangs: The Yakuza Latino Gangs Structured like a family
Most range from 10 - 30 years old, with more respect for the older members
Almost always racially exclusive
Focused on urban areas
Social gang - always hangs out a specific location
Delinquent gang - intend to achieve monetary gain for each member; usually involved in criminal activities
Violent gang - mean to obtain power and associate emotional gratification with violent activities 1% Motorcycle Gangs Structured like a government
Usually white males who are above 30 years
Motorcycle clubs are social, but the one percenters are usaully deliquent Social Injustice Themes Gang Commonalities Exclusive
Violent
Violence is used to crate and atmosphere of fear
Incentive
Power (political or economical)
Money
Identity
Group Identity Gang Identity Identity: the distinguishing character or personality of an individual; individuality
Gangs steal your identity
members are told
how to dress
how to walk
how to talk
how to act
"guilty by association" Originated in 1970s in response to violence from the Crips
Wear red
Once a person has joined, they cannot leave or switch gangs
Seize every opportunity to portray the image of being "bigger and badder"
Some ways of initiation include Russian Roulette, committing a crime, or "walking the line"
Allied with any gang who considers the Crips an enemy Crips 15 yr old Raymond Washington started the "Baby Avenues" which then changed to "Avenue Cribs" to then just "Cribs" which then changed again to the Crips
Most Crips wear blue
"Sub-clicks" vary in colors like purple, green, gray, yellow, and brown depending on which sub-click they are in
"Cuzz" "Blood Killa"
T.G., B.G., O.G., O.O.G., O.O.O.G.
Carry out murders, robberies, and drug deals
Bitter rivals towards the Bloods and many different Hispanic street gangs complex organizational structure
extremely ritualistic
code of principles called "jingi"
largest organized crime group in the world
3 main "families"
semi-legitimate business
In the USA, Yakuza activity limited to Hawaii Mungiki Located outside Nairobi, Kenya in a slum called Nathare with approx. 100,000 members.
Drawing from President Mwai Kibaki's Kikuyu tribe, the Mungiki have dominated both politics and business in Kenya.
The group began in the 1980's as a group to help protect Kikuyu farmers in disputes over the land.
Brought poor Kikuyus a sense of purpose- cultural and political identity and income
1990's- migrated to Nairobi where the cell/platoon structure began
Mungiki moved into other areas of commerce (garbage collection, construction)- led to involvement with politicians eager for more support Mungiki Violence Rugby Boys The Common non-traditional street gang in the Philippines
Comprised of impoverished children and teenagers
Live on streets
Ages 8 to 20
Caused by hunger and poverty
Also called Solvent Boys Mexican Mafia
U.S. criminal prison organization
La eMe
Founder: Luis Flores
Deuel Vocational Institute, Tracy, CA
San Quentin
Joe Morgan & Rudy Cadena
"blood in, blood out"
Controlled the streets
Surenos
Extortion
Narcotics trafficking
Murder
Taxes to "slang" La Nuestra Familia
Mexican-American inmates against La eMe
California Training Facility, Soledad, CA
Inmates from rural communities in North. CA
"blood oath"
Late 20's +
Protection
Money motivated
"Farmeros"
"Shoe War" led to La eMe vs. NF --> "kill on sight"
Nortenos
Teens
Sense of belonging
Pride for a neighborhood
Peer pressure
Extortion
Narcotics trafficking
Murder
Pay tribute to NF Rugby cheap and easy access
Very addictive
Sweet smelling chemical is Toluene
Damages Central Nervous System
Damages vital organs, kidneys, liver, brain About Rugby Crimes resort to crimes fund addiction
robbery
drug trafficking
aggressive/violent behavior The group has gathered political and economic force through large scale violence. In the most recent election violence was used to intimidate mounting severed heads on poles to scare voters.
The Mungiki are also known for mutilating both male a female genitals through "circumcision" - inflicting brutal punishment on members of rival tribes that do not circumcise. Identity
The most common incentive for joining gangs is for the sense of identity gang membership can provide.
Ignorance/ Us vs. Them
Full transcript