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The Faults in our Stars
Transcript of The Faults in our Stars
This quote also brings up the theme of Hope. A clear message is given: Never give up until there is no hope yet. Even if there is only a minute, a minute could still make a huge impact. Character: Hazel “I paused a second, trying to figure out if my response should be calibrated to please Augustus or his parents” (27)
“I struggled with how to pitch myself to Augustus Waters, which enthusiasms to embrace” (32) Conflict Man Vs. Fate Man vs. Society “I could feel everyone watching us, wondering what was wrong with us. That was the worst part about having cancer, sometimes: The physical evidence of disease separates you from other people.” (144) Man vs. Self “I mustn’t let it kill me before it kills me” (121) “I bought them a minute. Maybe that’s the minute that buys them an hour, which is the minute that buys them a year. No one’s gonna buy them forever, Hazel Grace, but my life bought them a minute. And that’s not nothing.” (59) These quotes were said by Hazel when she first met Augustus's family. This reveals Hazel to be a people pleaser by not voicing out her own opinion. When she is talking to either Augustus or his parents, she is often choosing her words carefully to satisfy their ears. Her own stance on a topic is only revealed to the readers. This also shows a flaw in her character: constant insecurity. She completely lacks confidence in the way people will view her true self. In order for others to like and accept her, she automatically programmed herself to act according to what makes others happy. But low self esteem might have developed over time due to her cancer.
Why does cancer result in her having low self esteem? This leads to the theme of man vs. society, which will be discussed in the Theme section. “…sitting in a corner where she thought I couldn’t see her…and reading some papers. Medical stuff, probably. The paperwork was endless.” (42) Character: Hazel's mother This quote was said by Hazel when her mother drove her to the mall to hang out with Kaitlyn. Through this we can see that Hazel’s mom cares a lot about her daughter and gives her as much support as she can as she fights the cancer. It is evident that she has piles of work on her plate, but she still took the time to drive her and stayed with her all because she wants her to have a good social life despite of the cancer. She is also very protective of Hazel. Her concern and care for Hazel forwards the plot because if it weren't for her pushing Hazel to be more involved outside of their house, driving Hazel to the mall and to the support group...she would never have met Augustus, experience love for the first time, and not be bound by a life driven by cancer “I’m a grenade.” I said again. “I just want to stay away from people and read books and think and be with you guys because there’s nothing I can do about hurting you; you’re too invested”(99) In this conversation between Hazel and her parent, it reveals a conflict of man vs. fate. Hazel has an incurable cancer slowly manifesting itself within her, and she knows it. As she noticed many more symptoms indicating the growing severity of her illness, she couldn’t help but force herself to isolate herself from those she loves, hoping to minimize any bond with her and sadness in the end. This was especially hard for her when it involved Augustus. Unlike Augustus though, her parents had been there with her the moment she was born, she knew she could not prevent hurting them after she dies. But this is her fate, where there is love, there will also be pain. Man vs. Fate This further reveals the character of Hazel. Through this, she demonstrates compassion for those she loves and selflessness. It is ironic how she is the one dying, and yet, she was afraid of leaving this world not because of reasons concerning her well being, but because of the suffering it would cause for others. As Hazel sat in her backyard thinking to herself, it reveals a conflict of man vs. self. Hazel, with no doubt, appears to be a very strong teenager fighting cancer to everyone around her. But in this scene where she is alone, crying by herself, and conflicted, it reveals to the reader the weakness she carries. She has an internal conflict of negative vs. positive. She has to constantly remind herself of how lucky she is to make it this far and enjoy life to the fullest in order to avoid negative emotion engulfing her entirely; because once she gives up trying, she loses in this life. The quote was said by Hazel as they were getting ready to board a flight. This reveals a conflict of man vs. society, or to be more specific, the sick vs. the healthy people. In the perspective of a diseased patient, it is often a struggle to fit in and be part of the “normal” group. But obviously, this is not an easy task, especially in Hazel’s case, as she carries a gigantic oxygen tank with her 24/7 in order to survive! Moreover, it is naturally human nature to instinctively notice anything/anyone that is different from ourselves. All around the world, discrimination occurs because of one's sexuality, learning disabilities, etc. These are all examples of differentiation that separates us. Therefore, the society in this case would be the "healthy" people and Hazel would be "sick". This demonstrates the theme of perseverance. In our society, people becomes easily discouraged due to relationship problems, work overload, etc. Compared to a girl constantly fighting for oxygen in her lungs to survive, those problems pales in comparison. Hazel never once through out the book wanted to give up life due to this barrier in her. She knew there was no cure, but she still fought hoping to prolong her life even for just a little longer. This links back to the insecurities demonstrated earlier in the plot. Why does cancer result in her having lower self esteem? When others stares at you, wondering what was wrong with you, Hazel couldn't help but built her own defensive wall around herself. This is our natural self defense mechanism to avoid getting hurt emotionally. Theme “People always get used to beauty, though” (164) Theme: Beauty To society’s, the definition of beauty is based on perfection and media. But in Augustus’s and Hazel’s perspective of beauty is totally different. He told her she was beautiful despite of the massive tubes and every other medical technologies connected to her. He wasn’t looking at through her outside appearance, but he accepted her for who she is. He was in love with the girl inside all the tubes and technologies. This reveals the theme of beauty. What is true beauty? Is beauty determined just by a person’s outlook? This is important to the element of plot. Because Augustus saw Hazel's inner beauty through her humor, intelligence, kindness, etc, he was able to pull Hazel out of her shell and truly loved her for who she is. This view of beauty was the basic foundation of the plot, if Augustus only wanted pretty and popular girls, he would've moved on quickly without a backward glance. “What happens to Anna’s mother?!” (193) Theme: Love and Fear This quote was spoken by Hazel. Anna was the main character in a novel and another cancer patient who died. This reveals the theme of love and fear, because Hazel was afraid of what would happen to her parents once she loses her fight with cancer. As we analyze the the characters, especially the relationship between Hazel and her mom, they have an interesting relationship. Her mother is not one of which you see in media where there is the typical mother with flat characterization, but more like a best friend with different sides to her. She treats and loves her like a best friend, and when she leaves this world, she fears for her parent. Because of the love built in her family, her fear of what would happen to them once she leaves is demonstrated through this quote. This relates back to Hazel, to the element of conflict: man vs. self. In this quote, she was eager to find out what happened to Anna's mother once she passed away. She couldn't help but fear for her parent ending up in grieve. This fear pushes herself to keep fighting everyday in order to survive. Plot “Augustus Waters died eight days after his prefuneral, at Memorial, in the ICU, when the cancer, which was made of him, finally stopped his heart, which was also made of him.” (261) This is the point in the plot where we call it the falling action. Throughout the chapters, we’ve witnessed the young couple, getting the best out of the days left they have together. It is a plot revolving around both of them, how they started off as strangers, then friends, and eventually lovers. It is a story of encouragement, perseverance, and love. Readers read about their journeys together, but also waiting upon the final death that the author has been leading to. It is especially intriguing and also heart wrenching to read when we learn about Augustus sickness, but once the plot has built up to the final point, we see the ending result. “And now you want him to go ahead and die so I’ll be back here chained to this place, letting you take care of me like I always used to. But I don’t need it, Mom. I don’t need you like I used to. You’re the one who needs to get a life.” (255) This is Hazel speaking to her parent right after Augustus asked her to come to his prefuneral. We can see the contrast from the beginning of the plot to now. Before the appearance of Augustus in her life, Hazel hardly left her house, especially forcing her to go to the support group was hard for her mother. But, aside from her parents, there is meaning to her life, there is someone out there to care for and love. Her parent wanted her to have a normal teenage life despite of her cancer, and now that she has one, we can see her parent’s point of view differs from before. This quote also connects to the conflict element: Man vs Man. The plot has gotten to a point where Hazel's level of love for Augustus caused a disagreement with her family. Her mother's over protectiveness kicks in as she plead to her daughter to rest and spend more time with them. We also see a bit if irony here as Hazel's mother was the one who pushed her to be more socialized in the first place. “I lit up like a Christmas tree, Hazel Grace. The lining of my chest, my left hip, my liver everywhere.” (214) In this scene, Augustus has revealed to Hazel Grace of the severity of his cancer. This revelation adds unexpected twist to the plot line. Up until this point, the author had solely led the readers into believing that Hazel would gradually lose her fight with cancer at the end, but it was all worth the fight due to the life Augustus brought her. Moreover, Augustus had been portrayed as a healthy, humorous, character that is in love. But through this quote, we see how the plot will dramatically change from this point onward. Augustus’s cancer has spread to other parts of his body, there is no cure for him. Being weak and fragile, he becomes the dependent one in the story. We can definitely see a change in characterization. The character role had switched in their relationship, Hazel is now the supportive one, giving encouragement to Gus for him to live on. “I bought them a minute. Maybe that’s the minute that buys them an hour, which is the minute that buys them a year. No one’s gonna buy them forever, Hazel Grace, but my life bought them a minute. And that’s not nothing.” (59) “…sitting in a corner where she thought I couldn’t see her…and reading some papers. Medical stuff, probably. The paperwork was endless.” (42) Hazel's mother Hazel “I paused a second, trying to figure out if my response should be calibrated to please Augustus or his parents” (27)“I struggled with how to pitch myself to Augustus Waters, which enthusiasms to embrace” (32) “I’m a grenade.” I said again. “I just want to stay away from people and read books and think and be with you guys because there’s nothing I can do about hurting you; you’re too invested”(99) “I mustn’t let it kill me before it kills me” (121) Man vs. Self Man vs. Society “I could feel everyone watching us, wondering what was wrong with us. That was the worst part about having cancer, sometimes: The physical evidence of disease separates you from other people.” (144) Theme: Beauty “People always get used to beauty, though” (164) Theme: Love and Fear “What happens to Anna’s mother?!” (193) “Augustus Waters died eight days after his prefuneral, at Memorial, in the ICU, when the cancer, which was made of him, finally stopped his heart, which was also made of him.” (261) “And now you want him to go ahead and die so I’ll be back here chained to this place, letting you take care of me like I always used to. But I don’t need it, Mom. I don’t need you like I used to. You’re the one who needs to get a life.” (255) “I lit up like a Christmas tree, Hazel Grace. The lining of my chest, my left hip, my liver everywhere.” (214) “It's a metaphor, see: You put the killing thing right between your teeth, but you don't give it the power to do its killing.” (20) Theme: Freewill This analogy was spoken by Augustus when Hazel threw a fit at him for having a cigarette in his mouth. In a way, he is given the power of controlling whether you destroy your body or not. You have the freewill, the choice, to choose your fate down the road. If you choose to light the cigarette, the path automatically narrows as it has the permission to harm the owner's body. If you choose to not give it the power to destroy the body, the path of possibility becomes wide, leading to endless amount of endings. From this metaphor, we are given a more in depth insight on Augustus's character. He is a character who loves to be in control of situations (freewill) and hates it when he has no say in matter (fate). We can see this when fate kicks in later on, where he does not have control in life and death, but his cancer did. “It's a metaphor, see: You put the killing thing right between your teeth, but you don't give it the power to do its killing.” Theme: Freewill