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Matt Parr

on 30 April 2017

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Transcript of P.O.L.

Learning a new skill
What are skills?
Cognitive - or intellectual skills that require a group of thought processes
Perceptual - interpretation of presented information
Motor - movement and muscle control without much thought
Perceptual motor - involve the thought, interpretation and movement skills
What skills are you learning with swimming?
How do you learn a new skill?
When learning a new skill you have to look at learning as a phased approach:

Cognitive phase: identification and development of the component parts of the skill
Associative phase: linking the component parts into a smooth action
Autonomous phase: developing the learned skill so that it becomes automatic
So think how to:
break down the skill,
select an appropriate method and
use feedback to shape and polish them into a smooth swimming technique.

Build your own catalogue of exercises and make proper selections based on analysing your performance.
Q. How do we break down a skill?
A) Subroutines
Break this down...
Q) Why bother? Why Can't we just learn a skill?
A) By breaking it down, we understand what it takes to complete the skill effectively! This way we know where we might be going wrong.
What are some methods to learn a new skill?
"Whole - Part - Whole" Instruction
A sort of combination of the two where the learning process becomes a more iterative cycle: try the whole skill, break down in elements and train these. Finally, bring it all back together again. You as the coach, has to now where to break down the skill.
In the ideal situation a skill should be taught as a whole. The player can appreciate the complete movement and execution of the skill. This "whole" method can sometimes mean the player having to handle complex movements
Whole practice
When a skill is complex (a sequence of steps like a tackle in rugby), then it is more appropriate to breakdown the complex movement into its elements. The elements can then be taught separately and then linked together to develop the final skill. Focus on the mechanics of movement.

When part instruction is used it is important that the athlete is demonstrated the whole skill so that they can appreciate the end product and understand how the set of parts will develop the skill.
Part instruction / learning
Whole - Part - Whole Instruction
How does this apply to swimming? What are the subroutines of the Front Crawl?
Swimming is fun!
Full transcript