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Bilingual Education in Israel
Transcript of Bilingual Education in Israel
Nakba 1967: 6-day War 1973: Yom Kippur War 1993: Oslo Agreements 1989: First Intifada 2000: Second Intifada 2013: Israel's 65th Birthday Demographics of Israel 75% Jewish
5% Other Official Languages: Hebrew and Arabic
Additional Spoken Languages: English and Russian. Barely bigger than New Jersey! Would take less than two hours to drive from one end of the country to the other! Hebrew/Ivrit Arabic Education System in Israel: 4 Tracks State Religious Arab Independent Ministry of Education Curricula Cultural History (Jewish and Arab) English State/State-Religious/Independent Arab Hebrew The Center for Bilingual Education in Israel (CBE) Established in 1997
Resulted in 2 schools
Currently 4 bilingual/binational schools in Israel Both Hebrew and Arabic are languages of instruction
Bilingual programs seem to be partially successful in
reducing prejudice and alleviating conflict. Bilingual Education in Israel Jewish Superintendent Arab Superintendent Why Hebrew and not Yiddish? Arabic
In-depth history of Judaism and Israel Arabic: "knowing the enemy" 1948-1960: Induction and Segregation Under special Military government supervision 1970s-1990s: Reform and Development of New Pedagogies Cooperative Learning (CL) Mid 1990s: Awareness of Multiculturalism Can Arab-Jewish bilingual schools create a future of equality in the educational system in Israel? Other Forms of Bilingual Education in Israel Government Social Survey of Israelis over 20 years of age in 2011:
49% report Hebrew as their mother tongue
10% other languages *Independent schools
*University level Step 1: Draw a picture of the
Arab-Israeli conflict Step 2: Find a partner and discuss your pictures Step 3: Share with the class Step 4: Did anything surprise you? Why or why not? Discussion Questions: 1. Is it fair for the Ministry of Education to require all students to learn Hebrew but not Arabic since both are official languages? 2. How can bilingual/binational schools promote their curriculum among Jews and Arabs? Is the strategy different? 3. Should bilingual education (aside from Hebrew-Arabic-English) be promoted? 4. Can bilingual education promote equality amongst Jews and Arabs? QUESTIONS? by: Emily Primack