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AP Human Geography Ch 10: Agriculture

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Bryan Poepperling

on 27 March 2017

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Transcript of AP Human Geography Ch 10: Agriculture

Standards and Objectives
Unit 5: Agriculture, Food Production, and Rural Land Use
Lesson 1: Where did Agriculture Originate?
- 50% of people in LDC's are farmers and less than 2% are farmers in the U.S.
- LDC's are home to 97% of the world's farmers, yet the 2% in the U.S. produce enough food for people in the U.S. plus others around the world
Lesson 3: Where are Agricultural Regions in MDCs and LDCs?
- Commercial agriculture is divided into six types in MDCs:
1. Mixed Crop/ Livestock Farming
2. Diary Farming
3. Grain Farming
4. Livestock Ranching

5. Mediterranean Agriculture
6. Commercial Gardening/ Fruit Farming
Lesson 4: Why do Farmers Face Economic Difficulties?
Commercial and subsistence farmers face comparable challenges
- Both have difficulty generating enough income to continue farming
Lesson 3: Where are Agricultural Regions in MDCs and LDCs?
- Five agricultural types are characteristic of LDC farms:
1. Pastoral nomadism
2. Shifting cultivation
3. Intensive subsistence wet rice dominant
4. Intensive subsistence crops other than rice
5. Plantation
AP Human Geography
Chapter 10: Agriculture

Made By: Mr. Poepperling
Lesson 1 Objectives
Lesson 2 Objectives
Lesson 3 Objectives
Lesson 4 Objectives
1. Explain where and when Agriculture originated

2. Compare and Contrast commercial and subsistence agriculture

3. Explain why Geographers are concerned with studying agriculture
1. Where and when did agriculture originate?

2. Compare and Contrast commercial and subsistence agriculture through the 5 principle features.

3. Why are geographers concerned with studying agriculture?
Ticket out of the Door:
Ch. 10 Lesson 1
- Why do geographers
study agriculture?
- Where did agriculture start and diffuse?
Subsistence vs. Commercial
Agriculture

Fig. 10-1: There were several main heaths, or centers of origin, for vegetative crops (roots & tubers, etc.), from which the crops diffused to other areas. Carl Sauer suggested that Southeast Asia was a primary hearth.

Vegetative Planting Hearths

Fig. 10-2: Seed agriculture also originated in several hearths and diffused from those elsewhere.

Seed Agriculture Hearths

1. - Purpose of farming
2. - Percentage of farmers in the labor force
3. - Use of machinery
4. - Farm size
5. - Relationship of farming to other businesses
Fig. 10-3: A large proportion of workers in most LDCs are in agriculture, while only a small percentage of workers in MDCs are engaged in agriculture.

Labor Force in Agriculture, 2005

1. Explain the differences in diets of people in MDCs and LDCs

2. Explain what food security, undernourishment, and dietary energy consumption are.

3. Locate and describe where undernourishment is highest and
conclude why that is the case.
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 10 Lesson 2
1. Explain the differences in diets of people in MDCs and LDCs

2. Explain what food security, undernourishment, and dietary energy consumption are.

3. Locate and describe where undernourishment is highest and conclude why that is the case.
- Describe each in your notes in detail
2. Practiced in much of the world's humid, low latitude climate regions
- What are it's characteristics?
- Who owns the land?
- What is its future like?
1. Based on herding of domesticated animals
- What are it's characteristics?
- What is it's future like?
5. Found in the tropics/ subtropics, often owned or operated by Europeans or Americans
- Describe a plantation
- Describe the history of this work in the U.S.
3/4. Three-fourths of the world's people live in LDC's and this form of agriculture feeds most of them
- What is wet-rice dominant?
- What is wet-rice not dominant?
1. Locate five distinct agricultural regions in LDCs and six regions in MDCs

2. Explain all different types of agriculture in MDCs and LDCs

3. Make a conclusion about which type of agriculture is most important to international trading around the world
1. Locate five distinct agricultural regions in LDCs and six regions in MDCs.

2. Explain all different types of agriculture in MDCs and LDCs.
(separate paper into LDC category and MDC category)

3. Make a conclusion about which type of agriculture is most important to international trading around the world.
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 10 Lesson 3
- Locate a hearth of each type
4. What is ranching and how important is it in the U.S.?
- Explain where commercial ranching
is conducted in other MDCs

5. Where is Mediterranean Agriculture found?
- Explain what horticulture is and what the two most important types of crops are in this type

6. What is Commercial Gardening/ Fruit Farming?
- Explain what truck farming is and where it is practiced
1. What is the most distinctive characteristic
of mixed crop/livestock farming?
- Explain crop rotation

2. Where is dairy farming an extremely important source of agriculture?
- Explain regional distribution of
dairyfarming and its challenges

3. How significant is grain farming to international trade?
- Explain where large scale grain
production is in North America
1. Explain at least two challenges faced by
commercial farmers

2. Explain at least two challenges faced by subsistence farmers

3. Describe four strategies to increase the
food supply
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 10 Lesson 4
1. What are two challenges faced by
commercial farmers?

2. What are two challenges faced by subsistence farmers?

3. Describe four strategies to increase the
food supply.
- (Explain the green revolution specifically)
Challenges for commercial farmers

1. Importance of access to markets
- Johann Heinrich Von Thunen's Model
2. Overproduction in commercial farming
- 3 U.S. government policies
3. Sustainable agriculture
- 3 principal practices
Challenges for Subsistence farmers

1. Population growth
- Ester Boserup
2. International trade
- money vs. feeding growers
3. Drug Crops
- Yes, it is what you're thinking
- Describe all 4 strategies to Increase the
food supply-
Hunting and gathering vs. nomadic agriculture
Compare and Contrast both: 5 principal features

- To see how agriculture changes economic and environmental conditions at different scales in different places and regions
Lesson 2: Why do people consume different foods?
What factors cause diet variation?
- Level of development
- physical conditions
- Cultural preferences
What is dietary energy consumption and why are gains so important?
- The amount of food that an individual consumes; grain is the food that most people around the world obtain most of their calories from
(90% of grain production world-wide: Wheat, Rice, and Maize a.k.a. corn)
What is the average kcal amount per day, and how does it vary between MDCs and LDCs?
- 1,800 kcal per day; 3,600-3,800 kcal in developed regions daily and 2,400-2,600 kcal in developing regions. (U.S. is highest, sub-sharan African countries are lowest)
What countries are most undernourished and how does that affect daily life?
- India has the highest number of undernourished, Sub-Saharan Africa is increasing in their number :/
https://mediaplayer.pearsoncmg.com/assets/yVQQKpFsIJqUCPwW9SdbAGrPsxtagoKb
1. Increase exports from surplus countries
2. Expand agricultural land
3. Expand fishing
4. Increase productivity-
*Green Revolution*
Full transcript