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AP Human Geography Ch 10: Agriculture

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Bryan Poepperling

on 21 February 2016

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Transcript of AP Human Geography Ch 10: Agriculture

Standards and Objectives
Unit 5: Agriculture, Food Production, and Rural Land Use
Lesson 1: Where did Agriculture Originate?
- 50% of people in LDC's are farmers, and less than 2%
are farmers in the U.S.
- LDC's are home to 97% of the world's farmers, yet the 2% in the U.S. produce enough food for people in the U.S. plus others around the world
Lesson 3: Where are Agricultural Regions in MDCs?
- Commercial agriculture is divided into six types:
1. Mixed Crop/ Livestock Farming
2. Diary Farming
3. Grain Farming
4. Livestock Ranching

5. Mediterranean Agriculture
6. Commercial Gardening/ Fruit Farming
Lesson 4: Why do Farmers Face Economic Difficulties?
Commercial and subsistence farmers face
comparable challenges
- Both have difficulty generating enough income to continue farming
Lesson 2: Where are Agricultural Regions in LDCs?
- Four agricultural types are characteristic of LDC farms:
1. Shifting cultivation
2. Pastoral nomadism
3. Intensive subsistence
4. Plantation
AP Human Geography
Chapter 10: Agriculture

Made By: Mr. Poepperling
Lesson 1 Objectives
Lesson 2 Objectives
Lesson 3 Objectives
Lesson 4 Objectives
1. Explain where and when Agriculture originated

2. Compare and Contrast commercial and subsistence agriculture

3. Explain why Geographers are concerned with studying agriculture
1. Where and when did agriculture originate?

2. Compare and Contrast commercial and subsistence agriculture.
-(Use the 5 principle features on pg. 311)

3. Why are geographers concerned with studying agriculture?
Ticket out of the Door:
Ch. 10 Lesson 1
- Why do geographers study agriculture?
Hunting and gathering vs. nomadic agriculture
- Where did agriculture start and diffuse?
Subsistence vs. Commercial Agriculture
- Compare and Contrast both: 5 principal features
(p. 311-314)
1. - Purpose of farming
2. - Percentage of farmers in the labor force
3. - Use of machinery
4. - Farm size
5. - Relationship of farming to other businesses
Fig. 10-1: There were several main heaths, or centers of origin, for vegetative crops (roots & tubers, etc.), from which the crops diffused to other areas. Carl Sauer suggested that Southeast Asia was a primary hearth.

Vegetative Planting Hearths

Fig. 10-2: Seed agriculture also originated in several hearths and diffused from those elsewhere.

Seed Agriculture Hearths

Fig. 10-3: A large proportion of workers in most LDCs are in agriculture, while only a small percentage of workers in MDCs are engaged in agriculture.

Labor Force in Agriculture, 2005

1. Describe the four types of agriculture in LDCs

2. Explain how the future of each type of agriculture will affect LDCs

3. Explain which type of agriculture feeds the most citizens in LDCs and how it does so
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 10 Lesson 2
1. What are the four types of agriculture in LDCs? Describe each in detail.

2. How will each type of agriculture's future affect LDCs? (Have some types already faded away?)

3. Which type of agriculture feeds the most citizens in LDCs? (Explain your reasoning)
- Describe each in your notes in detail
1. Practiced in much of the world's humid, low latitude climate regions
- What are it's characteristics?
- Who owns the land?
- What is its future like?
2. Based on herding of domesticated animals
- What are it's characteristics?
- What is it's future like?
3. Three-fourths of the world's people live in LDC's and this form of agriculture feeds most of them
- What is wet-rice dominant?
- What is wet-rice not dominant?
4. Found in the tropics/ subtropics, often owned or operated by Europeans or Americans
- Describe a plantation
- Describe the history of this work in the U.S.
1. Locate and describe three distinct agricultural regions in MDCs

2. Explain each of the six types of agriculture in MDCs

3. Make a conclusion about which type of agriculture is most important to international trading around the world
1. Name three distinct agricultural regions in MDCs around the world and explain what crop is grown in each.

2. What are the six types of agriculture in MDCs? (Describe each in detail)

3. Which type of agriculture is most important to international trading around the world? Use supporting facts from the text to support your choice.
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 10 Lesson 3
- Locate a hearth of each type
1. What is the most distinctive characteristic
of mixed crop/livestock farming?
- Explain crop rotation

2. Where is dairy farming an extremely important source of agriculture?
- Explain regional distribution of
dairyfarming and its challenges

3. How significant is grain farming to international trade?
- Explain where large scale grain
production is in North America
4. What is ranching and how important is it in the U.S.?
- Explain where commercial ranching
is conducted in other MDCs

5. Where is Mediterranean agriculture found?

- Explain what horticulture is and what the two most important types of crops are in this type

6. What is commercial gardening and fruit farming?
- Explain what truck farming is and where it is practiced
1. Explain at least two challenges faced by
commercial farmers

2. Explain at least two challenges faced by subsistence farmers

3. Describe four strategies to increase the
food supply
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 10 Lesson 4
1. What are two challenges faced by
commercial farmers?

2. What are two challenges faced by subsistence farmers?

3. Describe four strategies to increase the
food supply.
- (Explain the green revolution specifically)
Challenges for commercial farmers

1. Importance of access to markets
- Johann Heinrich Von Thunen's Model
2. Overproduction in commercial farming
- 3 U.S. government policies
3. Sustainable agriculture
- 3 principal practices
Challenges for Subsistence farmers

1. Population growth
- Ester Boserup
2. International trade
- money vs. feeding growers
3. Drug Crops
- Yes, it is what you're thinking
- Describe all 4 strategies to Increase the food supply- *Green Revolution*
Full transcript