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Shakespeare

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Jenna Faulkner

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of Shakespeare

Shakespeare
Romeo and Juliet

Why Shakespeare?
If you cannot understand my argument, and declare "
It's Greek to me'
', you are quoting Shakespeare; if you claim to be
more sinned against than sinning
, you are quoting Shakespeare; if you recall your salad days, you are quoting Shakespeare; if you
act more in sorrow than in anger
; if your wish is farther to the though
t
; if your lost property has
vanished into thin air
, you are quoting Shakespeare; if you have ever
refused to budge an inch
or suffered from
green-eyed jealousy
, if you have
played fast and loose
, if you have been
tongue-tied
, a
tower of strength
,
hoodwinked
or
in a pickle
, if you have
knitted your brows
, made a virtue of necessity, insisted on
fair play
,
slept not one wink
,

stood on ceremony,
danced attendance
(on your lord and master),
laughed yourself into stitches
, had short shrift, cold comfort or
too much of a good thing
, if you have
seen better days
or lived in a
fool's paradise
-why, be that as it may, the more fool you , for it is a foregone conclusion that you are (as good luck would have it) quoting Shakespeare; if you think it is early days and clear out bag and baggage, if you think
it is high time
and that that is the long and short of it, if you believe that
the game is up
and that
truth will out even
if it involves
your own flesh and blood
, if you
lie low
till the crack of doom because you
suspect foul play
, if you have
your teeth set on edge
(at one fell swoop) without rhyme or reason, then - to
give the devil his due
- if the truth were known (for
surely you have a tongue in your head
) you are quoting Shakespeare; even if you
bid me good riddance
and
send me packing
, if you wish I was
dead as a door-nail
, if you think I am an
eyesore
, a
laughing stock
, the
devil incarnate
, a
stony-hearted villain
,
bloody-minded
or a
blinking idio
t, then -
by Jove! O Lord! Tut tut! For goodness' sake! What the dickens!
But me no buts! -
it is all one to me
, for you are quoting Shakespeare"

In the beginning....
Born in April, 1564 in Stratford Upon Avon
Where's that you ask??
Nobody knows his EXACT date of birth
However, we do know the date of his baptism, April 26th
By tradition, and guess-work, we can say that his birthday was three days earlier, April 23rd. This is the date that is celebrated today as his birth date.

Shakespeare's parents were John and Mary
John was a glove maker and shopkeeper. He sometimes acted as the towns high bailiff (similar to mayor)
Shakespeare attended King's New Grammar School when he was a child
While there he studied mathematics, natural sciences, Latin language and rhetoric, Logic, Christian ethics, and classic literature
Love and Marriage....and Death
1582- at age 18, he married 26 year old Anne Hathaway
Their daughter Susanna was born in their first year of marriage
1585- Their twins, Hamnet and Judith, were born.
Hamnet died at age 11
Shakespeare was already quite famous at this point
1586- Shakespeare moved to London
April 23, 1616- Shakespeare Died (age 52)
Elizabethan Era
Shakespeare wrote during the Elizabethan Era in history (16th century)
Elizabeth I was the Queen of England 1558-1603
This Period was the emergence of tremendous political power and cultural achievement
The greatest literature of this period was poetry and drama (Shakespeare contributed to both)

Romeo and Juliet...source
Shakespeare's primary source for the play is Arthur Brooke's "Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet" (1562), which is a long, dense poem.
Shakespeare's plot remains true to the Brooke version in most details, with theatrical license taken in some instances.
Where in the world??
No, not this Anne Hathaway...
1954- charter member of the acting troupe "Lord Chamberlain's Men"
1604- King James became the benefactor of the acting troupe and their name changed to "King's Men"
The ultimate professional writer.
Provided highly demanded plays
These plays are STILL produced all over the world!
Also, modern adaptations are constantly being made!
Live for the Applause...
Shakespeare's Writing
Shakespeare wrote three types of plays
Comedies- light and amusing, usually with a happy ending
Tragedies- serious dramas with disastrous endings
Histories- involve events or people from history
He also wrote poetry

Romeo and Juliet is one of his Tragedies

Shakespeare's Burial. Shakespeare is buried in the chancel of Holy Trinity Church

The Globe Theatre
1557- James Burbage built the first permanent theatre in England, called The Theatre (until this time, touring companies had played wherever they could rent space--usually courtyard inns)
1599- Burbage's theatre was torn down and its timbers were used by Shakespeare and his company to build the Globe Theatre (the theatre where Shakespeare wrote most of his plays)
Kitchen in Shakespeare's home
Good  friend  for  Jesus’  sake  forbear, To dig the dust enclosed here. Blessed be the man that spares these stones, And cursed be he that moves my bones.
Shakespeare called it
the "Wooden O"
"All the world's a stage, and
we are merely players" --Billy Boy
How is the Globe constructed?
with wood and nails...
Plaster probably...
maybe some stone
and tile....



JUST KIDDING!
well...sort of....
The Globe was a large round building, 3 stories high, with a large platform stage that projected from one end into a yard open to the sky.
In the back wall of the stage was a curtained-ff inner stage. Flanking the inner stage were 2 doors for entrances and exits.
Above the inner stage was a small balcony or upper stage which could be used to suggest Juliet's balcony, the high walls of a castle, or the bridge of a ship
Trapdoors were places in the floor of the main stage for the entrance and exits of ghosts and for descents into hell. In fact, this section of the stage was known as "Hell"
There were also trapdoors in the ceiling for sound effects, actors to jump from, etc. This area was known as "The Heavens"
Plays were performed in the afternoons
Since the stage was open to he sky there was no need for stage illumination
There were very few sets (scenery, furniture, etc.) and the stage was "set" by the language (the minimal scenery allowed the playwrights to move their stories rapidly from place to place)
Costumes were often elaborate, and the stage might be hung with colorful banners and trappings
Plays
Spectators
Bye Bye Globie
The Globe burned during a performance when a cannonball was shot into the air and landed on the thatched roof. It was later completely destroyed by the Puritans, who felt theater contributed to the “immoral behavior” of men and women. The Globe’s motto was “Totus mundus agit histrionem” meaning, “The whole world is a playhouse.” The same sentiment is relayed by Shakespeare’s lines, “All the world’s a stage” from his play, As You Like It.

In 1970 the theatre Sam Wanamaker began rebuilding the Globe. The new Globe Theatre had its first shown 1997.
Acting wasn't considered entirely respectable by the English Puritans, so all women parts were played by boys whose voices hadn't changed yet
Not for many years did women appear onstage in the professional English theatre
Juliet would have been performed by a trained boy actor
Flags were used to indicate what type of play would be performed that day.
Black=tragedy
White=comedy
Red=history
Wealthy people got to sit on benches
The poor (called "Groundlings") had to watch while standing in the courtyard
There was much more audience participation than we have today
All female roles were played by boys
Final Thought on Theatre..
The theatre is much more than a medium of words. When we go to see a play, it is the movement of the words rather than the movement of the scenery that delights us.
Gender Differences in the 1200-1400s
Juliet:
A typical woman in this time pwriod would likely be married at age 15
Juliet would be escorted and watched at social events
It was expected that Juliet's family would provide a dowry (money and material items) to her groom
Juleit was expected to be chaste until her wedding night, and from then on to be completely faithful to her husband
The only option to marriage would have been the convent. Juliet was expected to marry and hear children, to run a household, and to entertain guests.
Juliet would be advised to obey and honor her husband
Juliet would have very little to say in the decisions concerning her children
It would not be typical for a woman like Juliet to participate in city or political affairs
It was not acceptable for Juliet to handle weapons, participate in athletics, or do other things that involved physical exercise
Gender Differences in the 1200-1400s
Romeo:
A typical man in his time period would marry no sooner than age 21
Romeo would be allowed freedom to drink and carouse as he pleased
Romeo would control all his wife's possessions, money, and property
Romeo would have been allowed to visit prostitutes, and/or have mistresses after he was married
Romeo could have been a politician, merchant, soldier, sea captain, artists, doctor, banker, scholar, or religious man
It was acceptable, and almost recommended, for Romeo to beat his wife if she were not submissive
Romeo would have complete control over his children
It would have been advantageous for Romeo to hold public office
Romeo was expected to learn how to fence, play athletic games, and do other physical activities
Language
Language is the most powerful aspect of "Romeo and Juliet"
The characters curse, vow oaths, banish each other, and generally play with the language through overuse of action verbs
In addition, the play is filled with the use of oxymorons, puns, paradoxes, and double entendres
There is a shift in language used by both Romeo and Juliet once they fall in love
Romeo is hopelessly normal in his courtship before meeting Juliet. After, his language become infinitely richer and stronger. He is changed so much that Mercutio remarks "Now art thou sociable"
Language
Story Background
Setting-The play takes place in the town of Verona, Italy
The
Montagues
(Romeo) and the
Capulets
(Juliet) are two rival families. They are involved in a family feud that goes back years before any of the members were born. Yet the feud still continues due to the face that neither family is ready to forgive and forget the past. Even the townspeople are involved because the families don't keep the feud in the privacy of their own home but have been seen fighting in the public streets and displaying violence.
Shakespeare is exploring the idea of....
Which is stronger: Love or Hate?
END
"For never was a story of more woe
Than this of Juliet and her Romeo."
John Shakespeare
Full transcript