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Tips and Strategies for TOEFL ITP

IsF 2014
by

Monitoria Italiano

on 1 September 2014

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Transcript of Tips and Strategies for TOEFL ITP

TOEFL
ITP

What Does Each Section Measure?
Listening Comprehension
- measures the ability to understand spoken English as it is used in colleges and universities.

Structure and Written Expression
- measures recognition
of selected structural and grammatical points in standard
written English.

Reading
- measures the ability to read and understand academic reading material.

The ability to communicate in English as an entrance requirement
More than 9,000 colleges, agencies and other institutions in over 130 countries -- including Australia, Canada, the U.K. and the United States -- accept TOEFL scores. (http://www.ets.org/toefl/)

2 formats – TOEFL
ITP
(Institutional Testing Program) and TOEFL
iBT
(Internet Based Test)

T
est
o
f
E
nglish as a
F
oreign
L
anguage
TOEFL
ITP
(Institutional Testing Program)
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages and the total minimum
TOEFL

ITP
scores
(highest score = 677)
A2
(Basic User) =
337

B1
(Independent User) =
460

B2
(Independent User) =
543

C1
(Proficient User) =
627

Structure & Written Expression
sample questions
Questions 1–3 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose the 
one
 word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
Question 1

By far the most noticeable blemishes on the surface of the Sun _____ sunspots.

A. are
B. the
C. that are
D. in the

Question 2
International trade in the world's 20-odd varieties of sturgeon _____ by the United Nations since 1998, after a drastic rise in poaching.

A. is controlled
B. is supported
C. has been regulated
D. has been promoted

Structure
Question 3
The hospital is now discounting 10 standard operations and ___________, ranging from having a baby and treating a cataract to undergoing a heart bypass.

A. equipment
B. visits
C. procedures
D. medication

Structure & Written Expression
sample questions
In questions 4–6, each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. The four underlined parts of the sentence are marked A, B, C and D. Identify the 
one
 underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
Written Expression
Question 4
A. achievement in the
B. raise anew
C. whether
D. should be
Question 5
A. for decades
B. has been known
C. promoted with
D. ceaseless
Question 6
A. in cases of
B. to
C. likely
D. temporarily
Reading Comprehension sample questions
In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by a number of questions about it. You are to choose the 
one
 best answer, A, B, C or D, to each question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
Question 1
The ability of falling cats to right themselves in midair and land on their feet has been a source of wonder for ages. Biologists long regarded it as an example of adaptation by natural selection, but for physicists it bordered on the miraculous. Newton's laws of motion assume that the total amount of spin of a body cannot change unless an external torque speeds it up or slows it down. If a cat has no spin when it is released and experiences no external torque, it ought not to be able to twist around as it falls.
In the speed of its execution, the righting of a tumbling cat resembles a magician's trick. The gyrations of the cat in midair are too fast for the human eye to follow, so the
process
is obscured. Either the eye must be speeded up, or the cat's fall slowed down for the phenomenon to be observed. A century ago the former was accomplished by means of high-speed photography using equipment now available in any pharmacy. But in the nineteenth century the capture on film of a falling cat constituted a scientific experiment.
The experiment was described in a paper presented to the Paris Academy in 1894. Two sequences of twenty photographs each, one from the side and one from behind, show a white cat in the act of righting itself. Grainy and quaint though they are, the photos show that the cat was dropped upside down, with no initial spin, and still landed on its body clockwise, the rear and tail twist counterclockwise, so that the total spin remains zero, in perfect accord with Newton's laws. Halfway down, the cat pulls in its legs before reversing its twist and then extends them again, with the desired end result. The explanation was that while nobody can acquire spin without torque, a flexible one can
readily
change its orientation, or phase. Cats know this instinctively, but scientists could not be sure how it happened until they increased
the speed of their perceptions a thousand fold.
What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. The explanation of an interesting phenomenon.
B. Miracles in modern science.
C. Procedures in scientific investigation.
D. The differences between biology and physics.

Question 2
The word "
process
" in line 8 refers to

A. the righting of a tumbling cat
B. the cat's fall slowed down
C. high-speed photography
D. a scientific experiment
Question 3
Which of the following can be inferred about high-speed photography in the late 1800's?

A. It was a relatively new technology.
B. The necessary equipment was easy to obtain.
C. The resulting photographs are difficult to interpret.
D. It was not fast enough to provide new information.
Question 4
According to the passage, a cat is able to right itself in midair because it is

A. frightened
B. small
C. intelligent
D. flexible
Question 6
How did scientists increase "
the speed of their perceptions a thousand fold
" (lines 21-22)?

A. By analyzing photographs.
B. By observing a white cat in a dark room.
C. By dropping a cat from a greater height.
D. By studying Newton's laws of motion.
Question 5
The word "
readily
" in line 20 is closest in meaning to

A. only
B. easily
C. slowly
D. certainly
This section tests your ability to understand
English conversations and lectures.
Basic comprehension...
What is stated in the passages?
(the main idea or overall topic)

1.
Understand the gist.
2.
Understand the details.
1.
Don't worry if the listening passages are on a topic that is not familiar to you.

2.
Listen carefully to the passages.

3.
Look at each question to determine what type of question it is.

4.
Think carefully about a question before you answer it.
Pragmatic understanding...
The more subtle understanding.

3.
Understand the function.
4.
Understand the speaker's stance.
Connecting Information...
Involves a number of ideas rather than
a single idea.

5.
Understand the organization.
6.
Understand relationships.
LISTENING SKILLS
READING/WRITING
1.
Understand vocabulary from context.
2.
Recognize referents.
Vocabulary and references
Sentences...
3.
Simplify meanings of sentences.
4.
Insert words into the sentences.
Details...
5.
Find factual information.
6.
Understand negative facts.
Inferences...
7.
Make inferences from stated facts.


1.
Don't worry if the reading passages are on a topic that is not familiar to you.

2.
Don't spend too much time reading the passages.
3.
Skim each passage to determine the main idea and overall organization of ideas.
4.
Look at each question to determine what type of question it is.
5.
Choose the best answer.
6.
Don't spend too much time on a question you are completely unsure of.

TOEFL
Before the Test...

Prepare for the Test!
Bring your material to the Test Center!




During the Test...

Manage your time!
Complete the Answer Sheet!
WHAT TO DO
FOR A BETTER COMPREHENSION?
Question types
Short Conversations
Lectures
Focus on the
2nd line
;
Look for
synonyms
;
Avoid
similar sounds
.
Let's Practice!
Gist/
main idea
;
Function or
Attitude
Understanding
content
.
Detail(s)
;
Inference
;
Let's Practice!
Let's Practice!
Full transcript