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The Path to Marriage Equality - Passage III
Transcript of The Path to Marriage Equality - Passage III
The Path to Marriage Equality:
Interracial Marriages & their Effect on Same-Sex Marriages
Implications of Slavery
Slavery and white supremacy greatly impacted the social acceptance of interracial relationships and marriages historically.
During the era of slavery, white masters freely used the bodies of female slaves for sexual gratification.
The Beginning of Anti-Miscegenation Laws
Virginia enacted the first anti-miscegenation law in the United States in 1662, and in the 1700's, five additional states had enacted such laws:
1715: North Carolina
1717: South Carolina
Anti-Miscegenation Laws in the late 1700's
1750: Georgia adopts an anti-miscegenation law after blacks are admitted into the colony.
1786: In Massachusetts, an act of 1786 banned marriages between whites and Negroes.
1798: Rhode Island passed a law that bans interracial marriage between blacks and whites.
1844: Rhode Island
1852: Indiana; Utah Territory
1855: Kansas Territory; Washington Territory
1859: New Mexico Territory
Anti-Miscegenation in the Court
1857: Dread Scott v. Stadford
1868: The Fourteenth Amendment
1883: Pace v. Alabama
1896: Plessy v. Ferguson
(Finally) Ruling Anti-Miscegenation Unconstitutional
Legalization of Same-Sex Marriages
1973: Jones v. Hallahan
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
Singer v. Hara
Adams v. Howerton
Thornton v. Timmers
The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)
Where we are today
Civil Unions &
the Separation of Church and State
Baehr v. Miike & the Vermont Civil Union Law
The Federal Marriage Amendment
How Interracial Marriage & Same Sex Marriage are related
"Destruction of society"
Separation of the church and the state
Stereotypes & discrimination
Continuation of Anti-Miscegenation
1964: Supreme Court and Florida
Interracial Marriages & their Effect on Interracial Marriages
Discrimination fascinates me; I consider myself an advocate for equality.
Interracial marriage unit in AP United States History
Reason for Interest
How has the legalization and social acceptance of interracial marriages effected that of same-sex marriages?
What are others opinions of interracial marriages? Why do people have those perspectives?
What are the opinions of same-sex marriages? Why do people have those perspectives?
The path of marriage equality for same-sex marriages is greatly influenced by the legalization and acceptance of interracial marriages in the United States.
Laws prohibited marriage between Native Americans and Europeans in the colonies.
Miscegenation was made illegal by the lawmakers of the Jamestown Colony in the 1600s.
The 1614 marriage between Pocahontas and John Rolfe was an exception; it was the first recorded interracial marriage in North American history.
1970's: Start of homosexual fight for rights
Lesbian and gay couples trying to legally cement their relationship.
1971: Baker v. Nelson
Legalization of Same Sex Marriages
Social Media and Social Acceptance
Television (The Fosters, Good Luck Charlie)
Who defines marriage? Who enforces marriage?
Investigate the World
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Browne-Marshall, Gloria J. Race, Law, and American Society: 1607 to Present. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2007. Print.
Burns, Kate. Gay Marriage. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2005. Print.
Francis, Roberta W. "Home." The Equal Rights Amendment. Alice Paul Institute, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2013. <http://www.equalrightsamendment.org/faq.htm>.
"Freedom To Marry." About Freedom to Marry. Freedom to Marry, n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013. <http://www.freedomtomarry.org/pages/about-us>.
Grill, Emily R. In Defense of Same-Sex Marriage: Religious Freedom, Sexual Freedom, and Public Expressions of Civil Equality. N.p.: Georgetown UP, 2012. Print.
“Human Rights Campaign.” Human Rights Campaign
Newport, Frank. "In U.S., 87% Approve Of Black-White Marriage, Vs. 4% In 1958." Gallup Poll Briefing (2013): 1. Points of View Reference Center. Web. 5 Dec. 2013.
President Obama - Gay Marriage: Gay Couples 'Should Be Able to Get Married' Perf. Barack Obama and Robin Roberts. Youtube. ABC News, 09 May 2012. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <www.youtube.com/watch?v=kQGMTPab9GQ>.
Stanford, Eleanor, ed. Interracial America: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 2006. Print.. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2013.
U.S. Constitution. Art./Amend. XIV, Sec. 1.
Wikipedia. "Same-sex Marriage in the United States." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Dec. 2013. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Same-sex_marriage_in_the_United_States>.