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Constellation myths

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by

Joyce Park

on 29 July 2013

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Transcript of Constellation myths

Constellation Myths

Constellation Background
-Constellations are named patterns of stars.
-Named and ordered by many cultures

-Classical constellations- began in lands of the middle east thousands of years ago

-the ancient Greeks and Romans


The Nemean Lion
Constellation Leo
LEO, ZODIAC CONSTELLATION
Latin : Leo (the Lion)
Greek : Leon (the Lion)
NEMEAN LION -Heracles had to kill this lion with immortal skin. He couldn't pierce it with weapons so he strangled the neck.
Then he wore the lion skin.

2. Slay the Lenaean Hydra

HYDRA, CONSTELLATION
Latin : Hydra (the Water Serpent)
Greek : Hydra (the Water Serpent)
LERNAEAN HYDRA -Nine-headed serpent that guarded Lerna

CANCER, ZODIAC CONSTELLATION
Latin : Cancer (the Crab)
Greek : Karkinos (the Crab)

- Heracles killed serpent and crushed the crab which grabbed onto his heel. Hera honored the pair in the heavens as the constellations Hydra and Cancer.

7. Cretan Bull
TAURUS, ZODIAC CONSTELLATION
Latin : Taurus (the Bull)
Greek : Tauros (the Bull)

-Heracles had to capture the bull. He grabbed the bull by the horns and tossed it in the sea. He rode on it to Peloponnesus.
11. Apples of Hespirides
Latin : Draco (the Dragon)
Greek : Drakôn (the Dragon)
HESPERIAN DRAGON-
Heracles had to kill the dragon or confront it to get the apples from the tree.
Hera put this in the sky as constellation Draco

HERCULES, CONSTELLATION
Latin : Hercules
Greek : Engonasin (the Kneeler)
Heracles was put in the stars as a kneeling man poised to hit the Hesperian dragon or the constellation Draco
Sources
-http://mathisencorollary.blogspot.com/2011/09/twelve-labors-of-hercules.html
-http://stars.astro.illinois.edu/sow/const.html
-http://www.theoi.com/Cat_Astraioi.html
-http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Mythology/HeraclesLabours.html

Heracles' Labors and Deeds
4. On the way to Ermanthian Boar
Side deed
CENTAURUS, CONSTELLATION
Latin : Centaurus (the Centaur)
Greek : Kentauros (the Centaur)

PHOLUS -A centaur who was a friend of Heracles.
The wine that Heracles opened drew centaurs. Heracles killed them with poisonous arrows. Pholos dropped one on his foot and died.

11. On the way to complete Apples of Hespirides
Side-deed
AQUILA, CONSTELLATION
Latin : Aquila (the Eagle)
Greek : Aiêtos (the Eagle)
EAGLE OF PROMETHEUS
Heracles killed the eagle that was eating Prometheus' liver.

SAGGITA, CONSTELLATION
Latin : Saggita (the Arrow)
Greek : Oistos (the Arrow)
ARROW OF HERACLES-
Heracles used this to kill the eagle.
Zeus put eagle and arrow next to each other as the constellations Aquila and Sagitta
Conclusion
-Some look as named and others not
-Ptolemy's 48
-Modern constellations
-Implications

-

https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQeQLnvAgR8zf_uaIfX1Pru-wnb2eMvGCDDGHyifBa7RgAfxP9z6V-Kkzql
http://stars.astro.illinois.edu/sow/hya-t.html
http://stars.astro.illinois.edu/sow/cnc-jupt.jpg
http://www.starrynighteducation.com/stargazer/images/1639CruxCentaurus.jpg
http://stars.astro.illinois.edu/sow/her-t.jpg
http://cdcruz.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/draco.png
http://astrobob.areavoices.com/astrobob/images/thumbnail/Aug1Sagitta.JPG
https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSqsnEIoOfxbmn4lm8xQy6t64ThFRmPOHqejn_1GT1c-dlsizGB
http://84d1f3.medialib.glogster.com/media/60/60849293583cd281745fc3ac7f629a54ac0ebf4b51e6b93fac1d7bfcc1a4e172/constellation-leo.gif
http://www.eastbayastro.org/2000/0800/aquilamap.gif
https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS2V0BvWQ6pmuewSgzXZ5J2bkYbMFkqbEcWTiXHTFzvg-UBthiDEQ
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