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Transcript of Constellation myths
-Constellations are named patterns of stars.
-Named and ordered by many cultures
-Classical constellations- began in lands of the middle east thousands of years ago
-the ancient Greeks and Romans
The Nemean Lion
LEO, ZODIAC CONSTELLATION
Latin : Leo (the Lion)
Greek : Leon (the Lion)
NEMEAN LION -Heracles had to kill this lion with immortal skin. He couldn't pierce it with weapons so he strangled the neck.
Then he wore the lion skin.
2. Slay the Lenaean Hydra
Latin : Hydra (the Water Serpent)
Greek : Hydra (the Water Serpent)
LERNAEAN HYDRA -Nine-headed serpent that guarded Lerna
CANCER, ZODIAC CONSTELLATION
Latin : Cancer (the Crab)
Greek : Karkinos (the Crab)
- Heracles killed serpent and crushed the crab which grabbed onto his heel. Hera honored the pair in the heavens as the constellations Hydra and Cancer.
7. Cretan Bull
TAURUS, ZODIAC CONSTELLATION
Latin : Taurus (the Bull)
Greek : Tauros (the Bull)
-Heracles had to capture the bull. He grabbed the bull by the horns and tossed it in the sea. He rode on it to Peloponnesus.
11. Apples of Hespirides
Latin : Draco (the Dragon)
Greek : Drakôn (the Dragon)
Heracles had to kill the dragon or confront it to get the apples from the tree.
Hera put this in the sky as constellation Draco
Latin : Hercules
Greek : Engonasin (the Kneeler)
Heracles was put in the stars as a kneeling man poised to hit the Hesperian dragon or the constellation Draco
Heracles' Labors and Deeds
4. On the way to Ermanthian Boar
Latin : Centaurus (the Centaur)
Greek : Kentauros (the Centaur)
PHOLUS -A centaur who was a friend of Heracles.
The wine that Heracles opened drew centaurs. Heracles killed them with poisonous arrows. Pholos dropped one on his foot and died.
11. On the way to complete Apples of Hespirides
Latin : Aquila (the Eagle)
Greek : Aiêtos (the Eagle)
EAGLE OF PROMETHEUS
Heracles killed the eagle that was eating Prometheus' liver.
Latin : Saggita (the Arrow)
Greek : Oistos (the Arrow)
ARROW OF HERACLES-
Heracles used this to kill the eagle.
Zeus put eagle and arrow next to each other as the constellations Aquila and Sagitta
-Some look as named and others not