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Dickens of a party
Transcript of Dickens of a party
The streets of London were crowded with many people such as peddlers and beggars.
On the first shilling day there were a lot of police there but on that day no one was arrested and in the five and half months that the great exhibition was open only seven people were arrested. The police that were stationed at the great exhibition were part of the metropolitan police force. 1829 was when the police force was established (Safe Streets and Prisons).
There are four hundred crimes that carry the death penalty. Sir Robert Peel destroyed all the offenses that carried the death penalty, began reform prisons, and also helped set up the metropolitan police force (Safe Streets and Prisons).
Peel rather than, punishing criminals he wanted to prevent crime. In a few of Charles Dickens novels which he wrote in the 1840s and 1830s showed how the streets of Britain could be very lawless (Safe Streets and Prisons).
Because of how successful the metro police force was it led to other forces being organized. However it didn't become required for counties to have police forces until 1856. As more laws were passed the police forces duties were extended. Such as in 1872 the licensing act made police supervise public drinking places. However, other aspects of law were changing too (Safe Streets and Prisons).Even the way criminals were punished changed, there were no more hulk ships which were ships that were anchored that held prisoners. The transportation of criminals slowly went down and the last ship was sent to Australia in 1868. All of these changes led to new prisons where all the prisoner were seperated and not allowed to talk to each other (Safe Streets and Prisons).
Although there was a concern about the police force many people didn't want the police to look like the military This is the reason that police wore top hats and didn't carry rifles on them (Safe Streets and Prisons).
"Safe Streets and Prisons." A Lawless Nation? N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
"Victorian England Town House." Victorian England Town House. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
"Victorian Era Sports - Croquet." Victorian Era Sports - Croquet. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
"Victorian England Town House." Victorian England Town House. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
"Victorian Era Sports - Horseback Riding." Victorian Era Sports - Horseback Riding. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
"Victorian Era Sports - Roller Skating." Victorian Era Sports - Roller Skating. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.
"Victorian Era Sports - Water Activities." Victorian Era Sports - Water Activities. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
VICTORIAN MENS SWIMWEAR." Wear For Sale. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
In the Victorian Era rowing and canoeing were very popular. Women could not wear their regular clothing, they had to wear stout boots,a skirt that barely touched the ground, a flannel shirt and a sailors hat. Women were also urged to protect their hands with heavy gloves. For men rowing was competitive and very popular, however for women it was supposed to be for exercise and pleasure. Women went to the beach, but usually didn't swim this is because they had very heavy bathing suits.Because women wore such heavy fabrics even the best swimmers would be tired out after just a few strokes. Woman had ready made bathing suits that were made in two pieces. Drawers and a tunic were also not made of clinging fabrics like flannel. The twentieth century is when women got to experience real swimming, Men on the other hand would wear a t-shirt and shorts.
Introduced in 1863, roller skating was quickly made fashionable in New York City. During the 1870s, rinks with hard maple wood floors were built in the majority of towns. Someone could participate in races, fancy skating, or dancing on skates if they paid an admission fee of 25 or 50 cents. Skating dresses became popular in the 1870s because they provided more movement freedom. This led to women dressing more freely than they were able to in the past.
In 1856, croquet was introduced to England and in 1860 to America. It required little strength but a good amount of skill so it was good for women. It had social and economic advantages but was not very popular among men. It did not require much equipment or any special clothing therefore men and women could play together easier.
Dining room etiquette
Formal wear was expected for any occasion after 6 p.m.
Formal gentlemen wear consisted of dark broadcloth and fine linen. Woman wore short-sleeved gowns.
The Victorian dining room was large and heavily decorated, It would have fine china and a lavish appointed table.
Every piece of table silver, china, and stemware had it's own appointed place.
Victorian Dinners, in particular are quite well know for the endless procession of soups, meats, salads, pudding, ices, and meringues or pastries.
Most dinners had 6 courses.
Finger bowls with a sliver of lemon in the water signaled the end of the meal.
After the party men would go smoke cigars or port,while woman would go to the drawings room.
Only the wealthy could have the privilege of horse back riding. This is because they were the only ones with enough money to rent or buy a horse. The people that weren’t as wealthy had to make financial sacrifices to enjoy horseback riding. Gloves, boots, and equestrinne tights were what women needed to wear to go horseback riding. When men went horseback riding they would wear almost the same thing (Camping and Horseback Riding).
Many children went to work, not to school! Children would dig up coal. They had to wake up very early and go work in the mines.
Only wealthy boys went to school. Very few poor girls and boys went to school. Girls, if rich were normally home schooled by their nannies.
Even though they worked they still had time to play. The poor children and some rich would play where ever space was given, but some rich kids had playrooms.
Most families relaxed on the weekend by going to parks, having picnics, listening to bands at the park, and going to a zoo.
There was a famine, so they grew potatoes because they could grow in harsh soil. Then the potatoes got a disease so it was a harsh time finding food. They called this the great hunger.
Families in the 1800's had about 10 kids per family but many died as babies because of disease and lack of food.
Poor children were not well dressed and had to work. Rich children had neat, warm clothes, and went to school,and were well fed.
The poor and the rich were easily identified.
Families in the 1800's had about 10 kids per family but many died as babies because of disease. The Victorian parents would buy their children magazines, such as St. Nicholas. The parents always wanted to believe their children would grow up to have a bright future. Plucking berries and veggies, playing cat’s cradle, rolling hoops, weaving clover necklaces, and blowing wishes on dandelions were the pleasures of a Victorian child. Reading was a national past time. Parents would show no mercy to their children, but these children were normally spoiled with nannies and toys. Parents had no interest in paying for school but highly thought of education, the children had to work and go to school. Education was very expensive but soon schools were built every six square miles. Children would have weeks, sometimes seasons off of school to go work.
Workhouses were built to create jobs for the poor. The workhouses were built and owned by local churches.
etiquette on the streets
The streets of London were often crowded with people such as peddlers and beggars. Sometimes, homes were so close together that there was barely enough room to walk in between them.
People were proper in bowing, the head should be best; a mere lowering of the eyelids, to some people was viewed as rude; but etiquette does not permit a familiar nod, except between business men, or very intimate friends. In passing and re passing on a public promenade or drive, bows are exchanged only at the first meeting. Carrying accessories is fine, as long they don’t get in the way of others. When walking in the street men shall make room for ladies to walk and younger people for older ones. Ladies must walk on the left side of men when walking on the sidewalk. The men should almost always give an arm to help a lady but never a lady to help a man. Smoking in front of ladies was unacceptable for men. No making remarks about ladies on corners of streets, steps of hotels, or other public places. Woman should walk silently not drawing attention, and bow to friends.
The Crystal Palace
The Crystal palace was a massive building located outside of London. The “palace” was made of glass and cast iron, cast iron is simply iron that has been liquefied then casted into shape. This palace was so large that it housed two living trees inside of itself. The structure was created in 1851 but was later burnt down in the year of 1936. Joseph Paxton and Charles Fox were the architects of the palace. They designed the physical structure, but who was the man to dream of building such a place? (Great Buildings)
Queen Victoria was Great Britain’s monarch at the time of The Great Exhibition. She became Queen at the young age of 18 and has ruled since. She has a husband who’s name is Prince Albert. Prince Albert had the idea of showing off Britain’s manufactured goods along with international goods. Why? you might ask, Britain had just bloomed into a new stage of economy. England was now very industrialized nation, importing goods across the globe. That being said, England wanted to educate the common people about Industry and all of the british goods. (Great Buildings)
What exactly was The Great Exhibition? The Great Exhibition was when Prince Albert ordered exhibits of manufactured goods to be displayed in The Crystal Palace. The Crystal Palace had now become a symbol of British power, and manufacturing. Sadly in 1936 the marvelous palace was burnt down destroying the whole palace. (Great Buildings)
While in the workhouse, people had to work 10-hour days. Once people were sent to the workhouses, they rarely left to find new jobs. Life in the workhouse was harsh. It provided small quantities of food, almost no money, and only necessary clothing.
Mining was a very common occupation among the people of London. The main problem with mining was that it was life-threatening. Boulders collapsed and gas pockets exploded, becoming one of the leading causes of death at the time.
19th century fashion
19th century fashion for men; now a day would be very formal. Unless you were a workman or laborer you were expected to wear a vest, hat, and coat, if you were not wearing that you were ungentlemanly. Most men would have a pocket watch or cane with them. They would wear their pants waist high, sometimes higher. Most of their trousers had stripes or checks patterns on them. No belts just suspenders, and the pants went down to the ankle. Some would wear a frock coat, and some tailcoats. Normally the hats were top hats, such as derbies and bowlers. Under their coats they had vests.
Music was a very popular form of entertainment. When the radio was invented, people were able to listen to music anywhere they went.
Children’s hobbies would include playing with wonderful toys, doll houses, etc., Victorian aged dolls are known to be very beautiful with their wax and china bodies stuffed with wood. Girls could buy accessories for their dolls for a quite high price, The dolls clothes were usually made from satin or silk.
Boys toys were usually rocking chair or toy soldiers, trains etc. Wooden toys were very popular and were easy to make. They were usually covered in a thin paint to decorate the toy. As railways were being developed across the country, wooden trains became very popular along with tin soldiers.
Sports were very popular in The Victorian age since they just made official rules for certain games. Boxing, football, and cricket became a very popular thing for people of all ages to do. Football is soccer, the objective of the game is to kick a ball into the other teams net without using hands. Boxing was fighting with only punching and nothing else. And cricket is a lot like baseball where you try to score points by hitting a ball and running the two bases set for you.
Marbles were very popular to collect and play with at the time. Marbles could be made with glass or clay. Marbles were rounded for sliding along the ground. Some marbles would be very highly decorated for the use of collection while some clay marbles were very ugly.
One of the most interesting parts of the Victorian history was health. Typhoid was a big disease back in the Victorian age, This disease killed Prince Albert.Prince Albert’s death was a big shock because they had not known much of the disease. Drinking bad milk, food, and water caused this disease. Another bad disease was cholera, which came from China on ships. This disease was very similar to typhoid, and came from trash pollution in the streets; the disease would travel through the air. This disease was found north in the industrial cities such as London, in the north they would not use clean water. There were four major outbreaks of cholera and all four killed swiftly.
Dance in the Victorian era was a very cultural, defining activity. Dancing was a very popular thing for all people to do at the time. It expressed your emotions, good or bad, to your partner. Dancing could also help you become closer to you partner through many ways. Dancing is very important to learn about especially since different styles of dance can tell you a lot about how their way of life was.
Dances would normally begin on Saturday evening and go all the way to midnight. Then at midnight, guests would start to wind down. After everyone was settled, the guests would all have a great feast. After a long night of partying hard, everyone would pack up and head home to be prepared for Sunday church.
Dances around this time were very unique. Hosts would hand out cards to all of the guests that came through the doors. These small cards would show the order of dances that they would be doing for the evening. This card would also show what dance partners you had for the ball. In any circumstance, if a guest left his partner without someone to dance with it was very disrespectful.
There are many types of dances, some are very slow and romantic while some can be a little more fast paced and energetic. For example the Polka and the Mazurka were fast paced dances that were very common among dancers. On the other hand, dances such as the Waltz were slower and more romantic. In order to be a good dancer, one would have to be in perfect sync with your partner.
In 1865, the Frenchman, Lallement, created the first real bicycle. It was made entirely out of wood and had two wheels. The front wheel was much larger than wheel in the back of the bicycle. The front wheel had a set of pedals that would propel the bike forward whenever you pedaled. Later on when the first bike needed some improvements, the inventor added rubber tires and iron to the bicycle.
In 1870 the bicycle had drastically changed. It was made completely out of metal this time, the tires had a more solid rubber and the front wheel had gotten way larger with long spokes. The size of the front wheel was created to ensure a smoother ride, while the back wheel was made to control the speed of the bicycle. This cycle was known as “The Ordinary”.
By 1878 bicycles were so popular that almost everyone had one of them. Bicycles had now spread across the world. An American bike company called Columbia appeared on the market and was very successful. New tire ideas kept on emerging out of the blue, striving for a smoother ride. Tilinghast made a tire that was hollow so that air could be pumped into the tire to make riding comfortable.
"19th Century Hobbies and Daily Activities." 19th Century Hobbies and Daily Activities. 1 Jan. 2000. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.victorianbazaar.com/hobbies.html>.
"Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton at GreatBuildings." GreatBuildings. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Crystal_Palace.html>.
"The Great Exhibition." Victoria and Albert Museum, Digital Media Webmaster@vam.ac.uk. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.vam.ac.uk/page/g/great-exhibition/>.
"Rational Dress Reform Fashion History - Mrs Bloomer." Rational Dress Reform, Victorian Bloomers and Cycling Costumes. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.fashion-era.com/rational_dress.htm>.
"Manners Culture and Dress of the Best American Society." Victorian Dancing Etiquette. Http://www.burrows.com/index.html. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.burrows.com/other/manners.html>.
On the first shilling day there were a lot of police there, but on that day no one was arrested. In the five and half months that the great exhibition was open only seven people were arrested. The police that were stationed at the great exhibition were part of the metropolitan police force. 1829 was when the police force was established.
There are four hundred crimes that carry the death penalty. Sir Robert Peel destroyed all the offenses that carried the death penalty, began reform prisons, and also helped set up the metropolitan police.
Peel rather than, punishing criminals he wanted to prevent crime. In a few of Charles Dickens novels which he wrote in the 1840s and 1830s showed how the streets of Britain could be very lawless.
Because of how successful the metro police force was it led to other forces being organized. However it didn't become required for counties to have police forces until 1856. As more laws were passed the police forces duties were extended. Such as in 1872 the licensing act made police supervise public drinking places. However, other aspects of law were changing too.
Even the way criminals were punished changed, there were no more hulk ships which were ships that were anchored that held prisoners. The transportation of criminals slowly went down and the last ship was sent to Australia in 1868. All of these changes led to new prisons where all the prisoner were seperated and not allowed to talk to each other.
Although there was a concern about the police force many people didn't want the police to look like the military This is the reason that police wore top hats and didn't carry rifles on them.
Only the wealthy could have the privilege of horse back riding. This is because they were the only ones with enough money to rent or buy a horse. The people that weren’t as wealthy had to make financial sacrifices to enjoy horseback riding. Gloves, boots, and equestrinne tights were what women needed to wear to go horseback riding. When men went horseback riding they would wear almost the same thing.
The Ashton house consisted of these rooms: parlor, bed chamber, dining room, kitchen, scullery, drawing room, and water closet.
The parlor is the most formal room in the house. The colors of the room are usually blues, however they used to be gold, blues, or dark greens. Heavy drapes go on the window to prevent the sun from fading the furniture and rugs. There is also a fireplace to keep the room cozy in the winter. The room was to show the family’s wealth and to have enough room for all of the guests. You might find decorative floral wallpaper, statuettes, and other art the family may have.
The master bedroom has gone away from darker colors and moved to light colors. Other than the bed your eyes might come upon a wardrobe.
The dining room furniture is usually dark, extra chairs and a tea chart are against the wall.
The kitchen is where all of the food is kept. Usually the kitchen will have two extra chairs for any extra guests. There is also a coal-burning stove to cook some of the food.The coal-burning stove must be constantly cleaned and scraped every day. Pies are kept in a small cabinet called the pie safe.At the back of the kitchen there is an area called the scullery.
In the scullery there is a large metal sink that pots are washed in and messy foods are prepared there. Here all the dishes and metals are cleaned and you will find an ironing board. By the mid 1800s most middle class houses had running water. The water comes into the scullery. Approximately 22 gallons are used in one day and Water comes on most days for a few hours besides on Sunday. The water will come from pipes that the cities have built into the house.
The drawing room is used when large dinner parties were hosted. Men smoke cigars here and play cards. Along the wall is a well filled book case. In one corner is a small table which is used as a desk.
The water closet was used as a bathroom. People were embarrassed of water closets and would a lot of the time try to hide it or disguise it. Often it would be hidden behind a screen or curtain.
Chandler, Malcolm. "Were the Rich Just as Likely to Catch Diseases as the Poor?" A Healthy Nation? Ed. Tom O'Leary and Ysanne Steill-Mcneill. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 14. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nationalarchives.gov.uk%2Feducation%2Fvictorianbritain%2Fhealthy%2Fdefault.htm>.
Etiquette on the street
"Victorian Etiquette - Street Etiquette." Victorian Etiquette - Street Etiquette. Webmaster, 1999. Web. 19 Nov. 2014. <http://www.logicmgmt.com/1876/etiquette/street.htm#Top>.
"Victorian Britain." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/victorian_britain/>.
Children of Victorian parents
Hart, Cynthia, John Grossman, and Priscilla Dunhill. "Victorian Children."Victorian Children. Victorian Scrapbook, n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014. <http://www.victoriaspast.com/ChildrenofVicParents/revisitthepast.html>.
Dining room etiquette
"Dining Room Etiquette." Dining Room Etiquette. Victoriaspast.com, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.victoriaspast.com/DiningRoom/Diningetiquette.htm>.
19th century fashion
"Dressing the PartA Victorian Gentleman's Personal Guide." Gentleman's Emporium. Gentleman's Emporium, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.gentlemansemporium.com/victorian-clothing-guide.php>.
Chandler, Malcolm. "A Caring Nation?" Ed. Tom O. Leary and Ysanne Stiell-McNeill. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nationalarchives.gov.uk%2Feducation%2Fvictorianbritain%2Fcaring%2Fdefault.htm>.
Chandler, Malcolm. "An Industrial Nation?" Ed. Tom O. Leary and Ysanne Stiell-Mcneill. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nationalarchives.gov.uk%2Feducation%2Fvictorianbritain%2Findustrial%2Fdefault.htm>.
Perdue, David A. "David Perdue's Charles Dickens Page - Dickens' London."David Perdue's Charles Dickens Page - Dickens' London. N.p., 1997. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://charlesdickenspage.com/dickens_london.html>.
Perdue, David A. "David Perdue's Charles Dickens Page - Dickens' London Map." David Perdue's Charles Dickens Page - Dickens' London Map. N.p., 1997. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://charlesdickenspage.com/dickens_london_map.html>.
Pickett, Edwin. "The Union Workhouse, a History & Resource." The Union Workhouse, a History & Resource. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.judandk.force9.co.uk/workhouse.html>.
"Victorian Christmas: A Traditional Victorian Instrumental Holiday Celebration - Various Artists | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards | AllMusic." AllMusic. N.p., 2014. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.allmusic.com/album/victorian-christmas-a-traditional-victorian-instrumental-holiday-celebration-mw0002400855>.
The Victorian Era
The Victorian Era
By: Eric Wiederin
& Kevin Castle
Bicycle fashion for women in the Victorian age was very controversial topic. Some people thought that women should not ride bicycles because bikes were causing them to wear shorter skirts.Since people discouraged these thoughts, a tricycle was invented so that women could still ride them without having to wear the "bloomers". Bloomers were the short skirts that women could wear while riding a bicycle.