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THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
Transcript of THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
One of the most outgoing, One Direction-crazy girls you will ever meet! Born and raised in Louisville, Kentucky, Rastogi is currently an 8th grader at Meyzeek Middle School. She has an unbridled passion for music, especially singing and playing guitar. When asked for her feelings about the Armenian Genocide, she commented, "I think it's awful that someone would do that. It's a stupid way of displaying hatred."
An art loving, "elephant-like" girl born in Minneapolis, MN, residing with her parents in Louisville. She attends Meyzeek as well, in the same class as Rastogi and Lapinski. Kannan is an aspiring artist, dreaming of becoming an animator when she grows up. According to her, the genocide was "extremely pointless with no feasible reason whatsoever; the Young Turks murdered over a million."
Lapinski lives with her family of 5 in Louisville, studying as an 8th with the two girls mentioned before. She is very fond of learning multiple languages and about the countries and cultures of the world, so this subject was one that impacted her deeply. “To think that in present-day Turkey, citizens are banned from saying the Armenian Genocide ever existed. To deny the facts makes the genocide so much worse and over-thought than it should be.”
Meet the Undercover Unicorns!
By Lindsey Lapinski, Aditi Kannan, and Netra Rastogi
1. Approximately how many people died during the Armenian Genocide?
A. 1 million
B. 2 million
C. 1.5 million
D. 1.8 million
2. What year did the Armenian Genocide start?
3. When did the Armenian Genocide end?
4. Who was the genocide between?
1. C. About 1.5 million people were killed during the Armenian Genocide
2. It started in 1915
3. The Armenian Genocide ended in 1923
4. It was between the Turks and Armenians
Hope you enjoyed!
Project by Aditi Kannan, Lindsey Lapinski, and Netra Rastogi.
The 5 W's of the Armenian Genocide
who, what, where, when, why
Who - The Young Turks were trying to kill off the Armenian population
What - The Armenian Genocide
Where - What was once known as the Ottoman Empire
When - 1915 to 1923
Why - No one knows the real answer to this, however there are some suspicions that it was over religion or the desire for more territory.
How it Started
The Armenians were treated unfairly for being Christians
A nationalist group called the Young Turks gave the Armenians more freedom when they came into power.
Three Young Turks, Mehmed Talaat, Ismail Enver, and Ahmed Djemal, formed a triumvirate and took dictatorship over the Turkish government.
These three, using the excuse that the Armenians were Christians, raised many suspicions and negative ideas about the Armenians.
World War I
The real beginning
As World War I rolled around, the Turks began their actions of eliminating the Armenians
The Young Turks sided with the Central Powers, and considering the Armenians helped the Russians, who happened to be on the opposing side, decided that this would the perfect excuse for a massacre.
They forcibly took all of the Armenians' weapons, and on April 24, 1915, executed around 300 Armenian generals and important scholars.
Many Armenian men were rounded up and shot or whipped by death squads.
Women, children, and the elderly were given a little time to collect their belongings to be deported to a "safe zone," but instead, were forced on death marches to Syria. An estimated 75% of people on these marches died.
Those who survived these brutal journeys were either burned alive or thrown off cliffs.
End of World War I
Turks were defeated by American and Russian troops, pushing them out of Armenian territory.
In May of 1918, Turks once again invaded and killed over 100,000 more Armenians.
Armenians revolted, and after a long battle, eventually defeated the more powerful Turks.
Two years later, in 1920, the Treaty of Sevres, which granted freedom to the Armenians, was signed by the Allied Powers, the Republic of Turkey, and the Republic of Armenia.
Soon after, the Turkish leaders who signed the treaty were overthrown, and a new nationalist leader, Mustafa Kemal, came into power, expelling the rest of the population.
After the Bulk of the Genocide...
When the new leader of Turkey started exterminating the remaining Armenians, no one from the Allied Powers came to their aid.
Only a tiny portion of the easternmost area of historic Armenia survived by becoming part of the Soviet Union.
After the successful obliteration of the Armenian people, the Turks practically destroyed all traces of the nearly dead 3000 year old civilization, burning old libraries and archives.
The Story of an Armenian Genocide Survivor
Effects of the Armenian Genocide
The Genocide resulted in approximately 1.5 million Armenian deaths
Ethnic Cleansing vs. the Millet System: The Ottoman Empire was an ethnically mixed empire. Minorities such as Slavs, Greeks, Jews, and Armenians were found throughout the Empire.
Armenian Intellectualism and Independence: Many of Armenia's finest intellectuals at the time were kidnapped and murdered, leading to a temporary vacuum in Armenian leadership and an inability for the region to declare independence. The remaining part of Armenia was occupied by the Soviet Union from that point up until 1991.
Turkish Identity & Diplomatic Issues: Turkey still refuses to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide, which has made it difficult to establish diplomatic relations between the two countries.
Holocaust: Hitler once quipped to stifle a critic of the Final Solution to exterminate the Jewish people, "Who remembers the Armenians?" It was the international community's lack of widespread condemnation of the Armenian Genocide that helped to make the Holocaust viable.
An Armenian Family
The Death March to Syrian Desert
(And now to the biographies.)
Some Turks standing over the bodies of dead Armenians