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5-2 Pilgrims Found Plymouth Colony
Transcript of 5-2 Pilgrims Found Plymouth Colony
Section 2: Pilgrims Found Plymouth Colony
Puritans and Separatists
England was a Protestant country since 1534, when King Henry VIII formed the Anglican Church.
People became unhappy with the church.
Puritans wanted to change or "purify" the Anglican Church from within; remained members.
Separatists disapproved so much they left the church and worshiped by themselves.
In 1608, a group of Separatists moved to the Netherlands to seek religious tolerance.
Called themselves Pilgrims, travelers with a religious goal.
Starting the Plymouth Colony
Separatists wanted to move to America and establish their own community based on religious freedom.
They found other English Separatists and gained a charter from the London Company to set up in Virginia.
Businessman John Carver arranged financial backing and found a seaworthy ship, the Mayflower.
About 100 men, women and children sailed across the Atlantic from September to November 9, 1620 - landed at the tip of Cape Cod, coast of present-day Massachusetts.
The Mayflower Compact
Landed far from Virginia, outside the area of the charter.
To establish law and discipline, pilgrim leaders made an agreement before going ashore.
41 men signed The Mayflower Compact, which set up a form of self-government.
John Carver - chosen as first governor.
Landing at Plymouth
After nearly 1 month, in late December, Pilgrims settled at Plymouth.
Harsh winter - another "starving time." By spring almost half had died.
Those that survived helped keep the colony alive, including William Bradford, the second governor.
Native Americans and the Pilgrims
A Native American named Samoset greeted the Pilgrims and introduced them to Massasoit, chief of the Wampanoags.
A Wampanoag named Squanto taught the Pilgrims to hunt, plant corn, and where to catch fish. Also interpreted for them, helping to maintain peace.
Pilgrims had an abundant harvest in 1621, referred to as the first Thanksgiving in the colonies.
1621 - Council for New England granted the Pilgrims a charter for Plymouth.