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Copy of Copy of BIM USE Ontology

provides a shared vocabulary used to model the Uses of BIM
by

Desak Mika

on 24 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of BIM USE Ontology

A BIM Use can be defined as a method of applying Building Information Modeling during a facility’s lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives BIM USE ONTOLOGY Ralph Kreider No common language of the Uses
of Building Information Modeling THE PROBLEM THE PROCESS Complete Validation - Nov 15, 2012
Draft Dissertation - Jan 15, 2012
Defend - Feb 21, 2012 Schedule BIM Uses to generate new information about the facility Authoring to make an element using facility information Executing to handle or direct the use of facility information Managing to present information about a facility in a method in which it can be shared or exchanged Communicating to examine aspects of the facility to gain a better understanding Analyzing to determine the need for and select specific facility elements including spaces Prescribing to determine the location and arrangement of facility elements including spaces Configuring to determine the size and scale of facility elements. Fit for purpose Scaling to ensure the efficiency and harmony of the relationship of facility elements Coordinating to check or prove the accuracy of facility information and that it is logical and reasonable Validating to predict the future performance of the facility and facility elements Forecasting to ensure the spacial efficiency of facility elements Geometric to ensure the sequencing of install of facility elements Temporal to plan an event to take place a particular time Scheduling to predict future energy use of the facility or facility elements Energy to predict the circulation of facility elements (Systems) Flow to predict the future monetary elements of the facility Financial to predict the performance of the facility or facility elements over time Temporal to predict possible situations with the facility such as crowd flow, evacuation procedures, and other events Scenario to ensure the facility contains the necessary element including spaces to meet the desired function Prescription to ensure facility is able to be constructed, operated, and perform its established purpose effectively Functionality to ensure facility meets established requirements such as Code, Sustainability, and Safety Compliance to form an image of a facility or facility elements Visualizing to generate objects with intelligence to emulate the facility and facility elements Modeling to make a symbolic representation of the facility and facility elements Drawing to create a written record of the facility data Documenting to describe or identify facility elements precisely or state the precise requirements for a facility element Specifying should this be the title of the class to add to notes to give further explanation of facility information Annotating ? Detailing to Use facility information to fit together the separate components of a facility Assembling to use facility information to manufacture elements of a facility Fabricating to follow and note the facility elements including spaces Tracking to bring facility information into working condition and prepare for future use Commissioning to facility information to control the operation of a facility element or executing equipment Regulating to represent or preserve the status of the facility, facility elements, and facility data Capturing to express or measure the amount of a facility element Quantifying to observe the performance of facility elements and systems Monitoring Temporal Financial Element Level One (Inputing, processing, Outputing) - Level Two (Secondary Purpose) - Level Three (Tertiary Purpose) - Element- Phase - Discipline Ensure that the ontology is comprehensive, consistent, extensible, and easy to use. VALIDATION What is the Purpose for implementing a BIM Use?
What classifies as a BIM Use?
What are the specific BIM Uses?
What are the important attributes of each BIM Use?
How do the BIM Uses relate to one another?
What are the major classes of BIM Uses?
Is there a logical class hierarchy for the BIM Uses?
Is the ontology applicable to the domain of BIM Uses? Competency Questions Mapped 550 BIM Uses to ensure that all Uses fit within Ontological Structure
Mapping Tested Validation Procedure with CIC Research Group Piloting Validation Procedure Researched established ontological structures
Ensured consistency with established methodology and structures
Documented differences Comparison Expert Review Focus Group Meetings Projects
Organizations Implementation Industry acceptance of ontology
Acceptance into the national BIM Standard
buildingSmart alliance Accreditation 2 Hour Sessions
3 Total Sessions
Personnel
Note Taker
Group Leader
Observer (Myself)
5 Participants Logistics Reviewed Interview Session Objectives
Reviewed Ontology Objective and Scope
Reviewed BIM Use Ontology
Explored and Mappped additional
BIM Uses
Evaluated through Survey 1 to 1.5 Hours
1 on 1
at least 10 to 15 Interviews Logistics Penn State Office of Physical Plant
Trammell Crow
MBP
USACE
AOC
NIH Potential Organizations The common elements between BIM Uses Attributes Objective Definition Aliases What is the ontology on and about? Define Domain
and Scope Collect information on the Uses of BIM Knowledge
Acquisition Document Terms Integrate Terms A comprehensive list of software from survey
Determine the core functions of each software Software Analysis Industry Experts Content Analysis Compiling List Define Terms Group Similar Terms Define Classes Determine Hierarchy Documentation The Uses
of
Building Information Modeling Program Validation
Design Validation
Sustainability
FFE
Prefabrication
Safety
Design Coordination
QTO
4D Scheduling
Field Documentation
Site Logistics
Laser Scanning
Model Based Layout
Virtual Mock ups
Clash detection
As-builts
Facility Information Model
Augmented/Immersive Reality
Site Selection/Location planning
Site Suitability/Alternatives analysis
Site circulation/parking/vehicle routing
Permitting/zoning review
Visualization - Building Skins
Visualization - Textures
View Shed analysis
Drainage analysis
Erosion control analysis
Height analysis
Airspace encroachments
Shadow analysis (solar potential)
Security planning
Evacuation routing
Temporal Analysis Historical
Temporal Analysis Existing
Temporal Analysis Future
Economic Analysis
Demographics
Soil Conditions
Transportation
Source locations of building products (LEED analysis)
Emergency Management/Security
Total Cost of Ownership/Lifecycle Analysis
GIS-based Facilities management (maintain 3-D architectural/structural models)
MEP/data network routing/analysis
Space Management/optimization
Move management
Asset management
Public Safety - Security
Public Safety - Fire Protection
Public Safety - Evacuation routing
Public Safety - Hazardous materials storage
Way-Finding - Proximity/routing
Way-Finding - ADA compliant routes
Interior Space analyses - Areas (organizational, operations, leasing, etc.)
Interior Space analyses - Elevation
Interior Space analyses - Volumes
Energy Management - Real-time sensor display
Energy Management - Environmental contaminant analysis
Existing As-built architectural/structural models
Existing As-built MEP/data networks
Security planning
Evacuation routing
Existing Conditions Modeling
Cost Estimation
Phase Planning
4D Modeling
Programming
Site Analysis
Design Review
Design Authoring
Structural Analysis
Lighting Analysis
Energy Analysis
Mechanical Analysis
Engineering Analysis
LEED Evaluation
Sustainability Evaluation 01 Generating The Generating class of BIM Uses is those Uses in which the facility information is created.
01 Self-Generating to create facility information without human interact exception establishing parameters.
02 Authoring to create information about the facility design
03 Programming to determine need for facility spaces
04 Scheduling to determine the need for and prescribe specific facility elements
05 Laying out to determine location and arrangement of facility elements
02 Processing to change facility information from one state to another
01 Coordinating to bring different facility elements into a relationship that will ensure efficiency or harmony
02 Forecasting to predict the future performance of the facility
01 Schedule to plan an event to take place at a particular time
02 Temporal to predict the performance of the facility or facility elements over time
03 Flow to predict the circulation of the facility systems
04 Scenario to predict possible situations within the facility such as crowd flow, evacuation procedures and other disasters
05 Financial to predict the future monetary elements of the facility
06 Energy to predict future energy use of the facility or facility elements
03 Analyzing to methodically examine elements of the facility to gain a better understanding of it 
04 Validation to check or prove accuracy of facility information and that is logical and reasonable
01 Program (Space) to ensure facility contains the necessary space to meet its desired function
02 Element to ensure the facility contains the necessary facility elements to support the facility such as MEP equipment
03 Sustainability to ensure the facility is designed, constructed, and operated sustainability
04 Constructability / Operability to ensure facility is able to constructed and operated effectively
05 Usability to an ensure the facility can perform its established purpose effectively
06 Code to ensure facility meets established codes
03 Communicating to share or exchange facility information
01 Visualizing  to form an image of a facility or facility elements
02 Modeling to generate objects with intelligence to allow the model objects to emulate the actual facility element
03 Drawing to make a symbolic representation of the facility and facility elements
01 Annotating to add to notes to give further explanation of facility information
04 Documenting to create a record of facility information
01 Condition  to communicate the current status of the facility and facility elements
02 Specifying to describe or identify facility elements precisely or state the precise requirements for a facility element
04 Executing to put into effect facility information
01 Controlling to use facility information to regulate executing equipment
02 Assembling to use facility information to fit together the separate components of a facility
03 Fabricating to use facility information to manufacture the elements of a facility
05 Managing to handle or direct the use of facility information
01 Tracking to follow and note the facility elements including spaces
02 Monitoring to observe the performance of facility systems
03 Regulating to control the operation of facility elements
04 Gathering  to collect, to bring together facility information
01 Quantifying to express or measure the amount of a facility element
02 Condition documenting   to record the state of the facility or facility elements
05 Commissioning to bring facility informatino into working condition and prepare for future use Program Validation
Design Validation
Sustainability
FFE
Prefabrication
Safety
Design Coordination
QTO
4D Scheduling
Field Documentation
Site Logistics
Laser Scanning
Model Based Layout
Virtual Mock ups
Clash detection
As-builts
Facility Information Model
Augmented/Immersive Reality
Site Selection/Location planning
Site Suitability/Alternatives analysis
Site circulation/parking/vehicle routing
Permitting/zoning review
Visualization - Building Skins
Visualization - Textures
View Shed analysis

Site Logistics
Field verification
Facilities Deliverables
Space Management and Validation
Record Modeling
 3D Coordination
Design Authoring
Energy Analysis
Design Reviews
Programming
Current Working Estimate divided by the Programmed Amount
Commissioning
Sustainable Design
Sustainable Documentation
  3D Trade Coordination and Digital Fabrication
4D Scheduling
Site Logistics Model
Detailed Modeling
programming
design coordination
subtrade coordination
drawing production
quantity take off (for field production planning using Location Based Scheduling)
scheduling (model-based CPM and LBS
 prefabrica Representativeness CQ Mapping Comparison Expert Review Focus Groups Implementation TOTAL Completeness Consistency Ease of Use Terms Definitions Structure Attributes 4 4 3 3 5 5 3 4 METHOD vs VALIDATION John does not like
What is the difference between modeling and visualizing Coordination???? analysis"
"Design confi guration/
scenario planning"
"Building system
analysis/simulation"
"Design communication/
review"
"Quantity takeoff and
cost estimation"
"Design coordination
(clash detection)"
Schedule simulation/4D
Project controls
Prefabrication
Pro forma analysis
Operation simulation
"Commissioning and
asset management"
Cost Reliability and Management
Sustainability
Schedule Management
automate design,
simulate operations
offsite fabrication.
"visual
simulation"
Design Assessment
spatial analysis.
programmatic requirements
rapid spatial anlysis
rendered walkthrough
4D snapshot
reviewing
Real-time confi guration,
Simulate facility operations
crowd behavior
emergency evacuation scenarios
energy analysis
prefabrication
3D coordination
"constructability
analysis"
Building Commissioning
populate a facility management database
BIM asset management
4D financial model
design coordination
BIM Estimating Tools
Space object support
Merging capabilities.
Updating.
Sensor and control monitoring.
hospital procedure simulation
emergency evacuation or response simulations
real-time visualization or rendering tools
Financial asset management data
As-built schedule and cost information
Manufactured product information
Spaces and functions
Emergency information
Activity status
Sensor data
"facilities management
work orders"
appraisal
"facilities management
work orders"
Pro Forma Analysis
Scenario Exploration
Program Compliance
Building Performance
Operation Simulation
Code Compliance
Cost
Coordination
Schedule
Prefabrication
Configuration
Commissioning
Facility Management
Financial Asset management
Operation Simulation
As–Built
Configuration (retrofit)
External lighting and signage
External building cleaning and maintenance
Landscaping, fountains, and planting
Accessibility assessment
Cost estimation
Design and analysis/simulation of all building systems,
Structure
Mechanical and air handling systems
Emergency alarm/control systems
Lighting
Acoustics
Curtain wall systems
Energy conservation and air quality
Vertical and horizontal circulation
Security
Site planning, including parking, drainage, roadways
Analysis of primary functions
Financial and cash fl ow analyses
Construction documentation
BIM for design and analysis
conceptual design,
design for fabrication.”
spatial area
"functional and
economic viability"
"development of
the building program"
3D Sketching
Lighting simulator
Energy analysis
Solar radiation analysis
Reverberation time acoustic analysis
"General interface for multiple computational fl uid dynamic
analyses"
Heat loss and gain
Heating and cooling loads
Dynamic thermal simulation
HVAC plant simulation
Sun shading
Simulates natural ventilation and mixed-mode systems
Interior computational fl uid dynamics application
Value engineering
Capital cost estimates
Estimates lifetime operating costs
Ductwork layout and sizing
Pipework systems
Building evacuation
Elevator simulation
Energy simulation
Energy simulation
Equipment simulation
Building product information
Space layout
Space Names for Assessment
Space program validation:
Preliminary circulation and security assessment:
Preliminary energy analysis:
Preliminary cost estimate
Conceptual Design
as-built conditions
laser scanning
point clouds
surveying  3D Coordination
Design Authoring
Energy Analysis
Design Reviews
Programming
Current Working Estimate divided by the Programmed Amount
Commissioning
Sustainable Design
Sustainable Documentation
  3D Trade Coordination and Digital Fabrication
4D Scheduling
Site Logistics Model
Detailed Modeling
programming
design coordination
subtrade coordination
drawing production
quantity take off (for field production planning using Location Based Scheduling)
scheduling (model-based CPM and LBS
 prefabrication 
logistics
Trimble control and layout (OSHPD project actually building and validating install to the model, paper follows the model - is formality for OSHPD's sake)
change management
field verified as-builting
commissioning (pushing/pulling information between Tekla and database)
all "Information" rolling into FM (CMMS and CAFM)
Energy Analysis
Sustainablity Analysis
Water Planning
grey water reuse
air quality
eqonomic/traffic planning
lighting planning and automation
Systems Layout
Systems Analysis
MEP Analysis
Discipline Ananlysis
BIM Model Creation Tools (Class)
takeoff
Specifications
Energy Analysis
Clash dectection
4D simulation
Work packet coordination
Quantity take-offs
Supports automated fabrication
Interfaces to multiple structural analysis tools
"Interfaces to multiple structural
analysis tools"
Erectability checks
Supports automated fabrication
Automatic connection design
Automated Design
Generative Design
Synchronized schedules
Duct and pipe sizing/pressure calculations
HVAC and electrical system design
Conduit and cable tray modeling
Synchronized schedules
Interfaces for fabrication
Automatic duct sizing based on space demands
Electrical circuit manager
Interference checking
Radiator sizing and number
Systems Distriubution Routing and Sizing
Plumbing pipe sizing
Exchange data with energy analysis
Feeder and branch circuiting
Automated circuiting and labeling
Online design checks for circuit load, length, and number of devices
Automated fixture arrangement
Bidirectional links to third-party lighting analysis programs:
detailed framing and derivation of a cut lumber schedule,
framing and structural layout
automated reinforcing layout and connections
model generation
drawing production
specification wirting
cost estimation
clash and error detection
energy analysis
rendering
scheduling
visualization
quanitity takeoffs
connection detailing
Coordination is above clash detection
System Routing
Complex Curved Surface Modeling:
issue tracking
structural
energy
lighting,
costs
Analysis
clash detection and issues tracking for design coordination;
purchasing and materials tracking
task and equipment scheduling for construction.
Data Exchange
building model generation
fabrication-level building systems,
Drawing Generation
Drawing Production
Structural
Mechanical
Energy and environmental:
Visualization:
Facility management:
site analysis,
manufacturing components
site planning.
quantity takeoff for cost estimation
4D simulation
scheduling and quantity takeoffs
specifi cations
conceptual design tools
Model Authoring
Generative Components
2D detailing and annotation
4D simulation.
landscaping tool,
lighting simulation
structural engineering.
full detail editing
automated fabrication.
CNC fabrication
Structural design and analysis of reinforced concrete
Structural design and analysis
Structural analysis
Jobsite layout,
survey equipment
Product and technical information for manufacturers and distributors
Project management
conceptual design from a cost of constructio
operating cost basis
"Space planning and
program compliance" Construction documentation
BIM Base Lean Construction
BIM for Engineering
BIM for Architectural
BIM for Structural
Structural 3D Modeling
3D Model for Wood Structure
Steel Structural Detailing
BIM for Precast Concrete
BIM For Constrion
Quantity Take-off /Estimating
Cost Engineer with BIM
Construction Scheduling
Substantial Building Design
3D Wire Frame Modeling
BIM For Fabrication
Coordination Clash Detection
Creation of 3D Model to 2D
Generate Qualified Leads
Digital Project Viewer
3D Geometry Building
2D Drafting and Detailing
BIM in Construction Industry
BIM Service for Building Owners
BIM Service for Contractor
Requirements of Typical Job
Scheduling with BIM
Shop Drawing
Steel Detailing
Application of BIM for public projects
Pre-Design and Programming
RFP Competition
Site Conditions - Existing Conditions and New Construction
Architectural Model - Spatial and Material Design Models
System Models - Structural and MEPF design
Cost estimation
4D Scheduling and Sequencing
5D Estimation
Energy Consumption Simulation and Life-Cycle Cost Analysis
Design Visualization
Present architectural Design
Space utilization
3D clash detection and interference management
4D clash detection and interference management
Cost estimation or management
Safety analysis of management
Present scheduling as 4D animation
Energy analysis or management
Structural analysis
Engage neighbors or users in understanding construction process
Enhance submittal / shop drawing review
Enhance shop fabrication process
Drive shop fabrication process
communication
visualization
rendering
coordination
4D sequencing
site logistics
field verification
facilities deliverables
Pro Forma Analysis
Scenario Exploration
Program Compliance
Building Proformance
Operation Simualtion
Cost
Coordination
Schedule
Prefabrication
Configuration
Commisioning
Facility Management
Financial Asset Management
Opeation Simuation
Build
Retrofit
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Check against program
Drawing and Document Production
Drawing Generation
Site Analysis Report indifferences in 3D project models and tract project status
Identify communicate and manage changes
Digital Technology Integration
BIM 3D parametric modeling
3D architectural visualization
3D architectural rendering
3d architectural modeling
3D model clash detection
Mechanical inference modeling
BIM & 3D coordination modeling
Interactive Visualization
Virtual Modeling
Constructability Modeling
Structural 3D Model Steel Detailing
Structural Drafting
Steel connection Detailing
Steel Fabrication Detailing
BIM As-Built Documents
BIM Virtual Modeling/Mock up
BIM Management
BIM Facility Management
Design Analyzing with BIM
Energy Modeling with BIM
Post Occupancy Management
BIM Content Development

Existing Conditions Modeling
Lighting Analysis
3D Coordination
quanitity Takeoffs
Cost Estimation
Pre-Design
Cost Estimating
Quantity Take-off
Early Energy Analysis
Code Analysis
Toliet Fixture Counts
Occupancy Analysis
Clash Detection
Construction Phase
Early Design
LEED Documentation
Energy Analysis
Communication
Visulaization
Rendering
Coordination
4D Sequencing
Site Logistics
Field verification
Facilities Deliverables
Space Management and Validation
Record Modeling

"Energy (environmental)

Analysis/Simulation
acoustic analysis
air fl ow simulations
Lighting simulation
"Analysis of Conformance to Building Code Requirements
and Regulations"
"Building Functional
Analysis"
Structural Analysis
Energy Analysis
"Mechanical Equipment
Simulation"
Space Program Validation
Cost Estimation
Target costing
Simulating Organizational Performance within Facilities
simulating people flows
building systems layout
Mechanical & HVAC layout
Electrical layout
Piping layout
Elevators/Escalators layout
Site Planning layout
Structural layout
trip analyses
Drawing Markup
Version Comparision
Problem Identification
Systems Layout include Temporary facilities
Construction Systems Layout
BUILDING OBJECT MODELS Code Validation
3D Coordination
Site Utilization Planning
Construction System Design
Digital Fabrication
3D Control and Planning
Record Modeling
Building Maintenance Scheduling
Building System Analysis
Asset Management
Space Management / Tracking
Disaster Planning
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Project Communication and Model Review Tools
Model Viewing and Review
Model Servers
Facility and Asset Management Tools
Operation Simulation Tools
Space Planning
Analysis/Simulation Software
Cost Estimation
Collaboration
Experimental Design Using a Design ‘Workbench’
Building System Layouts
Drawing and Document Production
Specifications
Design - Construction Integration
Design Review
Clash Detection
Quantity Takeoff and Cost Estimating
Construction Analysis and Cost Estimating
Cost and Schedule Control
Offsite Fabrication
Verification, Guidance, and Tracking of Construction Activities
Spatial Program Validation
3D Laser Scanning
4D Phasing
Energy Performance and Operations
Circulation and Security Validation
Space and Medical Equipment Validation
Architecture – Spatial and Material Design Models
Energy Analysis
Design Visualization for Communication, Functional Analysis, & Constructability
Building System Models – Structural, MEPF, and Interiors
Master plan Space Scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
Communication of Construction scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
COBIE/Commissioning
Clash Detection/Coordination
Virtual Testing and Balancing
Evaluating physical security & survivability
Early MEP design
3D – Virtual functionality viewing and testing of the design
5D – Material take-offs & cost estimating
Creating a interactive virtual workspace for the Design Team to achieve integrated design goals
Integrating information, e.g., electronic specifications that are tied to the BIM
Achieving automated code checking
Repeatable modular construction components to speed construction erection time
Modular construction & off-site fabrication
Visualization
Fabrication/shop drawings
Code reviews
Forensic analysis
Facilities management
Cost estimating
Construction sequencing
Conflict, interference and collision detection
Visualization
Scope Clarification
Partial Trade Coordination
Collision Detection/Avoidance
Design Validation
Construction Sequencing Planning/Phasing Plans/
Logistics
Marketing Presentations
Options Analysis
Value Engineering Analysis
Walk-throughs and Fly-through
Virtual Mock-Ups
Sight Line Studies
2D conversions
3D designs
4D Model
5D Model
Creating and Reviewing 3D Models
3D Modeling
Virtual Building
Architecture Design
2D and 3D Production Management
Combining and Reviewing 3D Modeling
Combine Designs into one model Temporal Analysis Existing
Temporal Analysis Future
Economic Analysis
Demographics
Soil Conditions
Transportation
Source locations of building products (LEED analysis)
Emergency Management/Security
Total Cost of Ownership/Lifecycle Analysis
GIS-based Facilities management (maintain 3-D architectural/structural models)
MEP/data network routing/analysis
Space Management/optimization
Move management
Asset management
Public Safety - Security
Public Safety - Fire Protection
Public Safety - Evacuation routing
Public Safety - Hazardous materials storage
Way-Finding - Proximity/routing
Way-Finding - ADA compliant routes
Interior Space analyses - Areas (organizational, operations, leasing, etc.)
Interior Space analyses - Elevation
Interior Space analyses - Volumes
Energy Management - Real-time sensor display
Energy Management - Environmental contaminant analysis
Existing As-built architectural/structural models
Existing As-built MEP/data networks
Security planning
Evacuation routing
Existing Conditions Modeling
Cost Estimation
Phase Planning
4D Modeling
Programming
Site Analysis

Combining and Reviewing 3D Modeling
Combine Designs into one model
Report indifferences in 3D project models and tract project status
Identify communicate and manage changes
Digital Technology Integration
BIM 3D parametric modeling
3D architectural visualization
3D architectural rendering
3d architectural modeling
3D model clash detection
Mechanical inference modeling
BIM & 3D coordination modeling
Interactive Visualization
Virtual Modeling
Constructability Modeling
Structural 3D Model Steel Detailing
Structural Drafting
Steel connection Detailing
Steel Fabrication Detailing
BIM As-Built Documents
BIM Virtual Modeling/Mock up
BIM Management
BIM Facility Management
Design Analyzing with BIM
Energy Modeling with BIM
Post Occupancy Management
BIM Content Development
Construction documentation
BIM Base Lean Construction
BIM for Engineering
BIM for Architectural
BIM for Structural
Structural 3D Modeling
3D Model for Wood Structure
Steel Structural Detailing
BIM for Precast Concrete
BIM For Constrion
Quantity Take-off /Estimating
Cost Engineer with BIM
Construction Scheduling
Substantial Building Design
3D Wire Frame Modeling
BIM For Fabrication
Coordination Clash Detection Drainage analysis
Erosion control analysis
Height analysis
Airspace encroachments
Shadow analysis (solar potential)
Security planning
Evacuation routing
Temporal Analysis Historical

Creation of 3D Model to 2D
Generate Qualified Leads
Digital Project Viewer
3D Geometry Building
2D Drafting and Detailing
BIM in Construction Industry
BIM Service for Building Owners
BIM Service for Contractor
Requirements of Typical Job
Scheduling with BIM
Shop Drawing
Steel Detailing
Application of BIM for public projects
Pre-Design and Programming
RFP Competition
Site Conditions - Existing Conditions and New Construction
Architectural Model - Spatial and Material Design Models
System Models - Structural and MEPF design
Cost estimation
4D Scheduling and Sequencing
5D Estimation
Energy Consumption Simulation and Life-Cycle Cost Analysis
Design Visualization
Present architectural Design
Space utilization
3D clash detection and interference management
4D clash detection and interference management
Cost estimation or management
Safety analysis of management
Present scheduling as 4D animation
Energy analysis or management
Structural analysis
Engage neighbors or users in understanding construction process
Enhance submittal / shop drawing review
Enhance shop fabrication process
Drive shop fabrication process
communication
visualization
rendering
coordination
4D sequencing
site logistics
field verification
facilities deliverables
Pro Forma Analysis
Scenario Exploration
Program Compliance
Building Proformance
Operation Simualtion
Cost
Coordination
Schedule
Prefabrication
Configuration
Commisioning
Facility Management
Financial Asset Management
Opeation Simuation
Build
Retrofit
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Check against program
Drawing and Document Production
Drawing Generation
Site Analysis
Existing Conditions Modeling
Lighting Analysis
3D Coordination
quanitity Takeoffs
Cost Estimation
Pre-Design
Cost Estimating
Quantity Take-off
Early Energy Analysis
Code Analysis
Toliet Fixture Counts
Occupancy Analysis
Clash Detection
Construction Phase
Early Design
LEED Documentation
Energy Analysis
Communication
Visulaization
Rendering
Coordination
4D Sequencing Design Review
Design Authoring
Structural Analysis
Lighting Analysis
Energy Analysis
Mechanical Analysis
Engineering Analysis
LEED Evaluation
Sustainability Evaluation
Code Validation
3D Coordination
Site Utilization Planning
Construction System Design
Digital Fabrication
3D Control and Planning
Record Modeling
Building Maintenance Scheduling
Building System Analysis
Asset Management
Space Management / Tracking
Disaster Planning
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Project Communication and Model Review Tools
Model Viewing and Review
Model Servers
Facility and Asset Management Tools
Operation Simulation Tools
Space Planning
Analysis/Simulation Software
Cost Estimation
Collaboration
Experimental Design Using a Design ‘Workbench’
Building System Layouts
Drawing and Document Production
Specifications
Design - Construction Integration
Design Review
Clash Detection
Quantity Takeoff and Cost Estimating
Construction Analysis and Cost Estimating
Cost and Schedule Control
Offsite Fabrication
Verification, Guidance, and Tracking of Construction Activities
Spatial Program Validation
3D Laser Scanning
4D Phasing
Energy Performance and Operations
Circulation and Security Validation
Space and Medical Equipment Validation
Architecture – Spatial and Material Design Models
Energy Analysis
Design Visualization for Communication, Functional Analysis, & Constructability
Building System Models – Structural, MEPF, and Interiors
Master plan Space Scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
Communication of Construction scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
COBIE/Commissioning
Clash Detection/Coordination
Virtual Testing and Balancing
Evaluating physical security & survivability
Early MEP design
3D – Virtual functionality viewing and testing of the design
5D – Material take-offs & cost estimating
Creating a interactive virtual workspace for the Design Team to achieve integrated design goals
Integrating information, e.g., electronic specifications that are tied to the BIM
Achieving automated code checking
Repeatable modular construction components to speed construction erection time
Modular construction & off-site fabrication
Visualization
Fabrication/shop drawings
Code reviews
Forensic analysis
Facilities management
Cost estimating
Construction sequencing
Conflict, interference and collision detection
Visualization
Scope Clarification
Partial Trade Coordination
Collision Detection/Avoidance
Design Validation
Construction Sequencing Planning/Phasing Plans/
Logistics
Marketing Presentations
Options Analysis
Value Engineering Analysis
Walk-throughs and Fly-through
Virtual Mock-Ups
Sight Line Studies
2D conversions
3D designs
4D Model
5D Model
Creating and Reviewing 3D Models
3D Modeling
Virtual Building
Architecture Design
2D and 3D Production Management Elements Determined by the organization implementing Factors Resources Benefits Maturity Tools Elements which further define the Use Defining Conception Stage
Project Delivery Selection Stage
Design Stage Phase Roles Substructure
Shell
Interiors
Service
Equipment and Furnishings
Special Construction and Demolition
Sitework
Element LoD Tested Interview Procedure Tested Focus Group Meeting Future Work Completed On Going sizing Consistency To preform a physical task using facility information BIM Uses Definition: Authoring Analyzing Communicating Executing Managing Programming, Specifying Completion Demolition Excavation Substructure Superstructure Exterior Interiors Existing Objective: to generate new
information about the facility Objective: to examine aspects of the facility
to gain a better understanding Objective: to handle or direct
the use of facility information Objective: to present information about a facility in a method in which it can be shared or exchanged Objective: to make or control an physical
element using facility information BIM Uses: Energy Analysis Air Distribution Prescribing to determine the need for and select specific facility elements including spaces the methods of applying Building
Information Modeling during a facility’s
lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives. Objective: Laying out, Arranging, Locating Configuring to determine the location and arrangement of facility elements including spaces Objective: Scaling, Engineering, Sizing to determine the magnitude and scale of facility elements Objective: Coordinating to ensure the efficiency and harmony of the relationship of facility elements Objective: Checking, Confirming Validating to check or prove the accuracy of facility information and that it is logical and reasonable Objective: Simulating, Predicting Forecasting to predict the future performance of the facility and facility elements Objective: Reviewing, Rendering Visualizing to form an image of a facility or facility elements Objective: Parametric Modeling Modeling to generate objects with intelligence to emulate the facility and facility elements Objective: Annotating, Detailing Drawing Objective: Specifying Documenting to create a written record of the facility information Objective: Controlling Regulating to use facility information to control the operation of a facility element or executing equipments Objective: Prefabricating Assembling to use facility information to
put together the separate components of a facility Objective: Manufacturing Fabricating to use facility information to manufacture elements of a facility Objective: Collecting Capturing to represent or preserve the status of the facility, facility elements, and facility data Objective: Tracking to follow and note the facility elements including spaces Objective: Planning, Logistics, 4D Modeling Scheduling to plan an event to take
place a particular time Objective: Observing Monitoring to observe the performance of facility elements and systems Objective: Quantity Take-Off Quantifying to express or measure the amount of a facility element Objective: to make a symbolic representation of the facility and facility elements Clash Detecting Financial
Energy
Flow
Scenario
Temporal Prescription
Functionality
Compliance Philosophy
ontology deals with questions concerning what entities exist or can be said to exist, and how such entities can be grouped, related within a hierarchy, and subdivided according to similarities and differences.

Information Science
In computer science and information science, an ontology is a standardized representation of knowledge as a set of concepts within a domain, and the relationships between those concepts. It can be used to reason about the entities within that domain, and may be used to describe the domain


Wikipedia Ontology Definition Smith, D. K., and Tardif, M. (2009). Building information modeling: a strategic implementation guide for architects, engineers, constructors, and real estate asset managers. John Wiley & Sons Inc.
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Zikic, N. (2009). Building Information Modeling Uses for Design in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (aec) Industry [electronic Resource]. 2009. References Hender, J., Dean, D., Rodgers, T., and Nunamaker Jr, J. (2001). “Improving group creativity: Brainstorming versus non-brainstorming techniques in a GSS environment.” hicss, 1067.
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Innovation, C. R. C. . (2007). “Adopting BIM for Facilities Management: Solutions for Managing the Sydney Opera House.” Cooperative Research Center for Construction Innovation, Brisbane, Australia.
Jones, D., Bench-Capon, T., and Visser, P. (1998). “Methodologies for ontology development.” Proc. IT&KNOWS Conference of the 15th IFIP World Computer Congress.
Kunz, J., and Gilligan, B. (2007). “Value from VDC/BIM Use: Survey Results-November 2007.” Naples, FL.
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the Los Angeles Community College District. (2010). “Build LACCD - 2.3. Applications of BIM.” Build LACCD Building Information Modeling (BIM) Standards, <http://standards.build-laccd.org/projects/dcs/pub/BIM%20Standards/released/BIM-006.html> (Sep. 15, 2011).
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Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R., and Liston, K. (2008). BIM handbook : a guide to building information modeling for owners, managers, designers, engineers, and contractors. Wiley, Hoboken N.J. References Description
Other Names
Project Phase(s)
Actors (from Omni-Class)
Process Maps (core BIM Process)
Level of Detail (MVDs)
Facility Systems
Benefits to Project
Super-Use (ie the use category above)
Sub-Use (any uses that could be a part of it)
Related Uses (IDM) (Uses that either feed or pull information)
Technology Needs Example of Attributes common structure for the various applications of BIM.
reduce the confusion when communicating
allow for future expansion for the Implementation Strategies of BIM
Wide adoption
ensure that the ontology is truly extensible
capable of integrating new Strategies into its structure.
identify gaps within the BIM Implementation Strategies
better education of BIM users
resource on the standard definition of each BIM Implementation Strategy and the ontology. Contributions alter the traditional facilities design, construction, or operation processes

and are currently being implemented within organizations and/or projects Scope Introduction – The Problem (Gallaher et al 2004) Introduction – The Solution (Teicholz, P. 2005) Introduction – The Problem What are the specific Implementation Strategies of BIM?
What are the definitions of the Implementation Strategies of BIM?
What are the important attributes of each BIM Implementation Strategy?
What are the classes of BIM Implementation Strategies?
What is the class hierarchy of the BIM Implementation Strategies?
What is the relationship(s) of one BIM Implementation Strategy to Another BIM Implementation Strategy? Purpose of the Ontology - Competency Questions Ernstrom, J. W., and The Associated General Contractors of America. (2006). The contractors’ guide to BIM. Associated General Contractors of America.
Fernandez, M., Gomez-Perez, A., and Juristo, N. (1997). “Methontology: from ontological art towards ontological engineering.” Proceedings of the AAAI97 Spring Symposium Series on Ontological Engineering, 33–40.
General Services Administration. (2007). GSA BIM Guide Overview. U.S. General Services Administration, Washington D.C.
Global Associates. (2011). “BIM Services,” BIM Services, BIM modeling services, MEP Services, Structural Services, Architectural Services, BIM MEP, 3D Modeling, Clash Detection, HVAC, Quantity take-off, <http://www.bimoutsourcing.com/services.htm> (Sep. 15, 2011).
Gómez-Pérez, A. (1999). “Ontological engineering: A state of the art.” Expert Update: Knowledge Based Systems and Applied Artificial Intelligence, 2(3), 33–43.
Grant, R., and Ceton, G. (2008). “OmniClass and IFD Library.”
Gruber, T. R., and others. (1993). “A translation approach to portable ontology specifications.” Knowledge acquisition, 5(2), 199–220.
Gruber, T. R., and others. (1995). “Toward principles for the design of ontologies used for knowledge sharing.” International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 43(5), 907–928.
Gruninger, M., Fox, M. S., and others. (1995). “Methodology for the Design and Evaluation of Ontologies.” Proceedings of the Workshop on Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing, IJCAI. References The Implementation Strategies of BIM a shared vocabulary used to model the Implementation Strategies of BIM, including the type of objects and concepts that exist, and their properties and relations, of the methods of applying Building Information Modeling during a facility’s lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives. Contributions Finalize Maintenance Plan Evaluate and Document Develop Categorizing Procedure Refinement Document New Core Functions of BIM
Interviews
Literature Review Additional Content Analysis Knowledge Acquisition New Strategy Procedure for Categorizing Strategies (Gallaher et al 2004) NIST Study

15.8 billion in 2002 due to Inadequate interoperability Introduction – The Problem The ontology will include
Taxonomy or classification system of the core functions of BIM
Description of the core functions of BIM
Including the necessary elements to describe each
A Method to Classify and describe the Core Functions of BIM Research Contributions Revit is BIM Building Information Modeling has many meanings depending on who you are! Introduction – The Problem © 2011 the lifecycle of a facility organizational structure the strategies of implementing BIM provide fundamental terminology Contributions Industry Expert Review Document Domain Terms Review for comprehensiveness of Implementation Strategies and accuracy of definitions

Review by members of the CIC Research Program
Sent to industry experts for review.

Will end with a list of the core functions of BIM Research Objective © 2011 BIM Project Execution Planning Guide Current Taxonomies and Structures BIM PxP Template Taxonomy of BIM Uses in Design Other Ontologies Document Ontology Evaluate and Document Overview
Ontology Development Procedure
Ontology Hierarchy
Ontology Classes
Attributes
Implementation Strategy Description
Relationship Document a basic definition for each term
One sentence or less
Quick understanding of the term
May be created during brainstorming process
Formal definition will occur later Defining Basic Terms Document Domain Terms Research Methodology © 2011 (Arvidsson and Flycht-Eriksson 2008) “an ontology provides a shared vocabulary, which can be used to model a domain, that is, the type of objects and/or concepts that exist, and their properties and relations.” What is an ontology (National Institute of Building Sciences 2007). Attributes Relationships “…a product or intelligent digital representation of data about a capital facility.…”

“…a collaborative process which covers business drivers, automated process capabilities, and open information standards.…”

“…a facility lifecycle management tool of well understood information exchanges, workflows, and procedures….” What is Building Information Modeling http://www.amazon.com/Building-Information-Modeling-Implementation-Constructors/dp/0470250038/ref=cm_lmf_tit_6 http://www.amazon.com/BIM-Handbook-Information-Designers-Contractors/dp/0470185287/ref=cm_lmf_tit_1 http://www.amazon.com/BIG-BIM-little-bim-Second/dp/0979569923/ref=cm_lmf_tit_3 Contributions Strategies BIM Strategies BIM Implementation Strategies Class 1
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
Class 5
Class 6
Class 7
Class 8
Class 9
Class 10 Faculty and Expert Review Evaluate and Document Map Current Standard BIM Implementation Strategies Refinement An Ontology of the Implementation Strategies of Building Information Modeling Ralph G. Kreider © 2011 Friday, September 23rd, 2011 ? 7D 6D 5D 4D Modeling Introduction – The Problem IDMs
Information Delivery Manuals http://www.iai.no/idm/idm_resources/idm_methods_guides/IDM2_Methodology_20071022.pdf http://www.blis-project.org/IAI-MVD/ MVDs
Model View Definitions http://www.wbdg.org/pdfs/NBIMSv1_p1.pdf Contributions http://mrsi.usace.army.mil/rfp/Shared%20Documents/USACE_BIM_PXP_TEMPLATE_V1.0.pdf http://www.gsa.gov/graphics/pbs/GSA_BIM_Guide_v0_60_Series01_Overview_05_14_07.pdf http://www.cfm.va.gov/til/bim/BIMGuide/downloads/VA-BIM-Guide.pdf Contributions Standard Class Hierarchies Standard Relationships Standard Classes Standard Attributes Standard Definitions Standard Terms An Ontology of the Implementation Strategies of BIM Contribution Interference Management Collision Detection Interference Detection 3D Coordination Design Coordination MEP Coordination Clash Detection Introduction Building Information Modeling is Navisworks Introduction – The Problem Software lists from http://www.cad-addict.com/2010/03/list-of-bim-software-providers.html A comprehensive list of software from survey

Determine the core functions of each software

Analysis Top 15 to 20 pieces
Interviews
Literature Analysis Facility Managment
Bentley Facilities
FM:Systems FM:Interact
Vintocon ArchiFM (For ArchiCAD Construction (Simulation, Estimating and Const. Analysis)
Autodesk Navisworks
Solibri Model Checker
Vico Office Suite
Vela Field BIM
Bentley ConstrucSim
Tekla BIMSight
Glue (by Horizontal Systems)
Synchro Professional
Innovaya MEP
Autodesk Revit MEP
Bentley Hevacomp Mechanical Designer
4MSA FineHVAC + FineLIFT + FineELEC + FineSANI
Gehry Technologies - Digital Project MEP Systems Routing
CADMEP (CADduct / CADmech) Structures
Autodesk Revit Structure
Bentley Structural Modeler
Bentley RAM, STAAD and ProSteel
Tekla Structures
CypeCAD
Graytec Advance Design
StructureSoft Metal Wood Framer
Nemetschek Scia
4MSA Strad and Steel
Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Sustainability
Autodesk Ecotect Analysis
Autodesk Green Building Studio
Graphisoft EcoDesigner
IES Solutions Virtual Environment VE-Pro
Bentley Tas Simulator
Bentley Hevacomp
DesignBuilder Architecture
Autodesk Revit Architecture
Graphisoft ArchiCAD
Nemetschek Allplan Architecture
Gehry Technologies - Digital Project Designer
Nemetschek Vectorworks Architect
Bentley Architecture
4MSA IDEA Architectural Design (IntelliCAD) Detailed Software Analysis Knowledge Acquisition Define Class Hierarchy Integrated Domain Terms BIM Tool BIM Use Case BIM Strategy BIM Application SYNONYMS: A BIM Use is defined as a method of applying Building Information Modeling during a facility’s lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives. What is a BIM Uses The Outcomes
(Contributions) The Process
(Research Methodology) The Problem
(Research Background) The Solution
(Research Goals) Expert Review Evaluate and Document Request to Industry Leaders Knowledge Acquisition Documentation Group terms
Define classes
Define the class hierarchy
Define the class properties Research
Other Ontologies Evaluation Integration of Terms Document Domain Terms Knowledge Acquisition Ontological Creation Methodology Define
Purpose
Define
Scope
Define Users
Create Competency Questions
Establish completion Criteria Define domain and scope Group Similar Terms / Strategies Integrated Domain Terms Interference Management Collision Detection Interference Detection Design Coordination MEP Coordination Clash Detection (computer integrated construction research program) a process in which Clash Detection software is used during the coordination process to determine field conflicts by comparing 3D models of building systems 3D Coordination nD Introduction – The Problem (Hender et al. 2001) Deferred Judgment
Quantity Breeds Quality Brainstorm List of Core Functions Document Domain Terms Read the problem,
Generate ideas by free association
Continue to generate ideas by free association Expert Review – Document Ontology – Maintain Ontology Categorizing Procedure – Map Standard Strategies – Refine Descriptions – Identify Additional Strategies Group Strategies – Define Classes – Determine Hierarchy – Define Attributes Brainstorming – Comprehensive Term List –Basic Definitions – Industry Validation Survey – Software Analysis – Request to Industry Leaders – Content Analysis Validate Accuracy of the Ontology and Document Refine the Ontology of BIM Implementation Strategies Generate Initial Ontology of BIM Implementation Strategies Create Lists of BIM Implementation Strategies and related terms Evaluate and Document Refinement Collect information on the Implementation Strategies of BIM Document Domain Terms Knowledge Acquisition Integrated Domain Terms Research Methodology Standard Class Hierarchies Standard Relationships Standard Classes Standard Attributes Standard Definitions Standard Terms An Ontology of the Implementation Strategies of BIM Research Goal Update Ontology Documentation Verify based on ontology rules Classify Based on Attributes Document Attributes Create Detailed Definition Define Name Step 6 Step 4 Step 1 Step 3 Step 5 Step 2 Identify and Define Additional Implementation Strategies Refinement Update Ontology Documentation Verify based on ontology rules Classify Based on Attributes Document Attributes Create Detailed Definition Define Name Step 6 Step 4 Step 1 Step 3 Step 5 Step 2 Develop Categorizing Procedure Refinement Determine Class Hierarchy Integrated Domain Terms Expert Review – Document Ontology – Maintain Ontology Categorizing Procedure – Map Standard Strategies – Refine Descriptions – Identify Additional Strategies Group Strategies – Define Classes – Determine Hierarchy – Define Attributes Brainstorming – Comprehensive Term List –Basic Definitions – Industry Validation Survey – Software Analysis – Request to Industry Leaders – Content Analysis Validate Accuracy of the Ontology and Document Refine the Ontology of BIM Implementation Strategies Generate Initial Ontology of BIM Implementation Strategies Create Lists of BIM Implementation Strategies and related terms Evaluate and Document Refinement Collect information on the Implementation Strategies of BIM Document Domain Terms Knowledge Acquisition Integrated Domain Terms Research Methodology Strategies Resources Benefits Level of Detail Phase(s) Roles Aliases Strategy 6 Strategy 5 Strategy 4 Strategy 3 Strategy 2 Strategy 1 Attributes Standard Attributes provides a shared vocabulary used to model the Implementation Strategies of BIM, including the type of objects and concepts that exist, and their properties and relations, of the methods of applying Building Information Modeling during a facility’s lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives. provides a shared vocabulary used to model the Implementation Strategies of BIM, including the type of objects and concepts that exist, and their properties and relations, of the methods of applying Building Information Modeling during a facility’s lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives. Standard Class Hierarchies Standard Relationships Standard Classes Standard Attributes Standard Definitions Standard Terms What is an Ontology of BIM Implementation Strategies Define Properties and Attributes Integrated Domain Terms Spatial Program Validation
3D Laser Scanning
4D Phasing
Energy Performance and Operations
Circulation and Security Validation Expert Review – Document Ontology – Maintain Ontology Categorizing Procedure – Map Standard Strategies – Refine Descriptions – Identify Additional Strategies Group Strategies – Define Classes – Determine Hierarchy – Define Attributes Brainstorming – Comprehensive Term List –Basic Definitions – Industry Validation Survey – Software Analysis – Request to Industry Leaders – Content Analysis Validate Accuracy of the Ontology and Document Refine the Ontology of BIM Implementation Strategies Generate Initial Ontology of BIM Implementation Strategies Create Lists of BIM Implementation Strategies and related terms Evaluate and Document Refinement Collect information on the Implementation Strategies of BIM Document Domain Terms Knowledge Acquisition Integrated Domain Terms Research Methodology Expert Review – Document Ontology – Maintain Ontology Categorizing Procedure – Map Standard Strategies – Refine Descriptions – Identify Additional Strategies Group Strategies – Define Classes – Determine Hierarchy – Define Attributes Brainstorming – Comprehensive Term List –Basic Definitions – Industry Validation Survey – Software Analysis – Request to Industry Leaders – Content Analysis Validate Accuracy of the Ontology and Document Refine the Ontology of BIM Implementation Strategies Generate Initial Ontology of BIM Implementation Strategies Create Lists of BIM Implementation Strategies and related terms Evaluate and Document Refinement Collect information on the Implementation Strategies of BIM Document Domain Terms Knowledge Acquisition Integrated Domain Terms Research Methodology Resources Benefits Level of Detail Phase(s) Roles Aliases Attributes Define Properties and Attributes Integrated Domain Terms Refine BIM Implementation Strategy Description Refinement Group Similar Terms / Strategies Integrated Domain Terms (U.S. General Services Administration 2011) (Dept. of Veterans Affairs 2010) (the Los Angeles Community College District 2010) Pre-Design and Programming
RFP Competition
Site Conditions - Existing Conditions and New Construction
Architectural Model - Spatial and Material Design Models
System Models - Structural and MEPF design
Cost estimation
4D Scheduling and Sequencing
5D Estimation
Energy Consumption Simulation and Life-Cycle Cost Analysis
Design Visualization (AGC 2006) (AGC 2006) (Eastman et al. 2008) BIM for the Construction Industry
Clash Detection
Quantity Takeoff and Cost Estimating
Construction Analysis and Cost Estimating
Cost and Schedule Control
Offsite Fabrication
Verification, Guidance, and Tracking of Construction Activities
BIM for Subcontractors and Fabricators
BIM for Owners and Facility Managers
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Project Communication and Model Review Tools
Model Viewing and Review
Model Servers
Facility and Asset Management Tools
Operation Simulation Tools Spatial Program Validation
3D Laser Scanning
4D Phasing
Energy Performance and Operations
Circulation and Security Validation
Facility Management Creating and Reviewing 3D Models
3D Modeling
Virtual Building
Architecture Design
2D and 3D Production Management
Combining and Reviewing 3D Modeling
Combine Designs into one model
Report indifferences in 3D project models and tract project status
Identify communicate and manage changes
Digital Technology Integration Visualization
Scope Clarification
Partial Trade Coordination
Collision Detection/Avoidance
Design Validation
Construction Sequencing Planning/Phasing Plans/
Logistics
Marketing Presentations
Options Analysis
Value Engineering Analysis
Walk-throughs and Fly-through
Virtual Mock-Ups
Sight Line Studies
2D conversions
3D designs
4D Model
5D Model Building System Design and Analysis/Simulation
Analysis/Simulation Software
Cost Estimation
Collaboration
Experimental Design Using a Design ‘Workbench’
Construction - Level Building Models
Building System Layouts
Drawing and Document Production
Specifications
Design - Construction Integration
Design Review BIM for Architects and Engineers
BIM Use in Design Processes
Concept Design and Preliminary Analyses
Space Planning (Computer Integrated Construction Research Program 2011) Space and Medical Equipment Validation
Architecture – Spatial and Material Design Models
Energy Analysis
Design Visualization for Communication, Functional Analysis, & Constructability
Building System Models – Structural, MEPF, and Interiors
Master plan Space Scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
Communication of Construction scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
COBIE/Commissioning
Clash Detection/Coordination
Virtual Testing and Balancing
Additional BIM Uses
Evaluating physical security & survivability
Early MEP design
3D – Virtual functionality viewing and testing of the design
5D – Material take-offs & cost estimating
Creating a interactive virtual workspace for the Design Team to achieve integrated design goals
Integrating information, e.g., electronic specifications that are tied to the BIM
Achieving automated code checking
Repeatable modular construction components to speed construction erection time
Modular construction & off-site fabrication Sustainability / LEED Evaluation:
Code Validation:
3D Coordination:
Site Utilization Planning:
Construction System Design:
Digital Fabrication:
3D Control and Planning:
Record Modeling:
Building Maintenance Scheduling:
Building System Analysis:
Asset Management:
Space Management / Tracking:
Disaster Planning: Spatial Program Validation
3D Laser Scanning
4D Phasing
Energy Performance and Operations
Circulation and Security Validation Existing Conditions Modeling:
Cost Estimation:
Phase Planning (4D Modeling):
Programming:
Site Analysis:
Design Review:
Design Authoring:
Structural Analysis:
Lighting Analysis:
Energy Analysis:
Mechanical Analysis:
Engineering Analysis: The Uses of BIM Define BIM Strategy Classes Integrated Domain Terms GIVE EXAMPLE OF EACH FOR A BIM USE (Analyzing, coordinating, geometric) - 21-06 Systems - Construction - Mech, Structural (Purpose), what, when, Who, (How much/well?) Geometric Coordination Analysis a common language of the Uses
of Building Information Modeling THE GOAL Terms Definitions Attributes Relationships Classes provides a shared vocabulary which is ultilized to model (express) the Uses of BIM, including the type of objects (terms), and concepts, properties, and relationships that exist.

STANDARD other ontologies Each Document a BIM Use Map it to the Ontology The BIM Use Ontology provides a shared vocabulary used to model a Domain, including the type of objects and concepts that exist, and their properties and relations, Uses of BIM are the methods of applying Building Information Modeling during a facility’s lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives. Reviewed Interview Session Objectives
Reviewed Ontology Objective and Scope
Reviewed BIM Use Ontology
Explored and Mappped additional
BIM Uses
Evaluated through Survey
Full transcript