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Spanish timeline Prezi

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Adam Todich

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of Spanish timeline Prezi

General Strike of 1919 In 1919, employers at a Barcelona hydroelectric plant, known locally as La Canadiense, cut wages, triggering a 44 day long and hugely successful general strike with over 100,000 participants. Employers immediately attempted to respond militantly, but the strike had spread much too rapidly. Employees at another plant staged a sit-in supporting their fellow workers. About a week later, all textile employees walked out. Soon after, almost all electrical workers went on strike as well. Francisco Franco the Nationalist leader proclaimed victory in a radio speech aired on 1 April, when the last of the Republican forces surrendered. Thousands of Republicans were imprisoned and at least 30,000 executed. Other calculations of these deaths range from 50,000 to 200,000 depending on which killings are included. Many others were put to forced labor, building railways, drying out swamps, and digging canals. Spanish Timeline
1919-1939 Spanish general election, 1933 Elections to Spain’s legislature, the Cortes Generales, were held on 19 November 1933 for all 473 seats in the unicameral Cortes of the Second Spanish Republic. Since the previous elections of 1931, a new constitution had been ratified, and the franchise extended to more than six million women. The governing Republican-Socialist coalition had fallen apart, with the Radical Republican Party beginning to support a newly united political right. Spanish Civil War 1936 The Spanish Civil War started on 17 July 1936 between the Republicans, who were loyal to the established Spanish republic, and the Nationalists, a rebel group led by General Francisco Franco. The war began after a announcement about the declaration of opposition was presented by a group of generals of the Spanish Republican Armed Forces under the leadership of José Sanjurjo against the elected government of the Second Spanish Republic The 1920 Summer Olympics Spain competed at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. It was only the second appearance of the nation at the Summer Games, after competing in the 1900 Summer Olympics, but missing the Games in 1904, 1908, and 1912. Order of Civil Merit 1925 This Order was created to prize the civic virtues of the functionaries in service for the State, the Provinces and Municipalities, as well as extraordinary services performed by Spanish citizens for the good of Nation, and could possibly be awarded, moreover, to foreign citizens by courtesy or reciprocity. It was created by King Alfonso XIII. Spanish general election, 1919 General elections to the Cortes Generales were held in Spain on 1 June 1919. At stake were all 409 seats in the Congress of Deputies. This was the first general selection since the end of World War I. Great Depression 1930 Greatly due to unpopular economic policies, Prime Minister Jose Primo de Rivera resigned in 1930, followed by the ousting of King Alfonso XIII in the following year. A fragile democracy was established, torn at by economic problems and social discontent. Spanish Constitution of 1931 A constitutional draft prepared by a commission under a reformist Catholic lawyer Ángel Ossorio y Gallardo having been rejected, an amended draft was approved by the Constituent Assembly on 9 December 1931. It created a secular democratic system based on equal rights for all citizens, with provision for regional autonomy. It introduced female suffrage, civil marriage and divorce. It permitted the state to expropriate private property, with compensation, for reasons of broader social utility. It also established free, obligatory, secular education for all and dissolved the Jesuits Spanish Civil War Ends 1939 World War Two 1939 Franco decides to stay Neutral in World War Two Dictatorship is established 1939 Franco had defeated the Republicans and declared himself Dictator of Spain. Franco would rule Spain for the next 36 years.
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