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Transcript of John Locke
Primarily wrote about governments
1632-1704 (during Colonial America)
Social Contract Theory
Believed that a government was actually a contract between the ruler and the citizens
In a natural 'state of nature' people are innately bad and will abuse their power
Purpose of Government
According to Locke, the government's only purpose is to protect its citizens' life, liberty, and property
These rights come from nature, not from a government
Can you think of modern day examples?
Breaking the Contract
If the government does not protect its citizens, it is the duty of the citizens to overthrow the government and institute a new one
"... whenever the Legislators...take away, and destroy the Property of the People...they put themselves into a state of War with the People, who are thereupon absolved from any farther Obedience... [Power then] devolves to the People, who have a Right to resume their original Liberty, and, by the Establishment of a new Legislative (such as they shall think fit) provide for their own Safety and Security..."
protect their rights
overthrow or replace them
How do the colonists interpret and apply John Locke's teachings to their own lives?
What specific issues will they take with King George III and Parliament after learning about John Locke?