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Spices of the World

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Hannah Murphy

on 14 May 2014

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Transcript of Spices of the World

Spices of the World
By Shefali Singh, Alex Thompson, Hannah Murphy
Intoduction
Spices have been used by Austronesian traders (China and Taiwan) to travel the Indian Ocean to trade with other countries such as Java, Sumatra and Africa.

Cloves are one of the earliest know spices being dated back to 1721BC in Indonesia and cinnamon in mentioned by Moses in the Book of Exodous in the Old Testament. Christoper Columbus AD discovers the New World where peppercorns is then discovered.

Spices are also classified on the part of the plant they are made from. As you can see spices have been around for a very long time and have been used for example:
killing bacteria and healing wounds
analgesic properties
healing ailments
treating infections
rituals
vegetables
preservatives
cosmetics and perfumery
Cinnamon
Cinnamon scientific name is '
Cinnamomum verum'
and is grown on a small evergreen tree. The use of the inner bark of this tree is used to make cinnamon. Therefore it is 'bark' in the classifications of a spice. Cinnamon is found in; Madagascar, China, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Vietnam, Comoros, Seychelles, South America

When handling cinnamon it can either be ground cinnamon or cinnamon quills (when it is dried in the sun.) Cinnamon quills last up to 6 months while ground cinnamon can last a couple of years. Cinnamon is readily available is supermarkets but by sourcing it through a spice store it will be fresher, have more flavour and smell and also be a better quality. The best storage is in an tight aired glass container or wrapped in paper towel in a plastic container in a cool dark or dry place.

One of the main mixes or pastes used with cinnamon in raw honey. Honey and Cinnamon is a home herbal remedy that is noted to cure a number of ailments including; colds, infertility, acne, arthritis, toothaches and boosts the immune system. Also when cinnamon is combined with sugar to make a paste it makes excellent sweet treats including cinnamon rolls.
Peppercorns
Black pepper
Piper nigrum'
is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice (known as peppercorn) and seasoning. The fruit from the vine is where the spice, peppercorn, is from so it is classified as a berry. Peppercorns are mostly from India and Vietnam.

As peppercorns are a dried fruit they can last up to 2-3 years when stored correctly. It is always important that after handling peppercorns to wash your hand as they can cause irritation your face and other sensitive areas. Peppercorns are readily available is supermarkets but by sourcing it through a spice store it will be fresher, have more flavour and smell and also be a better quality. The best storage is in a tight aired glass container or wrapped in paper towel in a plastic container in a cool dark or dry place.

Peppercorns are used for flavouring agents in food. They are especially used for seasoning flood and also creating sauces for food. When peppercorns are mixed with chili it is used to make food more 'hot.' Peppercorns are also used to make curry pastes to season food.
Cloves
Cloves re the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae
, 'Syzygium aromaticum'
. Therefore it is classified as a bud. Cloves are harvested from: India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania. Cloves are used as food flavouring agents or as a tropical anesthetic and antiseptic.

As cloves are a dried spice they can last 2-3 years. Store cloves in either tight-aired glass containers or with paper towel wrapped in a plastic bag in cool, dark and dry places. Also cloves are readily found in local supermarkets but for a better quality product by from local spice stores.

Cloves are known for being used as an ingredient in cigarettes and clove cigarettes ("kreteks") typically contain 60% tobacco and 40% ground cloves. Clove oil (cloves mixed with olive oil) can be used to clean mould along with provide a range of health benefit. Cloves are also mixed with Henna to give it a better aroma. When cloves are crushed they can be used to make a paste they can be used as a tropical dental cement.
Bibliography
All Foods Natural. (2003, Mar 26). Mixes and Pastes: Peppercorn. Retrieved from All Foods Natural: http://www.allfoodsnatural.com/dossier/popular-spice-blends.html

Bounas, T. (2012). Spiritual and Physical through Hygiene: Spices and Handling spices. Retrieved from: http://www.photolysis.gr/spices.html

Burnet, I. (2013). Spice Islands. Retrieved from http://reader.eblib.com.au.ezproxy.lib.swin.edu.au/(S(i4xltfirf2zkdsq4bxuitds3))/Reader.aspx?p=1474393&o=132&u=JONP1RfPDX4SKGSih3OP0A%3d%3d&t=1399693095&h=D088B052A1FCDA1A14BEBB87EDF5D19E33E998A1&s=12755003&ut=405&pg=17&r=img&c=-1&pat=n&cms=-1#

Filippone, T.P. (2008). Peppercorn and Pepper Varieties: Many Peppercorn colours and flavours from which to choose. Retrieved from: http://homecooking.about.com/od/spices/a/peppervarieties.htm
George Mateijan Foundation. (2011). The World’s Healthiest foods: Cinnamon, Ground. Retrieved from: http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=68

George Mateijan Foundation. (2011). The World’s Healthiest foods: Cloves. Retrieved from:
http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=69#purchasequalities

Kalich, H. N. (Mar-Apr. 2014). The Amazing Health Benefits of herbs and spices: herbs and spices make up less than 7 percent of a finished dish--but it takes only a dash to add major flavor and health benefits. Vibrant Life Mar.-Apr. 2014: 38+. Health Reference Center Academic. Web. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA363103855&v=2.1&u=swinburne1&it=r&p=HRCA&sw=w&asid=2fecc3d6fa1a2ad5f0af003ddd3d11c7

Healthline. (2013, Jan). Clove. Retrieved from Healthline: Drugs A-Z: http://www.healthline.com/natstandardcontent/clove

Honey Tasmania. (1995, Jan 17). Honey and Cinnamon. Retrieved from Honey Tasmania: http://honeytasmania.com/health-benefits-of-honey/honey-and-cinnamon/
Bibliography
Norris, J.A., Dahl, W. Shopping for Health: Herbs and Spices1. Retrieved from http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/fs/fs22500.pdf

Organic Facts. (2013). Health Benefits of Clove Oil. Retrieved from Organic Facts: http://www.organicfacts.net/organic-oils/natural-essential-oils/health-benefits-of-clove-oil.html

Spice Board of India, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India. Retrieved from http://www.indianspices.com/

Tapsell, L. C. Hemphill, I. Cobiac, L. Sullivan, D. R. Fenech, M. Patch, C. S. Roodenrys, S. Keogh, J. B. Clifton, P. M. Williams, P. G. Fazio, V. A. & Inge, K. E. (2006). Health benefits of herbs and spices: the past, the present, the future. Medical Journal of Australia, 185 (4), S1-S24. Retrieved from http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2450&context=hbspapers
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