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Learning to be Depressed

40 studies

Sean Simpson

on 1 November 2012

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Transcript of Learning to be Depressed

Martin Seligman Learning to be Depressed The Question Significance/Criticism Learning If a person fails repeatedly to control certain life events, will that person stop attempting to exercise control altogether? Summary In the escape group, the time it took to turn the shock off increased over the 64 shocks. Lead to Finkelstein and Ramsey experiment, which tested infants' abilities to turn a mobile, by moving their heads. Further studying the helplessness factor. Individuals will most likely become depressed if they attribute their lack of control to causes that are permanent rather than temporary, related to factors within their own personality, and pervasive across many areas of their life. In the no-escape group, panel pressing completely stopped after 30 trials. Critics say that depression does not only come from helplessness, but also from hopelessness. Further Research/Application More recent studies suggests that indirectly experiencing a traumatic event, may after some time passes, lead to some psychological benefits. Tested this theory on dogs, applying electrical shocks to them. Wanted to see if the dogs would learn how to stop the shocks, and how long it would take. Hock, Roger R. "Learning To Be Depressed." Forty Studies That Changed Psychology: Explorations into the History of Psychological Research. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995. N. pag. Print. Source
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