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Wetlands/Bog/Marshes/Swamp

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Isabella Neuzil

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Wetlands/Bog/Marshes/Swamp

Wetlands/Bog/Marshes/Swamp
Description of Biome:
They are lands covered with fresh water all or part of the time.
Examples:
swamps
bogs
marshes
and other wetlands
These naturally filter and degrade pollutants and toxic waste
Description
Physical features - land areas covered in water.
Native Animals
Marshes:
beavers, alligators, newts, shrimp and turtles.
Swamps:
alligators, snakes, a variety of insects, bobcat, beaver, large diversity of birds and river otter.
Bogs:
red deer, Dragonflies and birds such as grouse and plover.
Native Plants
Marshes:
Freshwater marshe-
soft stemmed and herbaceous plants: grasses, shrubs and wildflowers
Saltwater marshe-
reeds, grasses and shrubs like rushes, sedges, and saltbush.
Swamps:
Trees; cypress tress in freshwater and mangrove trees in salty water
Woody shrubs
Bogs:
Evergreen trees
Shrubs
A floor covered by a thick carpet of sphagnum moss
Some species of carnivorous plants are also found in bogs.
Importance & Damages
Isabella Neuzil
Cassidy Sonnemann

Fun Fact:
The Venus Fly Trap-

They live in these biomes
They are considered the "eating plant"
They don't actually eat their prey
They break it down and digest the proteins
They don't receive any energy from it
Unique Characteristics
In the Mangrove swamp in Florida the local pet snakes have become an invasive species to the Mangrove swamps
They have taken up residence and filled niches
Latitude/Longitude - varies because this particular biome can be found all over the world
Elevation - sea level or lower (there are exceptions such as mountain bogs)
Important to humans - Wetlands/Bogs/Marshes/Swamps naturally breaks and filters toxic waste and saves us money.
Environmental Damages -
Climate Vary depending on the location: −58 °F, 51 °F or 122 °F.
hurricanes over time have destroyed some of these area, like hurricane Katrina destroyed many in Louisiana
invasive species taking niches of other species.
Bibliography
"Wetland Biome." Animal Facts and Information RSS.
BioExpedtion.com, n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2013.
Barz, T. (2013, Sep. 25) Discussion
In African swamps, papyrus is the main plant.
Fun Fact
The Pond Skater:
They have specialized, paddle like legs that enable the insect to "skate" over the surface of the water, riding on the surface tension that lies between the water and the air.
Mangrove "Knees":
They have evolved to have curious looking projections from their roots called pneumatophores, or "knees".
These "knees" develop from the lateral roots that are growing near the surface, and protrude up to 12" out of the soil or sediment.
They aid the plants in maintaining adequate root respiration in a watery environment.

Adaptations
http://digitalsportsman.com/wetlands/plant.htm
http://digitalsportsman.com/wetlands/anim.htm
Full transcript