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The Importance of Norms and Procedures

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Teach Now

on 6 December 2014

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Transcript of The Importance of Norms and Procedures

What are Classroom Norms?
Why are Standards, Rules and Procedures Important?
Procedures - Instruction
Procedures - Dress Code and Appearance
Standards
Procedures - Transitions
Rules - Non Negotiable Behavior and Discipline
Procedures - Student Work
Conclusions
References
Classroom Norms
tell students the
behavioral expectations
the teacher has for the class, and
how to perform different tasks
in the classroom.

Norms can be composed a
general or specific level
.


Creating Standards, Rules and Procedures
Procedures - Use of Room and School Areas
Standards
Rules
Procedures
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
Procedures - Before and After School
Classroom Norms: The Importance of Standards, Rules and Procedures
By Daniel Jang, Hyejung Lee, and David Dunnet
In This Presentation:
What
are classroom norms (standard, rules, procedures)?

Why
are standards, rules and procedures
important
?

How
can we
create
standards, rules and procedures?

Examples
of standards, rules and procedures.

Our experiences
with standards, rules and procedures.
Generalized
norms about classroom behaviors are called
Standards.


Non-negotiable
norms relating to health and safety are called
Rules.

Specific
norms that provide instructions are called
Procedures.

Let's look at Standards, Rules and Procedures
in more detail...
Standards are the
most general
kind of classroom norm.

They tell us
what students should know
and
be able to do

within the area of behavior management.

Standards
apply to all areas.
http://www.google.co.kr/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAMQjxw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fcaarts.blogspot.com%2Fp%2Fclassroom-rules.html&ei=A8N_VJKSBYaW8QXeroKoDw&bvm=bv.80642063,d.dGc&psig=AFQjCNEMsPw6FoUtB3oGQRCjxLHXLaUfUQ&ust=1417745537064181
Rules are a kind of classroom norm that
relate to health and safety issues.

The are
absolute and non-negotiable!

They must be
followed with precision
by both the teachers and the students.
https://www.pinterest.com/pin/491103534337700222/
Procedures are
specific
classroom norms. They tell students
how to perform individual tasks
.

Procedures can
change
according to need.

Virtually
everything that students do
in the classroom must have a procedure that is
identified and taught.

There are
hundreds
of procedures!
‘Students
expect, appreciate, and respect
a class with order. If your class has no order, you have a
tyranny of the few against the many
.’
- Mcleod, Fisher, Hoover 2003
Students
need to know the expectations
in their classroom. Class procedures and standards give
clear guidelines
to the students about what to do at school.
Insufficient
standards and procedure cause the
loss
of large amounts of students'
time and interest
.
Remember:

Effective
classroom teachers spend
more of their time
in the
first few weeks
of the year
teaching classroom routines and procedures
as opposed to academic content.
The key to developing effective procedures is to make sure you plan them for
every routine
in the classroom.
Examples
Examples
Our Experiences
Students shall dress in a manner that ensures the health, welfare, and safety of the students body and enhances a respectful, positive, non-violent, and academic school environment.
Dress code violations
Any head apparel should be removed inside the classroom or auditorium.
Dresses, skirts and shorts shorter than the tip of the middle finger
Tank tops with straps that are narrower that three of your fingers
Halter or strapless tops or dresses
Any for of leggings that are not worn with dresses,shorts, or skirts of the appropriate length
Sunglasses
Flip flops during PE class
Excessive makeup.
Any article of clothing or jewelry that displays, depicts, or promotes alcohol, drug or tobacco material, violence or sexual innuendo
(SMIC Private School in Shanghai)

Unacceptable behaviors
Disruptive behavior in any part of the school
Lying
Deliberately disobeys a teacher or staff member
Tardiness
Intentional misuse of cell phones or other electronics
Hitting or kicking with intent or do harm
Cheats or plagiarism
Harassment in verbal, physical, emotional or online forms
Forges or alters an authority;s signature or notes, including parents and teachers
Steals
Vandalism
Skip class
Profanity

Consequences
Losing recess privileges
Reflective writing
Community service
Cleaning or repairing
Repayment
After school retention
Written or verbal apologies
Exclusion from special events
Referrals

SMIC Private School Shanghai
Before
Students line up in front of school building
Students are released by class to homerooms
Teachers meet students at HR door

After
Bus riders are released to bus
K-3 walked to bus
4-5 independent
All others kids go out front door to meet guardian
K-3 walked to bus
4-5 independent


Students can not be in areas that are not directly supervised by teachers or other staff.
Entering and exiting procedures
Seat work
Classroom jobs
Usage of hall pass
Room tidiness
Bathroom privileges


Assignment Policy
Learning at home is an essential part of a good education.

Students will have around 60 minutes of homework every night.
Additionally, students are expected to read at least 30 minutes every night.
Parent contact will occur if a student consistently turns in assignments late, incomplete, or not at all.
Late Work Policy

Students have a responsibility to turn in assignments on time. If a
student neglects this responsibility, the student will face the
following consequences: (these apply to number of times assignments
are late in a given 5 week period)

1 Late Assignment: – teacher discusses issue with student
2 Late Assignments: – teacher contacts parents
3 Late Assignments: – student stays after school to complete assignment
All subsequent late assignments will require student stays after school to complete assignment, and teacher, SA director, and parents must have a meeting.
When it is time to change from one activity or one subject to another
the following transitions can be used.

Put away books and materials needed for previous task.
Do brain break activity provided by teacher
Find materials for next task and get them ready
Follow task specific instructions for set up in next task
Follow seatwork instructions found on board for new task
1. Pursue Excellence as a Student and Community Member
2. Model Responsibility and Integrity
3. Respect Self, Others and Property
4. Create a Positive, Safe, and Drug Free Learning Environment
The School District of Lancaster
Students use various hand signs in class; such as signs for questions, answers, comments, needing something, going to the restroom, ect.



The Key Elements of Classroom Management by Joyce McLeod Jan Fisher Ginny Hoover
http://www.teachnowprogram.com/get_help_resources/activity_resources/module4/
The_ Key_ Elements_ of_ Classroom_ Management.pdf
Classroom routines and procedures by Denise Young
http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/735
Classroom Norms
http://www.uvm.edu/~wfox/ClassNorms.html
The School District of Lancaster
http://www.lancaster.k12.pa.us/download/district_documents/district_information/standards_of_conduct/standards_conduct_eng.pdf
Routines and Procedures for Managaing Your Classroom by K.J. Wagner
http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/columnists/jones/jones002.shtml

Group discussions procedures:
Small group, whole class, shoulder partner
Voice Level scale:
Create a Procedures Manual
Harry Wong on Classroom Management
Teach standards, rules and procedures in the same way that you would any other lesson:

1.
Write
an
objective
2.
Break
down the procedure into
component parts
3.
Plan
how to teach the procedure
4.
Teach
it!


Standards, Rules and Procedures should be:

Clear
Reasonable
Enforcable
Schools may have codes of conduct relating to rules.
Rules and procedures
should be established by the
school or teacher
.
Standards
may be generated by the
students in the class
!
Teach procedures using
Harry Wong's Three Step Approach
:

1.
Explain
– state, explain and model the procedure
2.
Rehearse
– rehearse and practice the procedure
3.
Reinforce
– reteach, rehearse, practice and reinforce the procedure until it becomes a habit.



It is important to be
consistent
with classroom expectations and norms.

Having a
poster
with norms
reinforces
positive student behavior because students can look back at the norms poster.

Teacher also has to
model
positive behavior in order for students to follow through

Getting it right straight away - make sure to teach and reinforce all your procedures at the
beginning of the semester
!

Remember
-
"The number one problem in the classroom is not discipline; it is the lack of procedures and routines."
- Harry Wong
When we establish standards, rules, and procedures, the most important fact is that staff members should make sure that
every student clearly understands
the expectations at school and why they are important.

Standards, rules and procedures are
essential
to the smooth running of a classroom - by planning ahead, identifying where we need procedures, teaching and reinforcing procedures, we can eliminate most classroom management problems and create a
great environment
for students to study in!
Full transcript