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The Neo Classical Period

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Gabrielle Tuck

on 24 February 2015

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Transcript of The Neo Classical Period

Pamela
(1740)
first English novel
Clarissa
(1747-48)
Samuel Richardson
Alexander Pope
An Essay on Criticism
(1711)
verse translation of Homer's
Iliad
(1720) and the
Odyssey (1726)
1643-1715:
-Louis XIV (Sun King) ruled
-great ruler, brought France to high point
-extravagance led to downfall of France
Political Happenings mostly occured in...
The Neoclassical Era: the Enlightenment, the Age of Reason
The Neo-Classical Period
Types of Literature
The Novel
Major Authors and Poets
Jonathan Swift
Baroque Art
exuberant, emotional and dynamic
Began in Rome
Later centered in Paris
Artists drew and painted the human figure
complicated perspectives, and contrasting color and value used
Daily Life
The Great Plague of London
Versailles
-Beginning in 1661, Louis XIV (Sun King) of France built Versailles, Europe's Greatest Palace
-Symbol of glory of the King
-Cost 10 Billion Dollars and later symbolized the extravagance of the Sun King
-Led to the French Revolution
Daily Life and Leisure
Major Historical Events
Philosophy and Religion
political satirist
Gulliver's Travels (1726)
Thomas Paine
British American
Common Sense
(Jan. 10 1776)
ideas led to Declaration of Independence (July 4 1776)
Samuel Johnson
poet, critic, political writer
Dictionary of the English Language
(1755)
Food
Education
Entertainment
Fashion
The Great Fire of London
Sept. 2, 1666
The Thirty Years War (1618-1648)
The American Revoltuion
(1775-1783)
Main Motivations for the Type of Literature Produced
at first French, English from 1750 on
critics condemned them for treating fiction as historical fact
Types of novel
epistolary (letters)
picaresque (rogue hero)
sentimental
for the first time, women authors assisted in developing a new literary form
novels were seen as feminizing
Peasants
Philosophes
community of thinkers with a critical spirit
struggled against French Catholic Church
stood between ignorance and enlightenment
the dawn of the secular society
Middle Class
-Merchants
-Craftsmen (glass, instruments jewlery etc)
-Ratcatchers
-Town Cries
-porters
-Members of Medicine
-shoe and clothing makers
Satire
expiry of the Licensing Act in 1695 ended state censorship
religious conflict, political upheaval
Deism
rejection of anthropocentrism
religious truth could be experienced through nature
the existence of God could be proven logically
Upper Class
Conversions
a "war of the converts" between Catholic and Protestant Churches
led to persuasive literature by converts and clergy
-Usually died by the age of 40
-Stone/mud houses
-didn't own land
-Royalty
-Lords
-Bishops and Archbishop
Women and Children
Drama
comedy of manners
social humour
heroic play (1660s-70s)
Women:
-seen as possessions
-house keeping
-increasing population
Children:
-seen as annoying, incapable, small adults
-Began work as soon as they could walk
-Often died at a young age
-Were not looked after with much love and caring
-Half the population was less than 16
John Milton
Paradise Lost
(1667)
Biblical epic
10000+ lines
School Subjects:
-Latin
-Greek
-Religious Instruction
People gradually began to realize that the old superstitious explanations of the world did not fit the facts that were being discovered about it
Many scientists were being attacked from the church because their experiments contradicted their teachings
Notable Inventions
Flintlock Pistols
Savory Engine
(this changed by the end of the 17th century)
Galileo Galilei
Artistic Movements
18th Century:
filled with revolutions and beginning of industrialism
Art reflected confusion and complexity of the times
French Rococo Style, which featured gaiety, charm and wit, came into existence
Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1680)
-Piazza and colonnade of St. Peter’s (1657) (Building)

Ecstasy of St. Theresa (1645-1652) (sculpture)
Georges de La tour (1593-1652)
Adoration of the Shepherds (1645-1650) (Oil on canvas)
Magdalen with the Smoking Flame (1630-1635) (Oil on canvas)
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
Lion Hunt (1616) (Oil on panel)

Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)
-The Night Watch (1642) (Oil on canvas)


Christopher Wren
West Façade, St. Peter’s Cathedral (1675-1710) (Building)


Thomas Gainsborough
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Andrews (1748-1750) (Oil on canvas)
The Morning Walk (1785) (Oil on canvas)
Music of the Baroque
-Classical music from 1600-1750
-exuberant, decorative music which used ornamentation and vibrant rhythms
-composers used contrast, drama, and urgency
-Monody was developed (a single voice with a simplified accompaniament
-Counterpoint was also developed (two seperate lines of music played simultaneously)
George Frideric Handel (1685-1759)
Water Music
Hallelujah



Henry Purcell (1659-1695)
The Fairy Queen



Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)
The Four Seasons



Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
Minuet in G Major
Ave Maria



Everyone smelled... even the rich
-Circus
-Plays/Theatre
-Opera
-Intrustemental Music (Bach and Mozart)
-Hunting
-Horseracing
-Cricket
-Gambling
Features Chiaroscuro
Do you know where the name sandwich came from?
Cock Fighting
Village Wide Sports
1608: French traders found Quebec and settled
1618-1648: Thirty Years War
1642-1648: English Civil War
1650-1750: The Age of Enlightenment or Reason
1665: English Scientist Isaac Newton discovers Gravity
1665: The Great Plague of London
1666: The Great Fire of London
1695: Licensing Act expires
1701-1714: War of the Spanish Succession
1740:
Pamela
by Samuel Richardson, first novel
1755:
A Dictionary of the English Language
by Samuel Johnson, first reliable dictionary
1756-1763: Seven Years' War
Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Bohemia attempted to control the religious activities of his subjects, sparking rebellion among Protestants.
Reshaped the religious and political map of Europe

Put an End to the age of religious wars-thus making Europe more politically stable
Peace of Westphalia
Great Britain
Denmark
Dutch Republic
German Catholics
Spain
Papacy
VS
Sweden
France
Austria
First known outbreak was in the 14th century
This was the last major outbreak of the bubonic plaque to occur in the United Kingdom
Yersinia Pestis
Many believe that the Great Plague of London ended due to the great fire of London...
Political Happenings and Government
1765-1783: American Revolution
Timeline
1600s: -Time of absolute rulers
-Kings, emperors, and shoguns had absolute power and ruled in monarchies
1625-1648:
-King Charles I rule without Parliament
-Caused Civil War
-Beheaded 1649
-England became commonwealth
1660: Monarchy restored with King Charles II
1682-1725:
-Peter the Great ruled
-brought drastic reforms to Russia
1762-1796:
-Catherine II (Catherine the Great),
a Russian Empress, ruled
-brought Russia to power

1700-1714:
-After death of Charles II (King of Spain), Louis XIV claimed Spain for France
-Began War of Spanish Succession
-War resulted in land divided between Britain, Austria, France, Italy, and the Netherlands
Pudding Lane
13,200 Homes
87 Church's
St. Pauls Cathedral
The fire was stopped
4 days later
by blowing up the buildings in its path
10,000,000
12,000
Was the first war of "national liberation" in modern history
25,700
-Changed the demographic makeup of Canada (arrival of British loyalists
-Created another British colony: New Brunswick
-Divided Québec into two separate colonies: Upper Canada (Ontario) to the west and Lower Canada to the east (Québec).
-British North America thus went from three colonies (Québec, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland) to five ( New Brunswick and Upper Canada)
1787 - Thirteen of the American Colonied banded together to form the federal Union f the United Stated
Poetic Analysis
"They are all gone into the world of light!"
By: Henry Vaughan
The culture of reason over superstition
Areas of study such as literature, philosophy, science, and the fine arts increasingly explored subject matter that the general public in addition to the previously more segregated professionals and could relate to.
Emphasis on learning, art and music became more widespread, especially with the growing middle class.
Full transcript