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American Presidents

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Erik Gunderson

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Transcript of American Presidents

American Presidents Erik Gunderson
Mr. Ashley
U.S. History AP
10 April 2013 1- George Washington Party: None (Federalist leaning)
Home State: Virginia
Term of Service: 1789 to 1797

Prior Experience: General and Commander-in-Chief of American forces during the Revolutionary War, fought in the French and Indian War, member of the Continental Congress, Framer of the Constitution

Important Events and Policies: adopted many of Hamilton's economic policies, made peace treaties with the Native Americans, approved the location of the nation's capital, personally put down the Whiskey Rebellion, sent John Jay to negotiate the Jay Treaty with Britain, gave his Farewell Address warning about political parties and advising that America stay neutral in European affairs

Other Information: Preferred to be called "Mr. President," tried to avoid appearing as if he was a monarch
Quote: "I hold the maxim no less applicable to public than to private affairs, that honesty is the best policy." 2- John Adams Party: Federalist
Home State: Massachusetts
Term of Service: 1796 to 1800

Prior Experience: Lawyer, member of the First Continental Congress, George Washington's vice president

Important Events and Policies: The Naturalization Act, the Sedition Act, the Alien Act, a Constitution crisis related to the prior three acts, campaign of 1800, mudslinging, the XYZ affair and politics with France

Other Information: Despite the fierce arguments he and Thomas Jefferson got into over politics, the two stayed friends and both died on July 4th, 1826
Quote: "People and nations are forged in the fires of adversity." 3- Thomas Jefferson Party: Democratic-Republican
Home State: Virginia
Term of Service: 1801-1809

Prior Experience: Lawyer, drafted the Declaration of Independence, governor of Virginia, served as diplomat in France, First secretary of state, John Adams's vice president

Important Events and Policies: "Jeffersonian revolution," liberal readings of the Constitution, lowered national debt, Louisiana Purchase, approved Lewis and Clark expedition, dealt with the Barbary pirates, Embargo Act of 1807

Other Information: sold his library to the national government, which served as the beginning of the Library of Congress, owned slaves like many of his time
Quote: "All tyranny needs to gain a foothold is for people of good conscience to remain silent." 10- John Tyler Party: Whig
Home State: Virginia
Term of Service: 1841-1845

Prior Experience: served in the House of Representatives, was the governor of Virginia, and was a senator, was originally Harrison's vice president

Important Events and Policies: voted various bills to reestablish a national bank, was expelled from the Whig party for going against Henry Clay, was nearly impeached for the supposed abuse of veto power, but the measure did not go through; Texas was annexed

Other Information: nicknamed "His Accidency" for becoming the president due to Harrison's death, would later serve as a member in the Confederate House of Representatives
Quote: "I am very glad to have in my Cabinet such able statesmen as you. But I can never consent to being dictated to as to what I shall or shall not do ... I am the president ... when you think otherwise, your resignations will be accepted." 11- James K. Polk Party: Democrat
Home State: North Carolina
Term of Service: 1845-1849

Prior Experience: member of the House of Representatives as well as the Speaker of the House, governor of Tennessee at one point

Important Events and Policies: dealt with another border dispute between America Great Britain, this time near the Oregon territory, attempted to acquire California and New Mexico, which led to the Mexican-American War; the American victory led to California and New Mexico added as well as reenforcing Texas's right to be an American state

Other Information: Despite originating the phrase "fifty-four-forty or fight," Polk and his administration were not completely willing to go to war over it.
Quote: "Fifty-four-forty or fight!" 12- Zachary Taylor Party: Whig
Home State: Virginia
Term of Service: 1849-1850

Prior Experience: fought against Native Americans and led the American armies during the Mexican-American War

Important Events and Policies: he argued settlers in New Mexico and California to draw up state constitutions, he helped negotiate the Compromise of 1850, despite being a slaveowner, he was a nationist at heart and if war broke out, he would not support anyone who would secede

Other Information: His son would actually serve as a general in the Confederate Army, despite his father's opposition to secession
Quote: "I have always done my duty. I am ready to die. My only regret is for the friends I leave behind me." 4- James Madison Party: Democratic-Republican
Home State: Virginia
Term of Service: 1808-1817

Prior Experience: Member of Continental Congress, represented Virginia at the Constitutional Convention and created the Virginia Plan, wrote some of the Federalist Papers, member of the House of Representatives, created the Bill of Rights, Secretary of State for Jefferson

Important Events and Policies: He was forced to deal with rising tension between America and Britain, and thus was in office during the War of 1812, which devastated America. Not much else was done during his administration.

Other Information: He ended up co-founding the American Colonization Society, and had a note containing advice to the country released to the public after his death.
Quote: "As a man is said to have a right to his property, he may be equally said to have a property in his rights." 5- James Monroe Party: Democratic-Republican
Home State: Virginia
Term of Service: 1817-1825

Prior Experience: Studied law under Thomas Jefferson,
United States senator, leader of Democratic-Republicans in the Senate, helped negotiate the Louisiana Compromise.

Important Events and Policies: His terms as president were known as the "Era of Good Feelings," due to the recent "victory" in the War of 1812. He also was president when the was created Monroe Doctrine, which stated that Europe could no longer colonize the Americas and any interference there would be a hostile act against America. The Missouri Compromise was created as well during this time.

Other Information: He served under Washington during the Revolutionary War and was wounded at the Battle of Trenton.
Quote: "It is only when the people become ignorant and corrupt, when they degenerate into a populace, that they are incapable of exercising their sovereignty." 13- Millard Fillmore Party: Whig
Home State: New York
Term of Service: 1850-1853

Prior Experience: served as a member of the New York State Assembly and U.S. House of Representatives, was the New York comptroller, was Taylor's vice president

Important Events and Policies: he would help finish the Compromise of 1850 along with Stephen Douglas, sent Commodore Perry to Japan to open up trade, supported the Fugitive Slave Act yet refused to back an invasion of Cuba by people who wanted to spread slavery into the Caribbean.

Other Information: Actually ran again for president under the American Party instead of the Republican Party when the Whig Party collapsed, he also did not support either James Buchanan or Abraham Lincoln.
Quote: "May God save the country, for it is evident that the people will not." 14- Franklin Pierce Party: Democrat
Home State: New Hampshire
Term of Service: 1853-1857

Prior Experience: served as Speaker in the New Hampshire House of Representatives, then served as both a representative and senator in the U.S. Congress, served in the Mexican-American War

Important Events and Policies: dealt with the effects of the Kansas-Nebraska Act ("bleeding Kansas"), attempted to persuade Spain to sell Cuba, asked Great Britain to give up privileges in Central America, did not really do much else while president

Other Information: Opposed Lincoln during the Civil War and had a more Southern view of slavery despite being a Northerner, which was unusual.
Quote: "With the Union my best and dearest earthly hopes are entwined." 19- Rutherford B. Hayes Party: Republican
Home State: Ohio
Term of Service: 1877-1881

Prior Experience: fought in the Civil War, member of the House of Representatives and was the governor of Ohio

Important Events and Policies: despite the apparent end of Reconstruction, Hayes did attempt to push through civil rights laws, but he was blocked in Congress; dealt with the Railroad Strike of 1877, attempted to reform the civil service process to award merit and not political loyalty

Other Information: He actually never thought he could win, despite the fact that figures such as Mark Twain were campaigning for him.
Quote: "He serves his party best who serves his country best." 20- James Garfield Party: Republican
Home State: Ohio
Term of Service: 1881

Prior Experience: served during the Civil War, member of the Ohio Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives,

Important Events and Policies: continued the civil service reform started by Hayes (and which would be completely by Arthur), supported civil rights, only lasted a few months in office

Other Information: Alexander Graham Bell actually attempted to find the bullet Garfield was shot with using a device he created, but he was unsuccessful.
Quote: "A brave man is a man who dares to look the Devil in the face and tell him he is a devil." 21- Chester A. Arthur Party: Republican
Home State: Vermont
Term of Service: 1881-1885

Prior Experience: member of the Conkling political machine, Collector of the Port of New York, vice president of Garfield

Important Events and Policies: despite originally opposing civil service reform, he continued the reform that Hayes and Garfield had started and had the Pendleton Act passed, immigration laws began to take affect under this administration, signed the controversial Tariff Act of 1883

Other Information: He was suffering fatal kidney disease but hid it from the general public while president. He also used to be mistrusted, but he earned the respect of the country while president.
Quote: "I may be president of the United States, but my private life is nobody's damned business." 22 and 24- Grover Cleveland Party: Democrat
Home State: New Jersey
Term of Service: 1885-1889, 1893-1897

Prior Experience: Mayor of Buffalo and governor of New York

Important Events and Policies: attempted to declare war on Britain due to a violation of the Monroe Doctrine, he was against special interests, had to deal with the Pullman strikes and other cases of an ongoing depression, opposed to women's suffrage, unlike Theodore Roosevelt

Other Information: Only president to have a second term that was not continues with the first term, vetoed 584 times.
Quote: "A truly American sentiment recognizes the dignity of labor and the fact that honor lies in honest toil." 23- Benjamin Harrison Party: Republican
Home State: Ohio
Term of Service: 1889-1893

Prior Experience: served in the Civil War as an officer, U.S. Senator

Important Events and Policies: dealt with civil service reform and tariff regulation, signed the Sherman Antitrust Act, created the first Pan-American Congress, which would establish the Pan-American Union, known for the "billion dollar Congress"

Other Information: He actually gave up on campaigning for a second term in order to support his dying wife, which led to Cleveland's reelection
Quote: "We Americans have no commission from God to police the world." 29- Warren G. Harding Party: Republican
Home State: Ohio
Term of Service: 1921-1923

Prior Experience: served in Ohio legislature, U.S. Senator

Important Events and Policies: attempted to reverse various Wilson policies, approved tax cuts on higher incomes, helped rebuild Europe after WWI, also helped establish an "open door" policy, the Teapot Dome scandal occurred under his administration, died in office due to a heart attack

Other Information: Seen as a bad president for saving many responsibilities for his cabinet members instead of doing them himself.
Quote: "America's present need is not heroics, but healing; not nostrums but normalcy; not revolution, but restoration." 30- Calvin Coolidge Party: Republican
Home State: Vermont
Term of Service: 1923-1929

Prior Experience: Northampton City Council member, Massachusetts representative and senator, governor of Massachusetts, vice president of Harding

Important Events and Policies: the Roaring Twenties truly began under him, laissez-faire economy, supported civil rights and signed the Indian Citizenship Act, he did not really do a huge amount either to regulate or provide support to anyone, which has led some to believe it is partially his fault for the Great Depression

Other Information: He is known for being the most negative of all of the presidents in American history.
Quote: "Christmas is not a time nor a season, but a state of mind." 31- Herbert Hoover Party: Republican
Home State: Iowa
Term of Service: 1929-1933

Prior Experience: headed Commission for Relief in Belgium, the Food Administration, and American Relief Administration; Secretary of commerce for both Harding and Coolidge

Important Events and Policies: the Great Depression started during his presidency, created Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Bonus Army debacle, unwisely signed Smoot-Hawley Act, was not reelected due to his failure to help much during the Depression

Other Information: He opposed the entrance of America into every war that occurred between World War II and the Vietnam War, and, despite his fame as a humanitarian, attacked the New Deal.
Quote: “We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land.” 32- Franklin D. Roosevelt Party: Democrat
Home State: New York
Term of Service: 1933-1945

Prior Experience: New York Senator, Wilson's Assistant Secretary of the Navy, New York governor

Important Events and Policies: the First and Second New Deal, which both created numerous programs that helped during the Great Depression, World War II, approval of the Manhattan Project, "court packing" debacle, promoted the creation of the United Nations

Other Information: Was crippled with polio almost his entire life, but kept going on despite of it. He was also the only president to serve more than two terms.
Quote: "There is nothing I love as much as a good fight." 33- Harry S. Truman Party: Democrat
Home State: Missouri
Term of Service: 1945-1953

Prior Experience: member of the National Guard during World War I, U.S. Senator, served on Senate Appropriations Committee, FDR's vice president

Important Events and Policies: dealt with the end of World War II (including the atomic bombings and the charter ratifying the United Nations), struggled with national affairs such as the situation with the Soviet Union and the Korean War, forced to deal with the United Steel Works of America in a way that made his relation with the American populace worse, Truman Doctrine

Other Information: He actually was reluctant to be vice president and was surprised at the weight of everything related to the end of the war (such as the Manhattan Project).
Quote: "It is amazing what you can accomplish if you do not care who gets the credit." 34- Dwight D. Eisenhower Party: Republican
Home State: Texas
Term of Service: 1953-1961

Prior Experience: military general during World War II, almost no political experience at all

Important Events and Policies: made the armistice that led to the end of the Korean War, promoted the peaceful use of atomic energy, established Alaska and Hawaii as states, supported Interstate Highway system, signed the bill that created NASA, warned about the dangers of the military-industrial complex

Other Information: Despite having practically no political experience, he was a fairly competent president who only appeared to be aloof to the public when really he was hands-on the entire time.
Quote: "A people that values its privileges above its principles soon loses both." 25- William McKinley Party: Republican
Home State: Ohio
Term of Service: 1897-1901

Prior Experience: U.S. Senator, governor of Ohio

Important Events and Policies: Raised customs duties via the Dingley Tariff Act, dealt with the Spanish-American War despite not wanting to enter the war in the first place, pushed an "Open Door" policy in China and backed it by sending troops to put down the Boxer Rebellion

Other Information: He was assassinated not long after his reelection, leading Theodore Roosevelt to take his place. He also met delegations at his front porch while campaigning for his first term.
Quote: "War should never be entered upon until every agency of peace has failed." 15- James Buchanan Party: Democrat
Home State: Pennsylvania
Term of Service: 1857-1861

Prior Experience: Member of Pennsylvania House of Representatives and U.S. House of Representatives, envoy to Russia, U.S. Senator, Polk's Secretary of State, minister to England

Important Events and Policies: the Dred Scott decision occurred not long after his inauguration, supported the pro-slavery Lecompton constitution in Kansas, attempted to prevent secession but failed, seen as a general failure of a president.

Other Information: Buchanan was the only bachelor president in history (his former wife died, and he was blamed for her death despite the face she broke off the relationship, not him).
Quote: "What is right and what is practicable are two different things." 6- John Quincy Adams Party: Democratic-Republican (formerly Federalist)
Home State: Massachusetts
Term of Service: 1825-1829

Prior Experience: Attorney in Boston, U.S. minister to Holland, Prussia, Russia, and England, helped negotiate the Treaty of Ghent, the Adams-Onis Treaty, and the Treaty of 1818, Secretary of State to Monroe, created the Monroe Doctrine

Important Events and Policies: Attempted to propose various programs that would promote science and connect the nation via canals and roads. These programs would also include the American System of Henry Clay (who was his Secretary of State). His opponents accused him of attempting to enlarge the powers of the federal government, and many of his programs were either shot down or underfunded. His presidency was essentially uneventful.

Other Information: He fought the so-called "gag rule" after his presidency, and was also accused of being involved in a "corrupt bargain" when he chose Clay as Secretary of State.
Quote: "If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader." 38- Gerald Ford Party: Republican
Home State: Nebraska
Term of Service: 1974-1977

Prior Experience: member of the Navy, U.S. Representative, part of the Warren Commission

Important Events and Policies: pardoned Nixon for the Watergate scandal, the end of the Vietnam War (defeat), the energy crisis began, continued Nixon's Detente, provided aid to Israel and Egypt in order to prevent a war in the Middle East, attempted to curb inflation and end a recession

Other Information: Despite being athletic, he was thought of as clumsy and was even depicted that way on Saturday Night Live.
Quote: "History will judge this Conference not by what we say here today, but by what we do tomorrow - not by the promises we make, but by the promises we keep." 39- Jimmy Carter Party: Democrat
Home State: Georgia
Term of Service: 1977-1981

Prior Experience: Naval officer, governor of Georgia

Important Events and Policies: continued Ford's fight against inflation and other economic woes, created a national energy policy, created the Department of Education, Camp David Accords, negotiated SALT II and got the Panama Canal treaties ratified, was forced to deal with the Iran Hostage crisis before leaving office

Other Information: As a member of the Navy, he worked on submarines.
Quote: "You can do what you have to do, and sometimes you can do it even better than you think you can." 40- Ronald Reagan Party: Republican
Home State: Illinois
Term of Service: 1981-1989

Prior Experience: governor of California

Important Events and Policies: Reaganomics ("trickle-down," cut taxes and government expenditures but paid much for defense, improved relations with the Soviet Union beyond detente, dealt with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Reagan Doctrine, Iran-Contra Affair

Other Information: He was originally Democratic, but his experiences while hosting a certain television show led to him changing his opinion and therefore becoming a Republican
Quote: "I have wondered at times what the Ten Commandments would have looked like if Moses had run them through the U.S. Congress." 41- George H. W. Bush Party: Republican
Home State: Massachusetts
Term of Service: 1989-1993

Prior Experience: U.S. Representative, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, director of the CIA in 1976, vice president to Reagan

Important Events and Policies: observed the end of the Soviet Union, removed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega from power, dealt with the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq under Saddam Hussein (Operation Desert Storm), domestic issues led to unpopularity, however, which led to his loss in the next election

Other Information: The below quote is ironic, because despite having said that, he ended up creating new taxes in order to deal with the economy, which led to him losing popularity. He was also the youngest pilot in the Navy when he received his wings and fought during World War II.
Quote: "Read my lips: No new taxes." 42- William "Bill" J. Clinton Party: Democrat
Home State: Arkansas
Term of Service: 1993-2001

Prior Experience: Arkansas Attorney General and governor

Important Events and Policies: the second president to be impeached, but he remained popular despite this and even apologized for his actions, desired to expand NATO, "Don't Ask Don't Tell," North American Free Trade Agreement, Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, Oslo Accords

Other Information: Despite the scandal that got him impeached, he was still an effective president who brought the economy to an unprecedented high point with all things considered, was the first Democratic president to have more than one term since FDR, is still alive and popular today.
Quote: "Being president is like running a cemetery: you've got a lot of people under you and nobody's listening." 43- George W. Bush Party: Republican
Home State: Connecticut
Term of Service: 2001-2009

Prior Experience: governor of Texas, supported his father's bid for presidency

Important Events and Policies: created a huge tax cut ($1.35 trillion), decided not to follow the Kyoto Protocol for reducing greenhouse emissions, 9/11 and the Iraq War, Patriot Act, Homeland Security Department was formed, pushed for immigration reform, Emergency Economic Stabilization Act, left the White House with low approval ratings

Other Information: led a private fundraising effort along with Bill Clinton after the Haiti earthquake in 2010.
Quote: "Freedom itself was attacked this morning by a faceless coward, and freedom will be defended." 7- Andrew Jackson Party: Democrat
Home State: North Carolina (South Carolina?)
Term of Service: 1829-1837

Prior Experience: Helped establish the Tennessee Constitution, first of Tennessee's representatives in the House of Representatives and was also a senator, fought in the War of 1812 (Battle of New Orleans) and First Seminole War

Important Events and Policies: attempted to get rid of the Second Bank of the United States by vetoing its recharter, as it acted like a monopoly and it was too powerful in his eyes (he would succeed), infamous with his policies related to Native American removal, dealt with the Tariff of Abominations and with the nullification crisis (the Force Act)

Other Information: Known as "King Mob" for inviting the public to attend the inauguration ball, died from lead poisoning from two bullets that had been in his chest for many years
Quote: "One man with courage makes a majority." 16- Abraham Lincoln Party: Republican
Home State: Kentucky
Term of Service: 1861-1865

Prior Experience: served as member of the Illinois state legislature, was a practiced lawyer, member of the U.S. House of Representatives, Lincoln-Douglas debates

Important Events and Policies: led the country during the Civil War, suspended the writ of habeas corpus, instituted the draft, wrote the Emancipation Proclamation, began the process of Reconstruction before his assassination

Other Information: Was originally a Whig and actually supported Free-Soil, he also traveled with the court on the Illinois circuit.
Quote: "Nearly all men can handle adversity, if you want to test a man's character, give him power." 26- Theodore Roosevelt Party: Republican
Home State: New York
Term of Service: 1901-1909

Prior Experience: member of New York Assembly, captain of the National Guard, U.S Navy assistant secretary, created the Rough Riders, governor of New York, vice president of McKinley

Important Events and Policies: used the Sherman Antitrust Act to break up multiple trusts, regulated railroads, increased the size of the Navy ("Great White Fleet"), Roosevelt Corollary, supported women's suffrage and desegregation

Other Information: He actually renovated the White House and went on various trips to various places during his life, such as to Africa.
Quote: "Speak softly and carry a big stick. You will go far." 35- John F. Kennedy Party: Democrat
Home State: Massachusetts
Term of Service: 1961-1963

Prior Experience: Member of the Navy, U.S. Representative and Senator

Important Events and Policies: created the Peace Corps and the Alliance for Progress, oversaw the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion, dealt with the Cuban Missile Crisis, negotiated the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, cut taxes and increased the minimum wage, sent a civil rights bill to Congress, which would be the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Other Information: He was the first Catholic president to ever be elected, and the most recent president who has been assassinated.
Quote: "Forgive your enemies, but never forget their names." 44- Barack Obama Party: Democratic
Home State: Hawaii
Term of Service: 2009-Present

Prior Experience: Illinois state Senator and U.S. Senator,

Important Events and Policies: inherited many problems from the previous administration, withdrew troops from Iraq, but troops are still currently in Afghanistan, "Obamacare," death of Osama bin Laden, both the Sandy Hook shooting and the Boston Marathon bombings occurred under his presidency, hostage situation in Iran, tapping of the Associated Press (not proven to be linked to Obama, though)

Other Information: is the current president as well as being the first African American president, his place of birth was controversial at one point, but currently as it stands he was born in Hawaii.
Quote: "If you're walking down the right path and you're willing to keep walking, eventually you'll make progress." 8- Martin Van Buren Party: Democrat
Home State: New York
Term of Service: 1837-1841

Prior Experience: Elected to the Senate, governor of New York, Secretary of State for Andrew Jackson, minister to Great Britain

Important Events and Policies: Dealt with the financial panic that started in Jackson's second term (proposed an independent treasury for federal funds instead of a national bank), dealt with a border dispute with Great Britain between Maine and New Brunswick, was against the annexation of Texas

Other Information: Was generally thought of as a failure of a president in his day, was a member of the Free Soil Party at one point
Quote: "As to the presidency, the two happiest days of my life were those of my entrance upon the office and my surrender of it." 17- Andrew Johnson Party: Democrat
Home State: North Carolina
Term of Service: 1865-1869

Prior Experience: Mayor of Greeneville, Member of Tennessee state legislature, member of the House of Representatives and later the Senate, governor of Tennessee, briefly Lincoln's vice president

Important Events and Policies: Had to deal with Reconstruction in Lincoln's permanent absence, gave many pardons to Southerners, who were allowed to set up "black codes," attempted to veto the Civil Rights Act and the Freedmen;s Bureau bill, attempted to fire Edwin Stanton, but in doing so violated the Tenure of Office Act (which got him impeached yet not convicted)

Other Information: He was the first president to be impeached, supported a provision to disenfranchise free African Americans in Tennessee.
Quote: I feel incompetent to perform duties...which have been so unexpectedly thrown upon me." 27- William Howard Taft Party: Republican
Home State: Ohio
Term of Service: 1909-1913

Prior Experience: U.S. Solicitor General, governor general of the Philippines, Secretary of War for Roosevelt

Important Events and Policies: corporate income tax, "dollar diplomacy," was misunderstood about his stance on big business by Progressives, supported Booker T. Washington, did not want to stretch presidential powers like his predecessor

Other Information: He was the only president to become a Supreme Justice on the Supreme Court.
Quote: "A government is for the benefit of all the people." 36- Lyndon B. Johnson Party: Democrat
Home State: Texas
Term of Service: 1963-1969

Prior Experience: U.S. Senator, Vice President of JFK, headed the space program

Important Events and Policies: Supported JFK's programs and helped get the Civil Rights Act of 1964 through Congress, the Great Society, dealt with the Vietnam War, which took up most of his presidency and ended up being a disaster for him, which led to him refusing to seek reelection

Other Information: As a senator he was well known for knowing the political positions of the people around him, and he was well-known for eing very persuasive.
Quote: "Being president is like being a jackass in a hailstorm. There's nothing to do but to stand there and take it." Works Cited 9- William Henry Harrison Party: Whig
Home State: Virginia
Term of Service: 1841

Prior Experience: Secretary of the Northwest Territory, fought against Tecumseh's men, commanded the Northwest army during the War of 1812, member of the House of Representatives, the Senate, and the Ohio Senate

Important Events and Policies: Died in office, so he had no important policies

Other Information: He was the last president to be born before America's independence

Quote: "The chains of military despotism, once fastened upon a nation, ages might pass away before they could be shaken off." 18- Ulysses S. Grant Party: Republican
Home State: Ohio
Term of Service: 1869-1877

Prior Experience: general in the Civil War for the Union, no real political experience

Important Events and Policies: pushed the ratification of the 15th Amendment, was honest himself but had a corrupt administration, let Radical Republicanism in the South continue

Other Information: Despite going to West Point, he was only average at best while there.
Quote: "The art of war is simple enough. Find out where your enemy is. Get at him as soon as you can. Strike him as hard as you can, and keep moving on." 28- Woodrow Wilson Party: Democrat
Home State: Virginia
Term of Service: 1913-1921

Prior Experience: president of Princeton University, governor of New Jersey

Important Events and Policies: had the 19th Amendment that allowed women's suffrage to be passed, passed Federal Reserve Act and Clayton Antitrust Act, dealt with World War I and made the decision to enter it despite trying to be neutral at first, tried to push for the signing of the Treaty of Versailles but failed, which meant America could not be part of the League of Nations, overall a progressive president

Other Information: His second wife helped him while he was recovering from a stroke in office by secretly making decisions in his stead.
Quote: "If you want to make enemies, try to change something." 37- Richard Nixon Party: Republican
Home State: California
Term of Service: 1969-1974

Prior Experience: member of the Navy, U.S. Representative and Senator, member of the House Un-American Activities Committee, vice president of Eisenhower, Kitchen Debate

Important Events and Policies: ended the draft, created a broad environmental program, president during the first moon landing, continued to deal with the Vietnam War, Detente, the Watergate scandal occurred, which caused him to resign

Other Information: Some people say he lost to JFK because of the usage of television to show the press conferences, which made Nixon look bad and JFK look good despite Nixon being the better of the two as described by radio listeners.
Quote: "If you want to make beautiful music, you must play the black and the white notes together." Biography. A+E Networks, 1996. Web. 10 Apr 2013.
"Jimmy Carter." Brainy Quote. BookRags Media,
n.d.Web. 27 May 2013.
White House.gov. The White House, n.d. Web. 10
Apr 2013. All pictures are from biography.com.
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