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Athens V.S. Sparta

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Sara Bajelan

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Athens V.S. Sparta

Athens V.S. Sparta Daily life Sparta Cons Athens Pros Women and Social Structure Women & Social Structure Economy Sparta's slaves can not be set free Slaves are set free Economy In our polis, women can: Instead of relying on trade, Sparta relies on farming and conquering Daily Life Most children, after the age of 7 will attend a school to achieve a higher education When a child is born we celebrate When a child is born they are taken to a group of elders who will decide if this child will make a good warrior. If not they throw them away The Athenian economy is mostly based on trade because the land in Athens can not provide enough food for all of the city's citizens. Athens trades with other city states and a few civilizations in the Mediterranean region Some resources Athens acquired are wood from Italy and grain from Egypt In exchange, Athens usually trades honey, olive oil, pottery and silver for resources The Athenians buy and sell their goods at the agora Since all of Spartans men are soldiers, Sparta conquers the nearby region, Messenia, and forces them to farm and send resources to Sparta Spartans discourage trade because they believe
that it will lead to corruption of the government Women within Sparta received plenty of respect and value towards their fitness, fertility, and freedom.

Although, their desire for a woman to have a healthy baby was not for the sake of her having a healthy family.

Spartans did not accept children born with physical or mental defects. Any child that was imperfect was left to die on hillsides.

Even though a woman had all these amazing rights, she would have to suffer the loss of the child she spent 9 months nurturing and becoming emotionally attached to. A day starts in the morning when we go to town and take care of any business. After that, men go to their desired trade and women stay home and do house work, take care of kids, prepare meals, etc. Men then go home and eat supper (wine, bread, fruit) and end their day with a nice bath. The Government Children are taken from their mothers at a young age to be forced into military They are treated poorly and half starved to toughen them into stronger soldiers They are encouraged to steal to survive but if caught they will be whipped in front of their mother Gain property rights through gifts, dowry and inheritance. Trade and sell bread and sell different products at the markets. Be taught in the subjects of music and poetry. Attend religious festivals. Levels of Society: Debtors are not slaves Merchants and Artisans who are not Athenian born are still citizens All free men are citizens Slaves Former slaves Merchants, artisans, farmers, artists, etc. Governors, religious figures, etc. Education All citizens in Athens are literate. Boys are taught in school, men teach their wives, and wives teach the daughters.

Only boys go to school, but the education is very developed.

Rhetoric is a very important subject.

Post-Secondary style academies and schools also existed. Government Athens is a democracy
All citizens are men who own property.
The Assembly is where the citizens met and decided on laws and political affairs.
The Athenians have a Council of 500, who carried out all of the citizens decisions. Spartans have less trading so they have less money and therefore less power. Overall, Athens is much more wealthier than Sparta due to the fact that Sparta discourages trading There is a lack of state education for women. Education Not all Spartans are Spartans. They have to go through an education system to be recognized as a Spartan. Boys are taken from their parents at age seven and trained and are only given a cloak and no shoes or any other clothes, to learn survival skills. Women enjoy their work cooking food, making wool cloth, and sometimes working at open air markets Daily life for a Spartan boy was spent at on of their training camps getting beaten and mentally scared Women could not take part in Spartan government Unlike Athens children do not get the chance to be educated and advance in society
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