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Treaty 8

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Sasha Zoorkan

on 12 November 2012

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Transcript of Treaty 8

An agreement between the First Nations and the Queen, Treaty 8 was signed June 21, 1899. All future land use and development in Northern Alberta flowed from this event. Treaty 8 Basic Information About Treaty 8 It included 39 First Nation communities
It encompassed a landmass of about 840,000 square kilometers
The Territory covered the areas of Northern Alberta, Northwestern Saskatchewan, Northeastern British Columbia, and the Southwest portion of the Northwest Territories
It was made to bring peace and friendship between the First Nations and the Europeans "The words of the treaty which say the land was to be ‘surrendered, yielded up,’ when translated would mean ‘I quit the land.’ There is no way the Indians understood this." Terms of Treaty 8 Because the First Nations gave their land, they were guaranteed some things, such as:
Hunting and Fishing Rights
Health Care
Farming Assistance
Exemption from taxes
Schools and education
Exemption from military service Fairness of Treaty 8 There are still some issues today that there were when the Treaty was signed. Some of them revolve around:
Concerns over land claims
Treaty Rights
The development and encroachment of industry on Treaty lands,
Social and economic implications
Treaty 8 was not fair to the First Nations people involved. The Europeans wanted title to the land, because the gold rush was coming, so they made promises that were easy to break. Exemption from taxation Example: I think that the Treaty 8 was not fair at all. It was a one-sided Treaty, that favored the Europeans. Obviously, the Europeans thought it would be in Canada's best interests, and not the First Nations'. A lot of the benefits listed in the Treaty were not granted, which was not right at all for the First Nations. My Views about Treaty 8 One of the benefits listed in the Treaty that was not given;
Education Example There were two perspectives on Treaty 8:
The European's/Canada
The First Nations'

The European's/Canada's perspective on Treaty 8 was positive. They were happy with the treaty, because the fact that they ruled the First Nations' land gave them an advantage during the gold rush. They could manipulate the First Nations with the "benefits" they were promised. They got rid of the first Nations' title on the land. They made the Treaty, not caring if it was in the best interest of the First Nations.

At first, the First Nations' were skeptical about Treaty 8. they wanted to be sure to be able to carry on their traditional lifestyle an culture, which was a major concern. The Europeans convinced them that it would be to their benefit to sign the treaty. They believed they would be sharing the land with the Canadian government, in return for the benefits. Only some of those said benefits were granted, which was unfair. Perspectives on Treaty 8
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