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Townshend Acts

Honors U.S. History (With Nicole Plazio)

Haley Potter

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Townshend Acts

The Townshend Acts of 1770 By Haley Potter &Nicole Plazio Townshend acts-laws passed to
taxed good such as glass,paper,
paint,lead,and tea. Taxes on Paint,
Paper, Lead, Tea,
and glass What Led up to the
Townshend Act ? "Nervous tension" is the term that best describes the relationship between the American colonies and England in the aftermath of the Stamp Act repeal. The Stamp act Repeal is what led up to the Townshend Acts in the 1760's. The Townshend Acts (1767) passed by Parliament on June 29, 1767 refer to two Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain passed in 1767, which were proposed by Charles Townshend . These laws placed a tax on common products imported into the American Colonies,from Great Britain, such as lead, paper, paint, glass, and tea. It also granted certain duties in the British Colonies. Because the Stamp Act of 1765, the laws were not a direct tax, but a tax on imports. The Townshend Acts also created three new courts to try Americans. This taxation was a result of the cost of the Seven Years War. It was felt that since the outcome of the war benefitted the colonies, it was only proper that they bear a small portion of the financial burden. The Writs of Assistance gave tax collectors permission to search for smuggled goods. Often, these smuggled goods were sold in England and in the European countryside. Therefore creating more income for the British. The Acts led to outrage among the colonists and helped spark the Liberty seizure and riots of 1768. The British government moves to modify outraged colonists by repealing most of the clauses of the hated Townshend Act. Initially passed on June 29, 1767, the Townshend Act constituted an attempt by the British government to fix fiscal and political power over the American colonies by placing import taxes on many of the British products bought by Americans, including lead, paper, paint, glass and tea. What was this piece of legislation? It was that The Townsend Act was the British Parliament's tax on the American colony that led to the taxation of imported goods, one of which was tea. It eventually resulted in the Boston tea party when colonists garbed as native Americans dumped the tea in Boston Harbor. Although it was not a direct tax its effect was felt throughout the colonies. Taxation without representation became the cry of the land The British benefited from this because all of the money made from this act would go to pay for the cost of the army in America and the salary of colonial officials. To the colonists, this act was not good. To them, it was another case of taxation without representation. The Townsend acts also brought back "writs ofassistance" which parliament had used unseccessfully in the colonies during the 1600s. A writ gace custom officers the right to search colonial homes for smuggled goods, This would be done without a search warrant. This also violated the right to one's house, a cherished right in Britain. A protest was written by James Otis. How did the Colonists Respond to the Townshend Act? They responded by becoming angry and
having a first serious confrontation, which happened in Boston the same exact day that
the Townshend Acts were repealed, though
that news had not yet reached America.The
plan worked, having most of the
Townshend Acts repealed in
March of 1770.
This all led to the Boston
Massacre. Propaganda was used to go against
the Townshend Acts.
Most of the propaganda used was
either illustrations or newspaper clippings. Some More Propaganda used: How did this Act bring our country closer to declaring Independence? 1767

Townshend Acts. To help pay the expenses involved in governing the American colonies, Parliament passed the Townshend Acts, which initiated taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.

Nonimportation. In response to new taxes, the colonies again decided to discourage the purchase of British imports.

"Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies." Originally published in a newspaper, this widely reproduced pamphlet by John Dickinson declared that Parliament could not tax the colonies, called the Townshend Acts unconstitutional, and denounced the suspension of the New York Assembly as a threat to colonial liberties.
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