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The motif of the double in "The mysterious case of Dr. Jekyl

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Lukas Tischler

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of The motif of the double in "The mysterious case of Dr. Jekyl

2. Gothic Fiction
2.1 The term
4. Analysis of the double in other Gothic stories and comparison to Stevenson's novel
4.1 The Picture of Dorian Gray

4.2 William Wilson

4.3 The Fall of the House of Usher
3. The motif of the double in
"The Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde"
3.1 Contrasts as expression of the double
The motif of the double in "The mysterious case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde"
Table of contents
1. The fascinating idea of the double

2. Gothic Fiction
...
3. The motif of the double in "The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde"
...
4. Analysis of the double in other Gothic stories and comparison to Stevenson's novel
...
5. The motif of the double in future literature
5. The motif of the double in future literature

2.2 Explanation of the double and other related motifs in Gothic literature
2.2.1 The undead

2.2.2 Insanity

2.2.3 The double
• Genre of literature (strongly influenced by the era of romanticism)

• Change in the early 19th century:


not longer something abstract, but common and ordinary

Reasons: Scientific progress, diseases and religious changes
3.2 Separating the human's good and evil nature
3.1 Contrasts as expression of the double
The contrast of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (Good<>Evil) is supported by many further contrasts:
• The city (London)

• The house of Dr. Jekyll and the two entrances

• The different daytimes in which Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde appear

3.2 Separating the human's good and evil nature
• The inner fight between his moral and immoral desires tears Jekyll apart

• Jekyll "creates" Hyde out of the wish to separate his evil from his good side

→ Jekyll turns into Hyde when satisfying his desires
→ Hyde represents everything vicious and sinful; almost animalistic character

• In the end, Jekyll realizes he lost control over Hyde and decides to kill this vicious monster by committing suicide
Dr. Jekyll
Mr. Hyde
• kind, honorable

• good reputation

• high social standing

• tall, handsome
• vicious, unmoral

• disliked

• low social standing

• small, crouched, ugly
www.comgbdh.sadiron.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Dr-Jekyll-y-Mr-Hyde.jpg
4.1 The Picture of Dorian Gray
4.2 Williams Wilson
4.3 The Fall of the House of Usher
Dorian uses a curse to create his double
Jekyll uses a potion to create his double
Both use it to live out their secret passions

Both want to get rid of their double later on and end up dead at the end of the story.
William does not want his double to exist at any point in the story
Jekyll makes the deliberate decision of creating his double
William's double only exists in his mind
Hyde actually exists in reality
→ Theme of mental illness is dominant
The House acts as a perfect reflection of the clan
motif of the double
The motif, and the story in general, do not have a deeper meaning or moral at the end, which differs it from the other novels
Full transcript