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Integrating Sources Using MLA

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Martha McClendon

on 4 February 2016

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Transcript of Integrating Sources Using MLA

Your voice--not the voice of an outside source--should be the primary voice.
ICE
Introduce
quotes
with
signal phrases
Integrating Sources Using MLA
Academic Writing
One of the most important aspects of academic writing is using the ideas and findings of other people to strengthen your own writing.
Common Knowledge
does not need to be cited, but for all other borrowed information, you must cite and ICE your information.
3.
EXPLAIN
the quote
ICE YOUR QUOTES
2.
CITE
(write) the quote
1.
INTRODUCE
the quote in your own words with a SIGNAL PHRASE
Punctuating Signal Phrases
Commas and periods go inside quotation marks (except for end parenthetical citations.)
Weaving Quotes
Smith notes that teenagers and even "twentysomethings" have never known life without technology (201).
Stand on the Shoulders of Giants
3. After giving the quote,
explain
it in your own words. Provide some analysis and discussion so that your readers understand what you want them to take away from the quote.
According to Michael Smith,
“You should use the author’s first and last name when you cite that
author for the first time in your paper
” (1).
As Smith explains,
“You can introduce your quotes with a number of different phrases
” (1).
Smith adds
that
“if the introduction to your quote is preceded with a the word 'that,' it does not need to be followed by a comma
” (1).
Smith observes the following in his article:
“When you use a colon to introduce a quote, you need a complete sentence preceding the colon
” (1).
Topic sentences of body paragraphs should not be quoted matter but your own claim.
Signal Phrases
Signal where
your ideas end
and someone
else's ideas or words begin.
DROPPED QUOTE
Means you have no signal phrase to mark the boundary.
You just dropped in the quote without any preparation.
Signal phrase verbs are in
PRESENT
tense
Contends
Argues
States
Reports
Acknowledges
Believes
Claims
Denies
Rejects
Writes
Insists (AWR 406)
Works Cited
The last page of the paper
Every source USED is listed
Sources only consulted are not listed
Arranged alphabetically by authors' last names
Reverse indended
The title is Works Cited
This page is paginated
Example entry Patterns 78
ICE YOUR QUOTES
According to writing expert Norm Smith, "Long sentences can be complicated. . . [therefore] cutting unncessary parts is permissible" (19).
Works Consulted

A Writer's Reference, 8th ed. Diana Hacker & Nancy Sommers. Bedford St. Martins. 2015

"How do I incorporate quotes into my writing?"
University of Michigan-Sweetland Center for Writing

"The Nuts and Bolts of Integrating"
Harvard Guide to Using Sources from isites.harvard.edu





"The best social media sites available today," contends Smith, "are Twitter and Instagram."
"The best social media sites available today," contends Smith, "are Twitter and Instagram" (201).
Smith argues that Twitter and Instagram are currently the top social media sites.
Smith argues that Twitter and Instagram are currently the top social media sites (201).
Smith argues that the popular media outlets "look to their profit and neglect their social responsibilities" (205).
Every quote should have some of your words in it, probably as a signal phrase.
Smith contends,

"A bad argument is worse than no argument at all."
Full transcript