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The Impending Crisis: Chapter 13

College US History

Dan Conn

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of The Impending Crisis: Chapter 13

The Impending Crisis
Chapter 13
Looking Westward
Manifest Destiny
Canada, Mexico,
Caribbean, and
Pacific Islands 
Americans in Texas
American Immigration to Texas
Twice as many Americans (about 7,000) as Mexicans in Texas
Santa Anna
Remember the Alamo!
David Crockett
Davy Crockett- the legend
The impact
A: Sam Houston, who happens to be the
winning general of the battle that changed
everything for Texas.
Battle of San Jacinto:
The "Game Changer"
Q: What's the largest US city to be named after a person?
The Yellow Rose of Texas
Henry Clay opposed this philosophy
because he thought it would lead
to the expansion of slavery.
Dictator/Top General of Mexico
makes harsh laws on American Texans
April 21, 1836
Unsung Heros?
Second class citizens
after the war, many
Texas feared they
were Mexican agents.
Texas Independence!
Newly elected President Houston,
sends delegation to Washing DC
in order to join the Union.
Jackson says "No".
France and England
try to befriend the
new Republic.
Tyler wants Texas, but Northern Senators say "No".
“Joint Occupation”- 1818 
Twice as many American settlers
Growing American Settlements
The Oregon Trail 
Wealthier people
May to November
Indian Assistance
Polk Elected
The Democrats and Expansion
James K. Polk
(Portrait Gallery)
Q: Why was Polk such an unique choice for President?
A: He served in the House of Rep., not the Senate, Executive Branch, nor was he state Governor. The only person elected from the House to Presidency
Polk had four main goals:

1. The annexation of Texas
2. Oregon- "Fifty-four forty or Fight!"
3. Aquire California
4. Lower Tariffs
Mission Accomplished!
The Southwest and California
Mexican American War
Bear Flag Revolution
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Southwestern Expansion, 1845-1853
The Sectional Debate
Slavery and the Territories
Wilmot Proviso
Rep. David Wilmot, PA (D)
Passes House but not Senate
No slavery in territories
The Rise of the Free Soil Party
Main Purpose:
Consisted of former anti-slavery members of the Whig Party and the Democratic Party. Its main purpose was opposing the expansion of slavery into the western territories, arguing that free men on free soil comprised a morally and economically superior system to slavery.
Legit 3rd Party?
Remember me?

“Forty-Niners” (maybe 95% men)
California Gold Rush
Indians Exploited:
The arrests of “loitering or orphaned Indians” sentenced to “indentured labor”

15 slave states and 15 free states in 1849
The Great Compromiser Strikes Again.
Clay’s Compromise Debated
CA= Slavery
Stephen Douglas said we should break up the bill.
Taylor Dies
Millard Fillmore: Signed Compromise, calling slavery a sectional problem.
A time when political
correctness backfires
The Game-Cock
and the Goose:
The Uneasy Truce
Winfield Scott (W)
New Jersey
Franklin Pierce (D)
New Hampshire
Anti-Slavery groups left the Whig party, and openly disobeyed the Fugitive Slave Act and underminded the Compromise of 1850
Breakin’ the law transcendentalist style. Remember me?
Ostend Manifesto
A secret plan for Belgium and
the U.S. to take Cuba by force?
This angers the abolitionists , because
it is believed Cuba woule be
added as a slave state
Slavery, Railroads, and the West
Transcontinental Railroad and Slavery
Should it go through Chicago, St. Louis, New Orleans, or
Gadsden Purchase
Part of present day New Mexico and Arizona for $10 million
The Kansas-Nebraska Controversy
Republican Party Established

People opposed to the Kansas Nebraska Act, both Whigs and Northern Dems
“Bleeding Kansas”
Pottawatomie Massacre
John Brown and son’s murdered
five pro-slavery Kansas settlers.
Sen. Sumner caned for "The Crime Against Kansas" speech
The Free-Soil Ideology
“Free Soil” and “Free Labor”“Slave Power Conspiracy”
The Pro-Slavery Argument
Intellectual Defense of Slavery
Anti-Abolitionist Violence
Remember me?
Black Inferiority Assumed 
Buchanan and Depression
Election of 1856=
The Dred Scott Decision
Taney’s Sweeping Decision
“Every citizen has a right to take with him into the Territory any article of property which the Constitution of the United States recognises as property…”

- Dred Scott v. Sandford
Deadlock over Kansas
Lecompton Constitution Rejected
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
A star is born
“My Fellow-Citizens: When a man hears himself somewhat misrepresented, it provokes him—at least, I find it so with myself; but when the misrepresentation becomes very gross and palpable, it is more apt to amuse him. …”

- Abraham Lincoln, L-D Debates

John Brown’s Raid
Election of 1860
The Joke.
1. What different motivations pushed Americans west during the antebellum era? Did the West generally meet these expectations? How did this mobilization change American society?
2. What were the causes of the Mexican War? What were the domestic consequences of the American victory in this war?
3. What factors caused the deep divisions between the North and South during the 1850s? Were these divisions new or simply accentuation of previously existing problems?
4. Explain why the election 1860 was such a surprise. How was a “team of rivals” created from the results of the Republican primary?

Essential Question
Full transcript