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Photojournalism

Photo II
by

Melanie Rapp

on 23 January 2015

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Transcript of Photojournalism

Photojournalism
Composition
Technique
Post-production
Main steps of creating a photo story
1. a) Preparation - The subject
Get to know the topic, the people, the context.
Get familiar with the location.

1. b) Preparation - The camera
Prepare batteries, memory cards, lenses, flash.
Learn how to use the camera.

2. Photographing
Compose each photo - set the camera, consider framing.

3. Post- production
Make a selection of the best photos.
Retouching the photos.
Create the order of the photos.
Basic facts of photojournalism
The basics
1. Photo essay

A photo-essay (or photographic essay) is a set or series of photographs that are intended to tell a story or evoke a series of emotions in the viewer. (Wikipedia)

Don't try to tell the entire story with one photograph.

Include different subjects, different point of views
(from landscapes and large scenes, through smaller objects, cultural markers to people and portraits).

Find a subject that is "representative" of the story.

Get the mood of the story.

Order of photos: start strong, end strong, develop a story line.
Key elements of a good photo
composition
(visual sense)
use of technology
(know the camera)
post-production
Composition - What does it mean?
The way of framing the image
- it determines what is perceived as the subject
Composing
1. Decide what to include on the photo.
2. Decide where and how to place the subject within the frame.

Elements of composition:
Point of view: wide angle or close-up; bird's eye view or worm's eye view.
Foreground, middleground, background.
Placing the subject: centered or "rule of thirds".
Symmetry
Angles
Leading lines
Light
Include people, catch emotions.
Point of view
Take wide, medium and tight shots. A series of photos
Portray the scope of the scene
wide
medium
close
photos taken from UNCHR Flickr sire
People and Emotions
Talk to the people, get to know them! Get engaged, go closer!

Photos with people are more interesting,
more

impressive.
photo taken from UNCHR Flickr sire
People and Emotions
photo taken from UNCHR Flickr sire
How to avoid showing people's faces.
take photos of other parts of the body
place people behind
transparent materials (use shadows)
cover faces with different subject
use backlight

(photo: UNHCR RRCE)
©Magnum photos, Moises Saman
©Magnum photos, Jerome Sessini
Foreground and Background
Centered composition vs. "rule of thirds"
Putting the subject into the foreground makes it more important (except when the foreground is blurred!).

Playing with the depth of field can highlight subjects in the background or in the foreground.
photos taken from UNCHR Flickr sire
People and Emotions
You don't have to always include the entire body.
photos taken from UNCHR Flickr sire
photos taken from UNCHR Flickr sire
Placing the subject to the left/right, bottom/top third can make the photo more interesting.

Emphasize the importance of the subject.

Center composed images can be very impressive, mainly when it is a portrait.

Imagine a grid wile composing.
Symmetry
Repeating elements can increase their importance.

Same element on the sides can give a nice frame.
photo taken from UNCHR Flickr sire
Lines
Gives the impression of movement.

Lines moving toward or away from the subject can lead the eyes of the viewer.
Angles
High or low angle view can raise more interests.

Low-angle view makes the impression that the subject is powerful.

High-angle view makes the impression that the subject is smaller, less powerful, harmless (children).

When photographing children lower your camera to their eye level.
photo taken from UNCHR Flickr sire
Basics:

1. Don't cut in the joints.

2. Mind the background (pole "growing out" of the head).

3. Remember to focus on the eyes.
Review - Basic Definitions
Exposure
aperture
shutter speed
ISO speed

Exposure modes

White balance

Depth of field

Focal length

Exposure
Determines the lightness or darkness of the photo
underexposure - too dark
overexposure - too light

Combination of
shutter speed
and
aperture setting
(f-number)



Determined by ISO speed
Sensitivity of the camera's sensor
ISO 100 (less sensitive) to ISO 3200 (most sensitive)
Low ISO - lots of light, longer exposure, or larger aperture
Higher ISO - less light, shorter exposure, smaller aperture
Aperture
Shutter speed
Shutter speed
Aperture
(www.cambridgeincolour.com)
Exposure
In low light:
Set higher ISO (ISO 800 or more)
Set larger aperture (the largest possible/small number)
NOTE: High ISO speed will increase image noise
Exposure modes
(www.cambridgeincolour.com)
White balance
Depth of field
Focal length
"distance from the lens to the film", when focused on a subject at infinity

determines:
- angle of view
- how much the subject will be magnified

wide angle lens: short focal length
tele/long-focus length: longer focal length
Focal length
Photojournalism Short Story Project
Make a short photo story of 5 photos.

The photos should include:
The larger scenes and close-up photos
At least 2 photos should include people
1 close portrait
Play with background/foreground
Use depth of field meaningfully
Catch emotions

Select 1 photo that best represents the subject.

Turn photos in to the blog and the server, along with peer review, self-reflection, and a thorough written essay about your subject (at least 300 words).
Laura Hervai 2014
Retouching the photos
Just a little correction can result in much better photos.
1. Crop
2. Lightness
2. Contrast
3. Colour/Tone
5. Sharpness


Lightness and contrast
Image > Adjustment > Levels Ctrl + L
Image > Adjustment > Curves Ctrl + M
Sharpening the image
Filter > Sharpen > Unsharp mask
Digital Asset
Management

Extensis portfolio
Adobe Bridge
Extensis Portfolio
Digital asset management

organise - folder structure
search - advanced search based on metadata
share - all users have access, different user rights

UNHCR - RRCE

Sharing files between the different country offices
PI officers can search the database and download photos individually
Better organisation of existing photos
Back-up of the database
accessible 24 hours a day and from any location

"If your pictures aren't good enough, you aren't close enough."
- Robert Capa

"The pictures are there, and you just take them."

- Robert Capa


“The more pictures you see, the better you are as a photographer."
- Robert Mapplethorpe
Get to know more
National Geographic photo guide

www.cambridgeincolour.com

www.digitalcameraworld.com

Magnum Photos - www.magnumphotos.com
Thank you for your attention!
Color temperature
2. Individual photographs

Take a lot of photos - create the opportunity to choose later.

Consider the possible purposes of use (will you include text on the photo, will you need square shaped photos, etc.?).

Take photos of different subjects, even if you know that you will need one photo.

Keep in mind - one photo will represent the whole story.


Basic facts of photojournalism
Collaboration Time!
In your group, go to the following website, look through a bunch of pictures and select a story that interests you. Pick a picture or two.

Copy it and paste them into your Collaboration Google Doc and answer the questions below.

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/

There are two aspects or sides to the photo that we want to address:
The context and the technique.

Below the photos you need to talk about the following:

1. The context of the photo (What’s it showing visually? What’s the story? Why is this important? What made you choose it?)
2. The technique of the photographer (What did they have to do to get this photo? What challenges did they have to compensate for? What special camera function(s) or techniques did they use? Look at their composition, etc.)



For this project you will complete what’s called a “Photo Essay”. However, your photo essay must be about some social, political, environmental, or personal issue.

Examples could include: eating disorders, bullying, underage drinking, man’s effect on nature, prejudices, adoption, peer pressure, etc.

Just make sure to choose something a) you have strong feelings about, and b) you can feasibly take photos concerning.

Photo Essay
Need help with ideas?
Here are some links with lists of issues:

http://www.multcolib.org/homework/sochc.html

http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0516/2005018778.html

http://www.globalissues.org/ (world issues)

Photojournalism
Enduring Understanding
Effective communication impacts results.
Essential Question
How can you communicate your idea visually?
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