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Misplaced Modifiers

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by

Evan Emenegger

on 4 September 2014

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Transcript of Misplaced Modifiers

Misplaced & Dangling Modifiers
Misplaced Modifier
Is when a modifier is placed too far from the modified word and appears to modify the wrong word or words.
Hmmmm...
We sold lemonade to the thirsty customers in paper cups.
1. Find the modifier.
2. Make sure the modifier has
something to modify.
3. Make sure the modifier is as
close as possible to the word,
phrase, or clause it modifies.
Sentence: The farmer bought a bull at the auction with large horns.
Dangling Modifiers:
A dangling modifier seems to modify the wrong word or no word at all because the word it should modify has been omitted from the sentence
Which sentence is correct?
I saw a sculpture next to the man
with a mustache made of ice.
OR
I saw a sculpture made of ice next to
the man with a mustache.
Waitttt... what?
Were the customers in paper cups?
Revision: We sold lemonade in paper cups to the thirsty customers
Rule of thumb: To avoid misplaced
modifiers, place words as close as
possible to what they describe.
CHECKING FOR MISPLACED MODs
1. Find the modifier.
2. Make sure the modifier has
something to modify.
3. Make sure the modifier is as
close as possible to the word,
phrase, or clause it modifies.
1. What is the modifier?
with large horns
2. What is being modified?
the bull
3. Is it as close as possible?
NO!
Original:
The farmer bought a bull at
the auction with large horns.
Revision:
The farmer bought a bull with big horns at the auction
Ex. Measuring carefully, each ingredient was placed into the bowl.
But, WHO did the measuring?
In order to correct a dangling modifier you must add the words missing and make other need changes.
Dangling:
To exit the highway, the toll must be paid.
Who is exiting and must pay?
Correction:
To exit the highway, drivers must pay the toll
There are four types of dangling modifiers:
Dangling participle:
Dangling gerund:
Dangling infinitive:
Dangling elliptical clause:
Driving west, the scenery was beautiful.
Driving west, they saw beautiful scenery.
CORRECTION:
After watching the game, the snacks were put away.
CORRECTION
After watching the game, we put away the snacks
Coming up Next!
Dangling Infinitive:
To survive in this heat, you must water your plants daily.
To survive in this heat, new plants must be watered daily
CORRECTION
Dangling Elliptical Clause:
While watering, a hornet stung Janet.
CORRECTION
While watering, Janet was stung by a hornet.
Full transcript