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To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee
Transcript of To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee
Misc. Information on "To Kill A Mockingbird" (Pt. 1)
Author: Harper Lee
Author's Birth: April 28, 1926
Author's Birthplace: Monroeville, Alabama
Novel's Publication Date: July 11, 1960
Awards Won: Pulitzer Prize, Brotherhood Award of the National Conference of Christians and Jews, Paperback of the Year, Alabama Library Association Award
Novel's Setting: Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930s
Scottsboro Boys' Trials
The Scottsboro Boys' trial had a very similar resemblance to the trial of Tom Robinson in "To Kill a Mockingbird." Both trials involved poor, white women (or woman in TKAM) accusing black men (one man in TKAM) for molestation. Their (as in the women) proletariat status were a critical issue, and the perspective on Southern women and proletariats frustrated the matter. Lawyers, Atticus (TKAM) and Samuel Leibowitz (Scottsboro) defended the men/man. Unfortunately, both of the juries consisted of only white people. They were biased and ignored evidence, like a useless left arm or no injuries.
Daily Life in the 1930's
Great Depression and New Deal
Works Progress Administration (WPA). It employed millions of unemployed people by creating jobs by building construction, highways, reforestation, and slum clearance.
The Great Depression was from the years of 1929 and 1939.
To buy a sweater during the Great Depression would have cost you one dollar.
Segregation in the US
Ruby Bridges, a six year old African American born in Tylertown, Mississippi, became the first African American child to attend a white elementary school. She had to be escorted by her mother and US marshals for protection.
Misc. Information on "To Kill A Mockingbird" (Pt. 2)
3 Similiarities Between Author and Main Character:
Both grew up in in 1930s in a rural southern Alabama town
Both the author and the character had an attorney as a father that served in state legislature of Alabama
Both of them were avid readers as well.
Franklin D Roosevelt proposed the New Deal.
The New Deal was enacted to relieve the unemployed and those who were in danger of losing their farms and homes by focusing on economic recovery, job creation, investment in public works, and civic uplift.
There were two presidents during the time of the Great Depression. These presidents were Herbert Hoover and Frankiln D. Roosevelt.
To Kill A Mockingbird Movie
December 25, 1962
Best Actor in a Leading Role
Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
Best Art Direction-Set Decoration, Black-and-White
The Scottsboro trial occurred on April 6, 1931. Nine young black men, aged 13 to 21, were accused of molestation (rape) by two, young, proletariat women who worked in the mill. The incident for the trial took place in the Southern Railroad train in Point Rock, Alabama. Haywood Patterson, Charles Weems, Clarence Norris, Andy Wright, Ozzie Powell, Olen Montgomery, Eugene Williams, Willie Roberson, and Roy Wright were of the nine. Ruby Bates and Victoria Price, aged 17 and 21, accused them.
Jim Crow Laws: These were laws enacted in the United States between 1876 and 1965. This racial caste system operated primarily, but not exclusively in southern and border states.
A black male could not shake hands with a white male because it implied being socially equal.
A black male could not offer his hand or any other part of his body to a white woman, because he risked being accused of rape.
Blacks and whites were not supposed to eat together.
Blacks were not allowed to show public affection toward one another in public, especially kissing, because it offended whites.
If a black person rode in a car driven by a white person, the black person sat in the back seat, or the back of a truck.
On Dec 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks, an African-American, refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white passenger, as local law required. She was arrested. This sparked the black community in Montgomery to begin a bus boycott a couple of days later.
Jim Crow Laws
On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court declared school segregation unconstitutional in the law case Brown v. Board of Education.
By the 1930s the Depression was wreaking havoc on America and its inhabitants.
The Dust Bowl was ravaging the plains, thus making agriculture impossible: many of the farmers including their families packed their bags and moved to California
The the income of the average American family was reduced by 40%, from $2,300 to $1,500.
Many people distracted themselves from their problems by going to the cinema, which was relatively cheap, as well as listening to the radio
This gives birth to the genre of swing as well as band music
Movies such as the Wizard of Oz and Gone With the Wind became very popular
During this time a weird phenomenon occurred where criminals became famous, much like celebrities, such as Bonnie and Clyde
Despite the decline of groups like the Ku Klux Klan in America racism was still going strong.
They were the first to be fired from their jobs
They received less aid than whites even being refused service in soup kitchens.
This intensified economic plight sparked major political developments among African Americans.
The St. Louis Urban League launched a national “jobs for Negroes” movement by boycotting chain stores that had mostly black customers but hired only white employees.
Blacks faced unemployment of 50 percent or more, compared with about 30 percent for whites.
Black wages were at least 30 percent below those of white workers, who themselves were barely adequate.
Were harassed and lynched by the white public; were seen as trespassers in their cities