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Copy of COLUMNA CERVICAL

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by

elsa loaeza

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of Copy of COLUMNA CERVICAL

Foramen transverso
arteria vertebral

CUERPO: Ancho y alto, apofisis odontoidea.
APOFISIS ODONTOIDEA:Carilla articular anterior.(atlas)
carilla posterior: ligamento transverso.


OTRAS CARACTERISTICAS DELAS CERVICALES.
Pediculos cortos
laminas de forma cuadrilatera.

ARTICULACIONES Y LIGAMENTOS.
LIGAMENTO NUCAL
ARTICULACIONES SUPLEMENTARIAS UNCOVERTEBRALES.
DISCOS INTERVERTEBRALES
LIGAMENTO INTERESPINOSO
LIGAMENTO SUPRAESPINOSO.


ARTICULACIONES DE LA CABEZA Y LA COLUMNA
ATLANTO-OCCIPITAL
ATLANTO-AXOIDEA.
COLUMNA CERVICAL
ARCO ANTERIOR
TUBERCULO ANTERIOR
FOSA ODONTOIDEA
SURCO DE LA ARTERIA VERTEBRAL Y DEL PRIMER NERVIO CERVICAL.
TUBERCULOS POSTERIOR.
CARACTERISTICAS DE LAS COLUMNA CERVICAL
7 Vertebras cervicales
atipicas, atlas, axis, prominete.
agujeros transversos para la arteria vertebral
c-2 a c-6 apofisis espinosas bifidas.
cuerpo alargado transversalmente.
MASAS LATERALES.
Carillas articulares superiores.
carillas articulares inferiores

ATLAS C-1
APORIS TRANSVERAS
ARCO POSTERIOR
FORAMEN VERTEBRAL.

ANTERIOR: APOFISIS ODONTOIDEA.
POSTERIOR: TRANSICION ENTRE EL BULBO Y LA MEDULA.
AXIS C-2
ARTICULACION ATLANTO-OCCIPITAL.
Condilos del occipital/cavidades glenoides.
MEDIOS DE UNION
Cápsula
Membrana atlando occipital posterio

ARTICULACION ATLANTO-AXOIDEA.
LATERAL:Superficie articulares: Son de tipo plano
Capsula sinovial
Ligamento atlanto-axoideo lateral.
Membrana atlanto-axoidea, anterior y posterior.

ART.ATLANTO-AXOIDEA MEDIAL.
ANILLO ATLOIDEO FORMADO POR:

Fosa odontoidea
Ligemento transverso
Ligamento cruciforme del atlas

APOFISIS ODONTOIDEA
LIGAMENTO ENTRE OCCPITAL Y EL AXIS.
Membrana tectoria.
GRACIAS
Full transcript