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Mean Girls Prezi
Transcript of Mean Girls Prezi
Mean Girls Sociological Analysis
Unique Symbols or Language
Visions of Society
A person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity.
Beliefs and Values
belief: specific thought or ideas that people hold to be true
values: standard that people use to decide what is desirably good and serves as guidelines for living
Social Learning Theory
The theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished.
The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence
Identity & Social Identity
identity: Our sense of self; according to Erikson, the adolescent's task is to solidify a sense of self by testing and integrating various roles.
social identity: the "we" aspect of our self-concept; the part of our answer to "Who am I?" that comes from our group memberships.
Adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard.
Normative Social Influence
Influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval.
The loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity
How It Applies
An understood rule for accepted and expected behavior. Norms prescribe "proper" behavior.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
All our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question, "Who am I?".
Type A Personality
Type B Personality
A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports.
The largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.
Material: the physical things created by members of a society
ex: cars, clothes, technology, etc.
Non- Material: ideas created by members of a society
Increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli. A negative reinforcer is any stimulus that, when removed after a response, strengthens the response.
An innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need.
Learning by observing others.
Positive, constructive, helpful behavior
The effect of facial expressions on experienced emotions, as when a facial expression of anger or happiness intensifies feelings of anger or happiness
Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people.
Friedman and Rosenman's term for easy going, relaxed people.
one's feelings of high or low self-worth
This can be seen through Janis Ian's character because she is so driven to destroy Regina George's life. She grows impatient with Cady when she starts hanging out with the Plastics for real. Janis also expresses verbal aggression in various parts of the film.
Aaron Samuels embodies a type B personality through his levelheadedness. He is very relaxed most of the time and doesn't really yell much, even when someone has done him wrong. For example, when he discovers Regina was cheating on him, he did not get aggressive like a type A person might have.
Adolescence very simply relates to Mean Girls, because most of the main characters in the movie are going through adolescence. Their patterns of behavior are specific to their self-discovery that is entailled during the transition from childhood to adulthood.
This movie reinforces that girls learn from the action of other girls. Through dressing similarly, using the same catchphrases, and even going on the same diets. They choose to act this way because by being "beautiful and perfect", they are praised and thought of as being better than everyone else, and that, of course, is rewarding.
Girls at the school often observe the Plastics to be more like them. They observe what they wear and what they do in hopes that they will become just as popular and admired by everyone as the Plastics are.
"I saw Cady Heron wearing army pants and flip flops so I went out and bought army pants and flip flops."
As the group leader, Regina George sets the standards for how all the girls should act, dress, talk, and even eat.
Self-esteem is an issue for most high school students in this movie. Image is viewed as defining the charcters, and although Regina George appears to have a very high self-esteem, her self-worth is actually rather low. The "losers" of the school, Janis and Damien have lower self esteems because of how they are treated by their peers.
There are a variety of different temperaments in the movie, as there are in many high schools. When different temperaments interact, there is often tension. Regina and Janis have incredibly different temperaments; Janis is more emotionally intense, whereas Regina is incredibly shallow and lacks emotional intensity. Contrast in different temperaments are clearly portrayed through the different cliques in the movie.
High school is a time of exploration and this movie highlights the journey of our self discovery. Cady is not sure where she fits in, so she explores and joins different cliques of the school to see where she belongs. Through exploration Cady is able to find out who she individually is, and where she fits into the group (who her true friends are).
The plastics have all been conditioned to do what Regina says in order to gain the social acceptance of being in the clique. They have to wear whatever Regina tells them and they cannot do anything without her permission (like date ex's). Although these rules are unreasonable, the plastics follow Regina's rules anyway to avoid getting kicked out of the group. This is a primary reinforcement because the biological need of being accepted to the group overrides their hatred for Regina.
This can be seen through the girls' desire to be part of the Plastics, the most popular clique in the school. The desire to be Plastic is clearly connected to their desire for social approval.
Cady demonstrates negative reinforcement through her math class. She stops trying in her math class because she thinks that the smarter she is, the less Aaron, her crush, will want to talk to her. As a result, she pretends to be bad at math in order to get Aaron to help her. She also does this to convince Aaron to break up with Regina, a key part of Janis's plan to ruin her life because once Regina loses the most popular boy in school, she loses an aspect of her power. This is negative reinforcement because she avoids doing well in math in order to befriend Aaron Samuels.
Gretchen's character is materialistic
comes from a wealthy family
informs everyone of her socioeconomic stature
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with psychological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.
The plot of the movie covers all parts of the pyramid. The basic psychological needs are met through Regina's weight gain. When Cady gives her a energy bar that is supposedly designed for weight loss, Regina eats it nonstop in hopes that it will help her lose three pounds. In reality, Cady gave her a protein bar designed to make you gain weight. It covers the second pilar, safety, through the health class with the gym teacher who "attempts" to teach the students about abstinence. The needs of belongingness and love are met through the storyline with the Plastics. Since the Plastics are the most popular group in the school, everyone wants to be in it. It also meets the esteem needs through Janis's storyline. In an effort to get her revenge for her bullied days in 8th grade, Janis tries to ruin Regina's life, the plot of the film, and gain respect from the rest of the school. The need for self-actualization is also met at the end of the film when the Plastics break up and everyone figures out who they really are. The pilar of transcendence is also met when Cady wins Spring Fling Queen. She swallows her pride and gets up in front of her entire great to apologize for the Burn Book. She also takes the whole blame for it even though she was not the only person involved.
Prosocial behavior is exemplified through the scene in the gym. After the teachers break up the enormous fight in the halls, they bring the junior girls to the gym to apologize to everyone and work out everyone's issues in a healthy way. There is one girl who is extremely emotional about the entire thing. She tries to help because she just wants everyone to love each other and be happy. She demonstrates prosocial behavior by going to a school she doesn't attend and tries to make everyone less agitated with each other.
This is demonstrated after the massive fight broke out over the Burn Book. Everyone pretty much knows Cady is involved with the making of the book so when she enters the gym for the workshop, she is faced with over 100 death glares and angry expressions directed her way. This intensifies the guilt and anxiety she is already feeling about the situation.
This can be seen through Cady when she begins to spend time with the Plastics more. As she hangs out with them more and more, she starts to be like them and adopts their mannerisms. Because of this, she loses who she was when she first moved to North Shore and becomes "Plastic." She looses her sense of individuality by conforming to the group as she spends more time with them; so this is an example of deindividuation.
In order for Janis's plan to be successful, Cady had to play the part of being Plastic. By spending time with them, she was able to conform to the group and be like them by adjusting how she dresses and acts..
Every character in the movie embodies different traits. For example, Regina is manipulative and agressive.
This relates to Cady's struggle with trying to figure out where she belongs in high school. Being a new student, she doesn't know anyone and doesn't fit in yet so she has to figure out who she is in order to know what group to hang out with.
When the movie Cady resolves tension in her true friendships. She apologizes to everyone who was affected by the burn book and explains that everyone has there own unique and positive qualities. This shows that she uses her ego to delegate right from wrong.
The "Plastics"- Elites of North Shore High
Regina George- Leader
What's the difference?
Elite- a group people consider to be the best in a particular society because of their power, wealth or talent.
Outcasts- A person who is reject by society or a social group
Social Conflict Approach- a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
Gretchen is inferior to Regina- this generates change in Gretchen's behavior as the movie progresses
Gretchen is seen as superior by the rest of the school because of her association with The Plastics
Everyone is jealous of her
She is a good friend
Regina should not have ultimate authority
Uses this to gain power
Equality- When Gretchen thinks Regina is mad at her she reveals her true feeling about Regina's power
Gretchen secretly wants to be a leader instead of a follower
Loyalty- When Gretchen sees that Regina is bad mouthing other girls of the group, she immediately tells.
This ends up breaking up The Plastics and makes Cady the new Queen Bee
Emile Durkheim: Society and Function
Society has the power to shape our thoughts and actions
How we think is drawn from the society that nurtures us
Anomie- society provides little moral guidance to individuals
pattern in which celebrites are often destroyed by fame
Mechanical solidarity- people relate to one another through similarities
Gretchen is exposed to an anomie society.
She has no moral guidance from society
destroyed by fame
Society lacked support for her and The Plastics
Mechanical Solidarity- similarities
Gretchen's socialization is greatly influenced by North Shore High.
socializes with a limited group of people
Gretchen socialization with The Plastics caused her to become very dependent
looks for someone to lead her
EX: When Cady becomes the "New Queen Bee", Gretchen looks to her to make decisions
Has trouble standing up for herself
EX: During Jingle Bell Rock, Gretchen didn't argue with Regina about switching spots with Cady
Status set- refers to all the statuses a person holds at a given time
Female, teenager, pretty & wealthy= ascribed status
Popularity- achieved status
Gretchen presents herself as nice, trustworthy and innocent.
Social Conflict Approach
People treat Damian different because of his sexual orientation
causes conflict because many people cannot relate to him
Expresses himself through music
He believes that Regina George is a terrible person
He values reality
While the rest of the school thinks of Regina as a goddess, he knows how truly mean she is
Emile Durkheim: Society and Function
The collective conscience of a given society is so strong that the community moves quickly to punish anyone who dares to challenge conventional ways of life
Damian challenged the conventional ways of life by his sexual orientation
He was punished by people making him an social outcast
North Shore High affects Damian's socialization by isolating him into a non popular group of "art freaks"
limited group of friends
His peer group mainly consist of Janis Ian
Status set: male, homosexual high school student, outcast
Being homosexual, high school male and an outcast are ascribed statuses
Master status: Homosexuality
Damian presents himself as expressive and content with his sexual orientation. He comes off as confident and easy to get along with.
The Plastics broke up
Gretchen joined the "cool asian" clique
Damian remained in the same social group.
Gretchen can be seen as deviant because she exposes others secrets
Damian was seen as deviant in the movie because of his sexuality