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Brief Introduction to Latin and Italian
Transcript of Brief Introduction to Latin and Italian
Who spoke Latin? Latin Julius Ceasar Jesus Christ Queen Elizabeth I When did people start to speak Latin? Ego romanus latine loquor.
[Bingo! I speak Latin.] Region: Latium
Languange: Latinum Where on Earth did the Romans live? Jesus Christ Introduction to
Italian Region: Latium
Language: Latina Italy Romans spoke Latin.
Romans became Christians.
Latin became the language of the Christians. Roman
Constantine In a battle, he had a vision. Fight with this sign and you will win. In about the 10th century,
Vulgar tongues began to
develop out of the Latin language. French English Spanish German Italian Latin Dante 14th century Now how does Latin work? Free word order ! Example:
Wolf chases lamb.
Lamb chases wolf.
The meaning is very different. If
Wolf* chases lamb&/
Lamb& chases wolf*/
Chases wolf* lamb&/
Lamb& wolf* chases
can mean exactly the same thing. Now in Latin
Agnus=lamb 1 Lupus petit agnum.
2 Petit agnum lupus.
3 Agnus lupum petit.
4 Agnum petit lupus. How to pronounce
Latin and Italian? Vowels Aa father Ee egg Ii
cool One of the above has a meaning different from the others. Which one? Consonants very much like English except
c, d, g, i, r, t, u(v). C Latin
Cool G Latin
Good 'I' consonant
sounds like English 'y'
Eg. Iesus R
Not like the
English 'r'. D
in Latin is dull, like Denmark, and not like Denise Let's try
dicam Let's try
before vowel = tsi
eg. Laurentius vs.Laurenti
after t/s/x = ti
eg. Christiani T
with all other
is hard and dull. V(U)
Don't press on
your lower lip
eg. verus, volo Diphthongs Diphthongs:
two vowels blended
together to make
one sound. True diphthongs
Both sound 'e'
like egg. All the others
eg. au, ei, io, etc.
are just two vowels
put together, but
they make two sounds. Let's try
evolutio Nexus Nexus
Two consonants blended together to give one sound
eg. tr, br, bl, dr Gn
sounds like putting
a 'n' before 'yell'.
Imagine how does
'nyell' sounds. Let's try:
benigne Sc (only before e/i)
sounds like "sh"
eg. scio, nescio. Let's try
discetis Accent Accent
usually falls on the
second last syllable.
Sometime on the
third last, but for this
you have to learn
the vocabulary. Say all the sounds, and don't eat anyone of them. The end Portuguese