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Brief Introduction to Latin and Italian

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by

Angela Lam

on 11 August 2014

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Transcript of Brief Introduction to Latin and Italian

Whose language?
Who spoke Latin? Latin Julius Ceasar Jesus Christ Queen Elizabeth I When did people start to speak Latin? Ego romanus latine loquor.
[Bingo! I speak Latin.] Region: Latium
Languange: Latinum Where on Earth did the Romans live? Jesus Christ Introduction to
Latin
and
Italian Region: Latium
Language: Latina Italy Romans spoke Latin.
Romans became Christians.
Therefore,
Latin became the language of the Christians. Roman
Emperor
Constantine In a battle, he had a vision. Fight with this sign and you will win. In about the 10th century,
Vulgar tongues began to
develop out of the Latin language. French English Spanish German Italian Latin Dante 14th century Now how does Latin work? Free word order ! Example:
Wolf chases lamb.
Lamb chases wolf.

The meaning is very different. If
Subject: *
Object: &
then
Wolf*
Lamb*
and
Wolf&
Lamb& Therefore,
Wolf* chases lamb&/
Lamb& chases wolf*/
Chases wolf* lamb&/
Lamb& wolf* chases
can mean exactly the same thing. Now in Latin
Subject: -us
Object: -um
Lupus=wolf
Agnus=lamb 1 Lupus petit agnum.
2 Petit agnum lupus.
3 Agnus lupum petit.
4 Agnum petit lupus. How to pronounce
Latin and Italian? Vowels Aa father Ee egg Ii
taxi Oo
or Uu
cool One of the above has a meaning different from the others. Which one? Consonants very much like English except
c, d, g, i, r, t, u(v). C Latin
Ce
Ci

Ca
Co
Cu English
Chelsea
Cheese

Car
Cold
Cool G Latin
Ge
Gi

Ga
Go
Gu English
Jerry
Jesus

Garden
Go
Good 'I' consonant
sounds like English 'y'
in year.
Eg. Iesus R
is trilled.
Not like the
English 'r'. D
in Latin is dull, like Denmark, and not like Denise Let's try
dico
dicis
dicunt
dices
dicam Let's try
lego
legis
leges
legunt
legamus
legimus
legent Ti
before vowel = tsi
eg. Laurentius vs.Laurenti

after t/s/x = ti
eg. Christiani T
with all other
vowels (a/e/o/u)
is hard and dull. V(U)
Don't press on
your lower lip
you pronounce
eg. verus, volo Diphthongs Diphthongs:
two vowels blended
together to make
one sound. True diphthongs
ae oe
Both sound 'e'
like egg. All the others
eg. au, ei, io, etc.
are just two vowels
put together, but
they make two sounds. Let's try
Aurelio
Coelum
Aeternum
Amoenitas
Deitas
evolutio Nexus Nexus
Two consonants blended together to give one sound
eg. tr, br, bl, dr Gn
sounds like putting
a 'n' before 'yell'.
Imagine how does
'nyell' sounds. Let's try:
agnus
regnum
benigne Sc (only before e/i)
sounds like "sh"
eg. scio, nescio. Let's try
disco
discis
discamus
discent
discunt
discetis Accent Accent
usually falls on the
second last syllable.
Sometime on the
third last, but for this
you have to learn
the vocabulary. Say all the sounds, and don't eat anyone of them. The end Portuguese
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