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TOK History

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by

Daniel Broadley

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of TOK History

History TOK Sources Why is history so important to society? How is History produced?
History is to society what memory is to the individual.

An individual without memory finds the world confusing; a society with no
sense of history is unaware where it has come from or where it is going.

Historians therefore have the job of providing members of society with:
A sense of identity
An understanding of the world as it is today
Lessons in right and wrong
▪ "History" is NOT "What happened in the past" or even "The surviving evidence of what happened in the past".

• It means "What historians choose to interpret from the surviving evidence of the past
• To reduce this to a formula, we might say:
Sources + Historians = Historie Quantity: How complete is the historical record?
• For Medieval historians, one problem is that there aren't enough sources.
• For Modern historians, one problem is that there are too many sources.
• For all historians, the main problem is that all surviving sources are, by definition, untypical.
• Every historical record is incomplete because important sources have been lost or destroyed Quality: How trustworthy is the historical record? Previous Lesson What is History?
- Evidence - traces of the past
- Significance
- Explaining the past Historians Sources are incomplete, untypical and unreliable, as we found out in our last session. Historians therefore need to:
-Select sources to use, based on what questions need answering;
-Interpret those sources and make deductions from them;
-Organise and present their main conclusions to the public. “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter” Why study history? Identity
Defence from Propaganda
To understand Human Nature self-realising expectations - cannot be changed! don't try! Primary Sources written by someone who was there at the time Falliable eye-witness Social Bias Deliberate manipulation p309 ? p308? p310? Writing History hindsight bias Present a disputed historical event Look at your own history. What would your parents, teachers, friends, or neighbours add?
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