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Salem Witch Trials Vs The Crucible
Transcript of Salem Witch Trials Vs The Crucible
Twists Works Cited -a scene of Hollywood "heroism" shown through John Proctor's character Fact OR Fake Hollywood Romance About The Crucible - By this time, the colony was waiting for a new governor and had no charter to enforce laws. More background information Introduction •The events of 1692 took place during a difficult and confusing period for Salem Village. As part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Salem was under British rule. -the play"The Crucible" was written by Arthur Miller in the time during the Red Scare hysteria. The Crucible was written as a response to McCarthyism and the HUAC -When the hysteria first began in Salem village, Proctor believed the young girls accusing many of the villagers of witchcraft were frauds and liars. He spoke openly against the accusations and scoffed at the idea of witchcraft. HaeRee Park
- A recent small pox outbreak, the revocation of the Massachusetts Bay Colony charter by Charles II and the constant fear of Indian attacks helped in creating anxiety among the early Puritans that God was punishing them
-People were anxious about properly maintaining their covenant with God; which caused more social tensions within homes, families, and their young children
-They also had a socioeconomic basis between the Salem Village(less fertile land and western side) and the Salem Town( booming trade and business), people in the Salem Village accused many of those who lived in the Salem Town. BACKGROUND INFORMATION -It is thought to be a clinical hysteria, an abnormal psychology on a community wide scale, which also played a key role in the flurry of accusations.
-The accusing "bewitched" girls age ranged from about 8 -18. -"The afflicted" was not just a group of a young girls, there were men and adult women who were also "afflicted," including John Indian (Tituba's husband), Ann Putnam, Sr., and Sarah Bibber. -As the number of allegations of witchcraft rose, Governor Phips saw the need to create a new court just to handle the witchcraft cases -Five judges were appointed which included the magistrates included Cotton Mather, John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin. -Set in Salem, Massachusetts in the 1690s. - Early in the year 1692, in the Salem village, already filled with superstition, confirms their beliefs as Rev. Parris discovered young girls dancing and acting wild in the middle of the woods; including his niece and his daughter with Tituba, their slave. The unfathomable sickness spurred fears of witchcraft, and it was not long before the girls, and then many other residents of Salem, began to accuse other villagers of consorting with devils and casting spells. Old grudges and jealousies spilled out into the open, fueling the atmosphere of hysteria. -In January of 1692, Reverend Parris' daughter Betty, and niece Abigail Williams started having "fits." They screamed, threw things, uttered peculiar sounds and contorted themselves into strange positions, and a local doctor blamed the supernatural. Another girl, Ann Putnam, experienced similar episodes. On February 29, under pressure from magistrates Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne, the girls blamed three women for afflicting them: Tituba, the Parris' Caribbean slave; Sarah Good, a homeless beggar; and Sarah Osborne, an elderly impoverished woman. 1:25 to 4:15 In this scene, it shows the girls trying to wake Betty up from her "coma", Abby explains that she had already talked to her father. And she suddenly wants to fly to her "dead" mother.
But, in real life, Betty was never in any kind of deep sleep; only violent, physical fits.
both Betty and Abigail threw violent fits, not only Betty.
Also, Betty's mother was alive during this time and died 4 years after the trials.
What was the Salem Witch Trials? They were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts. Took place between February 1692 and May 1693 THE AFTERMATH -By the end of the scare in May 1693 about 150 people had been accused and imprisoned. 20 executed; 19 hanged and 1 crushed under the weight of heavy stones.
-The Superior Court of Judicature replaced the "witchcraft" court. This court ended the use of spectral evidence; released people awaiting trial and excused those waiting to be executed. in effect, ended the Salem Witch Trials.
-There were many theories of why the girls acted the way they did. Though no one knows the exact reason why the girls acted the way they did, a scientific theory states that the girls behavior was caused by ergot poising. -when the local doctor came to the Parris' household, he couldn't figure out what was wrong with these girls, he concluded that the girls were under a witch's spell. -John Proctor was 60 years old during the witch trials.
-Abigail was 11 years old.
-Abigail never worked for John Proctor
-Abigail and John lived far from each other. Tituba's Confession Differences: -Tituba was an Indian slave in the West Indies to be a maid and a nanny. Similarities: -She was married to John Indian (not referenced in the movie or the book) -it was believed that she was raised in a culture of voodoo and black magic. -she was tortured for a long time before she confessed. - she was one of the first victims of being accused for witchcraft along with Sarah Good and Goody Osborne Differences: -Abigail accused John Proctor first, Mary Warren along with Mary Walcott also accused Proctor.
-He did not confess to adultery
-At the examinations and trials, the girls described the attacks by their "specters" and fell into their perfected pattern of contortions when in the presence of one of the suspects.
-Abigail and Mary Walcott stated that Proctor's spirit tormented them and pinched them -Men were also accused. John Proctor was a tavern owner and one of the males to be named a witch during the Salem Witch Trials John Proctor's Confession John Proctor's Letter “The innocency of our Case with the Enmity of our Accusers and our Judges, and Jury, whom nothing but our Innocent Blood will serve their turn, having Condemned us already before our Tryals, being so much incensed and engaged against us by the Devil, makes us bold to Beg and Implore your Favourable Assistance of this our Humble Petition to his Excellency, That if it be possible our Innocent Blood may be spared, which undoubtedly otherwise will be shed, if the Lord doth not mercifully step in….If it cannot be granted that we can have our Trials at Boston, we humbly beg that you would endeavour to have these Magistrates changed, and others in their rooms, begging also and beseeching you would be pleased to be here, if not all, some of you at our Trials, hoping thereby you may be the means of saving the sheeding our Innocent Bloods, desiring your Prayers to the Lord in our behalf, we rest your Poor Afflicted Servants, JOHN PROCTER , etc.” -John Proctor continued to challenge the veracity of spectral evidence and the validity of the Court of Oyer and Terminer which led to a petition signed by 32 neighbors in his favor. The signatories stated that Proctor had lived a "Christian life in his family and was ever ready to help such as they stood in need." -John Proctor (August 19), Rebecca Nurse(July 19), and Martha Corey(Sept. 22) were not hanged on the same day. -Spectral evidence was the main why people were accused of witchery.
-Spectral evidence was a form of evidence based upon dreams and visions.
-it is believed that the devil and witches could send their spirits onto their victims.
-wild stories were accepted as legal evidence
-Tituba was forced by her neighbors to bake a "witch cake" more FICTION VS FACT FICTION FACT -Ruth (real name Anne) Putnam was the first girl
to be afflicted. -Betty Parris and Abigail Williams were the first to become afflicted. "The Salem Witch Trials vs. The Crucible." - Docslide. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 June 2013.
Scotti, Anthony J., Jr. "Salem Witch Trials." Conflicts in America History. Vol. 1. New York: Bruccoli Clark Layman, 2010. 129-31. Print
"The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692." The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 June 2013.
"Salem Witch Trials." FAQs. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 June 2013. -Betty was present during the trials -After the trials began Betty was sent away -Giles Corey was executed for refusing to reveal
the name of the witness -Giles Corey was accused of witchcraft and didn't
enter a plea. He was pressed in stones in attempt to
force him to plea either way, but he refused. Betty's flying scene Abigail and John Abigail in Court - Abigail ran off with 31 pounds in cash in Samuel Parris' house -Although Parris' annual salary was contracted at 66 pounds, only a third of which was paid in money. The rest was to be paid in foodstuffs and other supplies -Reverend Hale signed off 17 death warrants. -Didn't even sign one warrant, it was not for the clergy to do. The 2 existing death warrants were both signed off by William Stoughton. -Reverend Parris claims to Giles Corey that he was a graduate of Harvard. -Actually, he only attended Harvard for a while and the dropped out. There was another theory to explain the girls symptoms during the Salem Witch Trials; Cotton Mather had recently published a popular book, "Memorable Providences," describing the suspected witchcraft of an Irish washerwoman in Boston, and Betty's behavior in some ways mirrored that of the afflicted person described in Mather's widely read and discussed book. -"I desire to be humbled before God for that sad and humbling providence that befell my father's family in the year about ninety-two; that I, then being in my childhood, should, by such a providence of God, be made an instrument for the accusing of serveral people for grievous crimes, whereby their lives was taken away from them, whom, now I have just grounds and good reason to believe they were innocent persons; and that it was a great delusion of Satan that deceived me in that sad time, whereby I justly fear I have been instrumental, with others, though ignorantly and unwittingly, to bring upon myself and this land the guilt of innocent blood; though, what was said or done by me against any person, I can truly and uprightly say, before God and man, I did it not out of any anger, malice, or ill will to any person, for I had no such thing against one of them; but what I did was ignorantly, being deluded by Satan.
And particularly, as I was a chief instrument of accusing Goodwife Nurse and her two sisters, I desire to lie in the dust, and to be humble for it, in that I was a cause, with others, of so sad a calamity to them and their families; for which cause I desire to lie in the dust, and earnestly beg forgiveness of God, and from all those unto whom I have given just cause of sorrow and offense, whose relations were taken away or accused.
"-Ann Putnam Jr. August, 1706 Ann Putnam's Apology What led to the end of the Trials?
Phips' own wife, Lady Mary Phips, was named as a witch. Soon thereafter, in October of 1692, Phips ordered spectral evidence and testimony would no longer suffice to convict suspects in future trials. Three weeks later Phips prohibited further arrests of witches, released 49 of the 52 of the accused witches still in prison and dismissed the Court of Oyer and Terminer. In May of 1693, Phips pardoned the remaining suspected witches still in prison. many people in the town of Salem started feeling that the trials were getting way out of hand and killing many innocent lives.