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Transcript of Romanticism
urban society--> rural and natural
public, impersonal poetry--> subjective poetry
scientific and mundane--> mysterious and infinite Factors defining the movement Background Imagination and truths of the heart Poetry Novel- Forms of Literature William Wordsworth ROMANTICISM Literature --> Inspiration- French Revolution
Climate: imaginative- "the spirit of the age"
5 major poets- Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Percy Shelley, and Keats- formed concept of Romanticism
Some of the best known poets were women
Poems, prose essay, drama, novel
Literary critic Characteristics of Literature Nature and the mind
Emotions, feelings, instinct
melancholy, sadness Characteristics of the language highly lyrical--> simple and easy to understand
natural cadences and verbiage literature- high class--> everyone 1
2 "An Essay on Man" by Alexander Pope "Know then thyself, presume not God to scan;
The proper study of mankind is Man." "Tintern Abbey" by William Wordsworth "Five years have past; five summers, with the length
Of five long winters! and again I hear
These waters, rolling from their mountain springs
With a soft inland murmur." Poetry defined by William Wordsworth and Samuel Coleridge and the "Preface " Composed by a "special person"
Nature and poet in communion- "nature poets"
Development of lyric poetry: feelings What is a poet?
"He is a man speaking to men." -William Wordsworth Expression and Emphasis "truth...carried alive into
the heart by passion" -William Wordsworth "What the imagination seizes
as beauty must be truth whether
it existed before or not" - John Keats Music, when soft voices die,
Vibrates in the memory—
Odours, when sweet violets sicken,
Live within the sense they quicken.
Rose leaves, when the rose is dead,
Are heaped for the belovèd's bed;
And so thy thoughts, when thou art gone,
Love itself shall slumber on. "Music When Soft Voices Die " by Percy Bysshe Shelley Gothic
premodern; prerational past
explore nature of power
fear and love
New flexibility of form-
complex and fast-moving plots
mixed genres Plays, Poetic Dramas, Journals and Letters
Lectures, Pamphlets, Essays, Journalism Jane Austen Sir Walter Scott Charlotte and Emily Brontë Charles Lamb William Hazlitt Samuel Taylor Coleridge Literary Critic Robert Burns William Blake George Gordon Byron John Keats Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
Anderson, Robert, John M. Brinnin, John Leggett, John Algeo, Donald Gray, Harley Henry, David A. Leeming, and C. F. Main. Elements of
Literature: Sixth Course, Literature of Britain. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1989. Print.
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