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Politics in the Gilded Age
Transcript of Politics in the Gilded Age
-Journalism that exaggerates and sensationalizes stories to sell more papers
-War between New York World and
New York Journal
-"The Yellow Kid" comic strips
-New printing technology= mass produce papers
-Organized political parties that dominated city governments
-Successful in getting members elected
-Powerful people who managed machines
Corruption and Money
-Getting money or political power through illegal or dishonest methods
-Use of politician's authority for personal gain
-Take advantage of massive amounts of public funds that provide city services
-Problem with political machines
-Payments of part of earnings from a job or contract
-Business leaders payed them when lobbying to provide public services to city
-Railway payed off Chicago aldermen
Political machines hired men to vote multiple times in many different districts.
The men used false names and voting numbers.
The men were supplied with alcohol and changes of clothes for their troubles.
Find A Grave - Millions of Cemetery Records and Online Memorials. N.d. Photograph. Find A Grave - Millions of Cemetery Records and Online Memorials. Web. 16 Sept. 2013.
Hansan, John E. "Pendergast Machine." Social Welfare History Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013.
"Tammany Hall (American Political History)." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013.
"Tammany Hall." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013.
Tammany Hall List. N.d. Photograph. Tammany Hall List. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
"Yellow Journalism." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013.
"1872 Horace Greeley Dated "Reform" Shield Ferrotype Campaign Brooch." Lot Detail -. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
"Abraham Lincoln and New York - Roscoe Conkling (1829-1888)." Abraham Lincoln and New York - Roscoe Conkling (1829-1888). N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
Kansas City Tweed Ride 2013. N.d. Photograph. Kansas City Tweed Ride 2013. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
"Interstate Commerce Act." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
When currency value is based entirely on gold
In 1873, Congress voted to stop coining silver and convert the money supply to a gold standard
Farmers became upset, because this movement caused the prices of crops to decline.
Led to a "bimetallism" movement that supported a system in which money is based off of gold and silver.
Cross of Gold Speech
georgies cited sources so far
Warmser, Richard. "Populist Party." PBS.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013.
"The Grange Movement, 1875." The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013.
William Jennings Bryan delivered the speech
Supported "Free Silver" to enhance the economy and allow it to grow.
Gold Standard restricted growth
"You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold"
Succeeded by the Populist party
Supported by many farmers and others who would benefit from "Free Silver"
Created to support antitrust legislation
Fielded presidential candidates during the elections of 1876, 1880, and 1884.
Election of 1872
Scandals against Grant increasing.
Grant's administration was corrupt.
Grant won by playing off of his war hero image.
His Liberal Republican opponent was Horace Greeley.
Liberal Republicans wanted to end reconstruction.
Greeley died twenty-four days after the election.
Representative William McKinley created and framed this act.
Raised import tariffs up to 50%
Protected domestic businesses by making foreign products more expensive
Helped boost the American economy
Support of "Bimetallism," or support of expanding the Gold Standard to include Silver as well.
Allowed for the growth of the American economy
Idea supported by William Jennings Bryan and the Populist Party
Supposedly helped out farmers but hurt laborers
Led by Roscoe Conkling, a New York senator.
Hayes wanted to remove his associates.
Stalwarts strongly opposed civil service reform.
Opposed Hayes's merit based hiring plan.
Election of 1896
William McKinley beat William Jennings Bryan for Presidency
Marc Hanna, a Cleveland industrialist, completed almost all of McKinley's campaigning
"City vs. Country,"
Bryan lost the votes of laborers and employers due to Free Silver"
Opposed Stalwarts in 1884 election.
Stalwarts supported James Blaine.
Mugwumps favored reform, so they supported Grover Cleveland.
Cleveland was the Democrat nominee.
Cleveland won the election with this support.
Pendelton Civil Service Act
Chester Arthur secured this bill in 1883.
Established competitive testing for government jobs.
All non-policy making positions are based on merit.
Only applied to ten percent of federal employees.
Men being put in jail cell for election fraud.
Greeley campaign pin.
-Democratic political machine that controlled NYC
-Charity and patronage to gain control
-Met new immigrants at Ellis Island
-Helped find housing, jobs, get naturalized
-No programs for poverty, poor housing conditions
Chester A. Arthur
Panic of 1893
One of the leading railroad companies failed.
Caused a financial panic that sent stock prices plummeting.
By the end of 1893 three million people were unemployed.
There was also an international financial panic at the time.
President Cleveland chose to focus only on the Silver Purchase act.
William Marcy Tweed
-1860's Reigned as Tammany Hall Boss
-Controlled contracts, gov't jobs
-Collected $200 million in graft
-Thomas Nast revealed corruption
-Convicted of fraud and extortion
-Jailed for life, died in prison
A train from the time period.
Works Cited Continued
"America From 1865." : Politics in the Gilded Age. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
Boyer, Paul S., and Paul S. Boyer. "Politics in the Gilded Age." Holt American Nation. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2003. 516-37. Print.
"Stalwart (American Political Faction)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
"Steam Locomotive No. 999 - C. 1893." Fine Art America. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
"22nd and 24th President of the United States- Grover Cleveland." 22nd and 24th President of the United States- Grover Cleveland. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
Media Studies 097. N.d. Photograph. Media Studies 097. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
"41e. The Election of 1896." The Election of 1896 [ushistory.org]. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
Wormser, Richard. "Populist Party." PBS.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
"The Grange Movement, 1875." The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
William Jennings Bryan
- Farmers began organizing pressing for political support and solutions
- Suffered from severe hardships
- Populist Party founded by William Jennings Bryan
- Oliver Hudson Kelley founded
the first major farmers' organization
- The Grange tackled economic and
- "I feed you all!"
- Grange members formed cooperatives to lower costs
- Sold to big city markets
- Bought in large quantities at wholesale prices
Interstate Commerce Act 1887
- Made railroads the first industry subject to federal regulation
- Interstate Commerce Commission created to monitor railroad activity
- Prevent monopoly, and outlaw discriminatory rate-setting
The Alliance Movement
- The Farmers' Alliance began in Texas in the 1870's
- Buy equipment and market farm products
- Offered low-cost insurance
- Alliance lead by Mary Elizabeth Lease
- Included three organizations
- Pushed for same legislative goals and helped each other in times of hardship