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Ship Radio LAw
Transcript of Ship Radio LAw
Article S18 of the international Radio
Regulations requires that:
No transmitting station may be established or operated by a private person or any enterprise without a license issued in an appropriate form and in conformity with the provisions of these Regulations by or on behalf of the government of the country to which the station in question is subject.
Article S47 of the international Radio
Regulations further states that:
The service of every ship radiotelephone station, ship earth station and ship station shall be controlled by an operator holding a certificate issued or recognized by the government to which the station is subject. Provided the station is so controlled, other persons besides the holder of the certificate may use the equipment.
Ship Portable Radio License
A Ship Portable Radio License covers the use of a portable, hand-held marine VHF or VHF/DSC radio with an integral power supply and antenna not covered by a Ship Radio License. It can also additionally cover the carrying of either a 406MHz or 121.5MHz personal locator beacon (PLB). This license is usually issued to someone who intends using a hand-held radio on more than one vessel. It is issued with a T reference as opposed to a vessel call sign and it is usual using the vessel name as an identifier because of this.
Maritime radio operator certification
As maritime radio exists primarily for the safety of life and vessels at sea, education and the correct training are vital to ensure that it is operated effectively. Operator qualifications have been agreed internationally in order to ensure that users possess the skills necessary to operate their equipment effectively and a knowledge of the procedures for general calling and especially the procedures used in distress or safety situations.
Maritime radio equipment available for use on board a vessel that is owned by a UK citizen or UK registered must be:
Covered by a valid ship radio license or transportable marine radio license issued in the United Kingdom by the Radiocommunications Agency;
• Operated by or under the direct personal supervision of a holder of a valid Maritime radio operator's certificate;
• Compliant with the requirements of either the Marine Equipment Directive (MED), the Radio & Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive or Nationally Type approved.
If you need to use your radio to communicate with another vessel, the Coastguard, a coast station, marina or port operator for whatever purpose part of the Agency's role is to ensure that you can do so without suffering/causing interference from/to other legitimate radio users.
Act No. 3396 (December 5, 1927),
Act No. 3396 (December 5, 1927), Ship Radio Station Law, provided for the first radio regulatory office, known as Radio Construction and Maintenance Section (under the Telegraph Division of the Bureau of Posts), to enforce radio laws and regulations, particularly the installation of radio obligatory for Philippine-registered ships to protect life and property at sea.
In order to plan and co-ordinate the use of the radio spectrum with neighboring countries, the Agency is a key participant in many international negotiations to protect and promote the best interests of the United Kingdom. Maritime frequency bands are internationally agreed and are set out in the Radio Regulations which are agreed at the World Radio Conferences of the Inter-national Telecommunication Union (ITU). The Radio Regulations have international treaty status and are binding on Member States, including the United Kingdom.
Control of interference and enforcement
The Agency has a network of regional offices across the United Kingdom where the staff offer customers advice about radio services and investigate complaints of interference. Where necessary the Agency will not hesitate to take enforcement action under the Wireless Telegraphy Act to prevent interference or abuse caused by those who operate without a license or who contravene the terms and conditions of their license. Agency staff-carry out routine spot checks to ensure that users of maritime radio hold valid WT Act licenses and operators certificates.
The call sign
A call sign is issued for your vessel as part of the licensing function. This call sign is a unique identification for your vessel (unlike its name). The call sign is recognized worldwide because the Agency registers it with the ITU along with the details you give about your vessel. Each month and each year when you re-license the vessel, the details are updated with the ITU.
Neal Vincent de Leon