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Elements of poetry

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by

Mai Khôi Hoàng Kim

on 9 September 2014

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Transcript of Elements of poetry

Whose woods these are I think I know.
His house is in the village, though;
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow.
...
(Stopping by Woods on a snowy evening -Robert Frost)
What is a poem?
The Meanings of words
The sounds of words
Hoàng Kim Mai Khôi
Elements of poetry
Alliteration
Assonance
Rhyme
Rhythm
Arranging the words
line
stanza

Repetition of the
initial consonant sounds
B
usy as a
b
ee

Once upon a midnight dreary while I pondered
w
eak and
w
eary...
(The raven - Edgar Allan Poe)
" Beside the lake, ben
ea
th the tr
ee
s,
Fluttering and dancing in the br
ee
ze…”
(Daffodils - W. Wordsworth)
Repetition of
vowel sounds
in nearby words
Consonance
Repetition of the
consonant sounds
at the
ending of words
Gloo
m
y wo
m
an
He gives his harness bells a sha
k
e
To ask if there is some mista
k
e.
(Stopping by woods on a snowy evening - Robert Frost)
Words that have
different

beginning sounds
but whose
ending sounds
are
alike
r
ight
and m
ight
"Twinkle, twinkle little st
ar
How I wonder what you
are

Basic rhythms
Pattern Name Example

- / Iamb/Iambic divide
/ - Trochee/Trochaic poem
- - / Anapest/Anapestic two households
/ - - Dactyle/Datylic murmering
/ / Spondee/Spondaic mean girl
Couplet
Tercet
Quatrain
Quinlet
Sestet
Septet
Oactave
....
Stanza form
Repeated patterns of sounds
Meter
Annotation

Connotation
Imaginary


Symbol
Metaphor


Simile
Irony
Tone
&
Mood
The means by which a poet reveals attitudes and feelings
MEANING
sound
right to the listener
have
meaning
be
arranged
in a relationship
probe the
depths of human thought, emotion and empathy
Rhyme scheme
Pattern established by the arrangement of rhymes in a stanza or poem
My cat is n
ice
. A
My cat likes m
ice
. A
My cat is f
at
. B
I like my c
at
. B


Roses are r
ed
A
Violets are bl
ue
B
Beautiful they all may b
e
C
But I love y
ou
B
The people along the s
and
All turn and look one way.
They turn their back on the land.
They look at the sea all day.

(Neither Out Far Nor In Deep- Robert Frost)
This took place in the depths of a forest, at night, in winter, far from human sight,..., no one but God saw that sad thing at the moment...
(The Miserables - Victor Hugo)
Full transcript