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# Elements of Art and Principles of Design Presentations

Space & Balance
by

## Jamie Hung

on 22 March 2011

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#### Transcript of Elements of Art and Principles of Design Presentations

Space an element of art a principle of design Balance Space in a work of art refers to a feeling of depth or three dimensions.

It also refers to the artist's use of the area within the picture plane. The area around the primary objects in an artwork is called negative space, and the space occupied by the primary objects is called positive space. Examples: A. SYMMETRICAL BALANCE---having equal "weight" on equal sides of a centrally placed fulcrum.

1. Radial Symmetry --arrangment of elements around a central point. Three-dimensional space
The perfect illusion of three-dimensional space in a two-dimensional work of art is something that many artists, such as Pieter Saenredam, labored to achieve. The illusion of space is achieved through perspective drawing techniques and shading. Information Source:
http://www.getty.edu/education/teachers/building_lessons/elements.html#space Pieter Jansz. Saenredam Balance is the concept of visual equilibrium, and relates to our physical sense of balance. It a combination of opposing forces that result in visual stability. Information Source:
http://char.txa.cornell.edu/ 2. Bilateral Symmetry--in which the elements are arranged equally on either side of a central axis. This axis may be horizontal or vertical.
3. Approximate Symmetry---in which equivalent but not identical forms are arranged around the fulcrum line. B. ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE---also called informal balance, is not exact but counterbalanced with contrasts such as dull and bright colors, dark with light values, geometric with organic shapes, active and inactive areas. It involves placement of objects in a way that will allow objects of varying visual weight to balance one another around a fulcrum point. & THE END!
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