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Kinship/Marriage SOAN101 F14

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by

Julie Jenkins

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of Kinship/Marriage SOAN101 F14

Social Communities: Kinship and Marriage
Number of partners
Monogamy
Polygamy
historically more societies allowed than denied
polygyny
Polyandry
---Uncommon
---But does occur occasionally around the Himalayas, Tibet Nepal, South India, Sri Lanka
Sororal Polygyny- Marrying sisters.
Not the same as “Sister Wives”
patriarchical?
Tibet & Nepal-
Fraternal Polyandry
Open Polyandry-- Sri Lanka
--begins monogamously
--second husband added
--based on economic need-- household produciton
but...second husband may bring in second wife, too....
Selecting a Spouse
Exogamy
Endogamy
Outside 'group'...
all societies are exogamous to some extent--
Incest Taboo
-create alliances
Inside 'group'
to maintain social boundaries
Negotiating Marriage
bride wealth
bride service
Dowry
What does this indicate about women's social position and value?
What does marriage among the Gebusi look like? What marriages are preferential?
How would you define marriage given all this variation? Is it possibly to define?
Classic Anthropological Definition:
“A culturally defined relationship between a man and a woman from different families, which regulates sexual intercourse, legitimizes, children and establishes sets of rights and obligations towards one another.”
Can we find a broad enough definition to cover all the variations without valuing some types of unions over others and defining others as exceptions?
If you define marriage as between a biological male and female then you omit many forms of recognized marriages in the world.
---Nigeria, Sudan- Female Husbands
Bilateral
-Trace kinship through mother and father
-Both sides considered equally important and of the same quality
How is bilateral kinship reflected in terms given to kin?
Unilineal
-Trace kinship through one side
- Member of that social kinship 'group'
patrilineal
matrilineal
How does unilineal descent affect classification?

Is 'love' important in the Gebusi context?
What is the logic behind arranged marriages?
How is kinship organized among the Gebusi?
Creation of lineages & clans
--through which property is distributed and inherited
culturally constructed
-variation in way people trace kinship & classify relatives
sister-exchange
How does the unreciprocated exchange relate to sorcery accusations?

Levirate marriages
Sororate marriages

How are these different than polyamory?
Full transcript