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Transcript of Formal Commands
Who/Whom do we address with these commands?
How are polite commands formed?
How can we use commands with object pronouns? Commands are used when ordering, or telling someone to do something. This is often referred to as the "imperative" form of the verb. By now, you are well acquainted with the fact that Spanish has both a formal and an informal style of speech (tú &Ud.). This distinction applies to commands as well.
Compre Ud. el anillo. Buy the ring. (formal)
Compra (tú) los dulces. Buy the candy. (familiar)
Informal, or familiar, speech is used among friends, coworkers, relatives, or when addressing a child. Formal speech is generally used to be polite or to express respect. For that reason, the formal commands are often referred to as polite commands. Essential Questions Why might we use formal commands? Who/Whom do we address with formal commands? Compre Ud. el anillo. Buy the ring.
Haga Ud. la tarea. Do the homework.
Compren Uds. los libros. Buy the books.
Hagan Uds. el trabajo. Do the work. 1. Conjugate the verb in the present tense yo form
2. Drop the 'o' ending
3. Add the following endings: **Remember - Since these are formal commands, you are only conjugating for Ud. & Uds.** -ar
-e or -en Some examples... Hable Ud. más lentamente.
Hablen Uds. más lentamente.
Speak more slowly.
Coma Ud. la cena.
Coman Uds. la cena.
Eat the dinner.
Escriba Ud. la carta.
Escriban Uds. la carta.
Write the letter. Practice... Watch the following videos & create a list of commands that you hear: Exceptions to the Rules If the first person singular (yo) form is irregular, that irregularity is carried over into the formation of the formal command.
Tengan Uds. un buen viaje.
Have a good trip.
Traiga Ud. el dinero.
Bring the money.
Venga Ud. conmigo.
Come with me. Contar Cuento
Cuente Ud. sus beneficios.
Count your blessings.
Vuelvan Uds. pronto.
Ask for money. Irregular Commands estar
estén Uds. ir
vayan Uds. ser
sean Uds. saber
den Uds. Negative Formal Commands No escriba Ud.
Don't write. Note that affirmative and negative commands use the same verb forms. Hable Ud.
Speak. No hable Ud.
Don't speak. Coma Ud.
Eat. No coma Ud.
Don't eat. Escriba Ud.
Write. No pare de creer
Don't stop believing! -er & -ir
-a or -an Spelling Changes If a verb ends in -gar, -car, -zar or -guar, it will receive a spelling change when conjugated as a formal command. -gar, -car, -zar & -guar...
...we're back! spelling change command
examples -gar -car c:qu g:gu -zar -guar z:c gu:gü llegar
llegue & lleguen tocar
toque & toquen abrazar
abrace & abracen averiguar
averigüe & averigüen Stem Changes **Some verbs will receive both a stem AND a spelling change.** jugar juego
juegue & jueguen
almuerce & almuercen
empiece & empiecen If a verb receives a stem change in the present tense, it will keep that stem change when conjugated as a formal command. How can we use Commands with Object Pronouns? With all affirmative commands, the object pronouns are attached directly to the end of the command. **Yes, it's conjugated!**
Compre Ud. el anillo. Cómprelo Ud.
Buy the ring. Buy it.
Traiga Ud. las cartas. Tráigalas Ud.
Bring the letters. Bring them. Cómprelo Ud. para mi. Cómpremelo Ud.
Buy it for me. Buy it for me.
Tráigalas Ud. a ella. Tráigaselas Ud.
Bring them. Bring them to her. If both direct and indirect object pronouns are attached, the indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun.
(Sound familiar?) In order to maintain the original stress of the verb, a written accent is needed. Command: compre (two syllables)
cómpremelos Command: haz (one syllable)
hazlo (one pronoun, no accent required)
házmelo (two pronouns, accent is required) If the command has only one syllable, a written accent is only necessary when two pronouns are added. With all negative commands, the object pronouns come before the conjugated command. No compre Ud. el anillo. No lo compre.
Don't buy the ring. Don't buy it.
No traiga Ud. las cartas. No las traiga.
Don't bring the letters. Don't bring them. If there are both direct and indirect object pronouns, the indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun.
No me lo compre. No se las traiga.
Don't buy it for me. Don't bring them to her. Find the Commands in the following video & then Create your OWN comedy sketch in Spanish! If the command has more than one syllable, a written accent is required when pronouns are added. Simply Put: two syllables + one pronoun = accent
two syllables + two pronouns = accent
one syllable + one pronoun = no accent
one syllable + two pronouns = accent