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Types of reactions
Transcript of Types of reactions
c. Thermal decomposition
To observe these chemical changes
Complete combustion needs a plentiful supply of air so that the elements in the fuel react fully with oxygen.
Fuels such as natural gas and petrol contain hydrocarbons. These are compounds of hydrogen and carbon only. When they burn completely:
the carbon oxidises to carbon dioxide
the hydrogen oxidises to water - remember that water, H2O, is an oxide of hydrogen
Incomplete combustion occurs when the supply of air or oxygen is poor. Water is still produced, but carbon monoxide and carbon are produced instead of carbon dioxide.
In general for incomplete combustion:
hydrocarbon + oxygen → carbon monoxide + carbon + water
The carbon is released as soot. Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas, which is one reason why complete combustion is preferred to incomplete combustion. Gas fires and boilers must be serviced regularly to ensure they do not produce carbon monoxide.
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Fuels are substances that react with oxygen to release useful energy. Most of the energy is released as heat, but light energy is also released.
About 21 per cent of the air is oxygen. When a fuel burns in plenty of air, it receives enough oxygen for complete combustion.
Types of reactions
Displacement reactions involve a metal and a compound of a different metal. In a displacement reaction:
a more reactive metal will displace a less reactive metal from its compounds
Displacement reactions are easily seen when a salt of the less reactive metal is in the solution.
A reaction where something is heated and is broken down into at least TWO OTHER substances is called Thermal decomposition.