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The Indian Act
Transcript of The Indian Act
Rights to own and buy land
Rights to buy and consume liquor
Right to vote
The Indian Act is also what launched the residential schooling movement in Canada.
Because of the Indian Act, Status Indians were surprisingly not allowed to vote in Canada until 1960.
The Indian Act is one of the most frequently amended pieces of legislation in Canadian history. Interesting Facts The Indian Act of 1876 was a set of laws and restrictions put forth by the Parliament of Canada.
This act affected all Indian persons living in Canada. An "Indian" was described as "any male person of Indian blood reputed to belong to a particular band, any child of such person, and any woman who is or was lawfully married to such person. Impact The Indian Act was based on the premise that it was the Crown's responsibility to care for the interests of First Nations. The Indian Act enforced several rules affecting First Nations people in Canada. The laws affected First Nations who were governed by it (Status Indians) and excluded from it (Non Status). Laws included:
The Federal Government gained control of reserve lands.
They also received money made from reserves.
The Act controls who does and does not have Status
The Act controls who can be a member of an Indian band and live on a reserve
The government managed the indian's land, resources and money
Bans were put ceremonies such as the potlatch and sun dance
The Federal Government passed an amendment forbidding fundraising by First Nations for the purpose of pursuing a land claim. In 1985, the Canadian Government passed Bill C-31 that proposed change to the original Indian Act of 1876. Changes included:
Re-defining the term "Status Indian" to include more people.
Eliminating discrimination towards women.
Although many changes and amendments have been made since the original Indian Act was introduced, several laws still exist today. However, the Indian Act only governs Status Indians as opposed to Non-Status Indians as well.