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Transcript of 3 approaches
2012-13 Approaches to the study of the language Chronological approach
Geopolitical approach Chronological approach: (+)
Diachronical study of the language.
Development of the language in phases. (-)
No synchronical perspective.
does not study contemporary reality.
no general agreement on phases and dates Gradol's:
Pre-old English (Germanic dialects)
Old English (6th c.- 12th c.) 1150
Middle English (12th c. -14th c.) 1450
Modern English (15th c. -17th c.) 1700
Contemporary English (18th c- 20th c.) 1945
World English (1945- ) Holt, Rinehart, Wilson:
Old English (500-1150)
Middle English (1150-1450)
Early Modern English (1450-1700)
Modern English/Contemporary English (1700- ) Genealogical approach (+)
diachronical and synchronical study of language.
historical development of a specific language family (diachronical).
comparison of two related languages on the same language stage (synchronical). (-)
Originally related to social Darwinism (discriminatory).
Does not study contemporary language diversification and fragmentation. Geopolitical approach (+)
It studies contemporary diversification and fragmentation.
Avant-garde theory. (-)
constantly adapting to new reality.
does not study historical language changes. Related concepts:
ENL/ESL/ELF... Thank you!