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Crime and Punishment in 1930s Alabama
Transcript of Crime and Punishment in 1930s Alabama
Even in prison, white and black men had to be held in separate rooms or cells.
In the 1930s imprisonment rates went up. The amount of incarcerated blacks was three times the amount of whites.
The rate of black people in prison went up, while the rate for whites went down.
Crime and Punishment in the 1930s
Jim Crow Laws
From 1880s to 1960s discrimination was enforced when "Jim Crow" Laws were set in place
White female nurses weren't allowed to nurse in a ward or room were a negro male was placed
Bus stations needed to have separate waiting spaces and ticket windows for white and black people
Buses and Trains needed to have different sections or cars for white and black people to keep them separated
white and coloured people couldn't be served in the same room at a restaurant they had to be separated by a repartition seven feet tall
A negro and a white person could not play pool or billiard together
Every employer of white or negro males shall provide for such white or negro males reasonably accessible and separate toilet facilities
The girls knew they would win
Gave up hope
Basically White against blacks
Racism and Slavery
1930 wasn't the only era for discrimination it was actually the beginning of social justice
slavery just ended
Jim Crow Laws were set in place, Coloured people were discriminated everywhere
"Jim Crow Laws." Martin Luther King Jr National Historic Site. U.S. National Parks Service, 9 Jan. 2014. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.nps.gov/malu/forteachers/jim_crow_laws.htm>
"Modern Criminal Justice - Criminal Justice Prior To The 1930s, Modernizing Criminal Justice, Further Expansion Of Federal Criminal Justice." JRank Articles. N.p., 4 Aug. 2004. Web. 17 Jan. 2014. <http://law.jrank.org/pages/11913/Modern-Criminal-Justice.html>.
Reinhardt, Claudia, and Bill Ganzel. "Crime in Rural America during the Depression." Living History Farm. N.p., 2004. Web. 17 Jan. 2014. <http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/life_26.html>
"Miller's To Kill a Mockingbird." Jim Crow Laws. N.p., 28 Nov. 2012. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://millermockingbird.wikispaces.com>
"Prisons: History - Modern Prisons." JRank Articles. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://law.jrank.org/pages/1782/Prisons-History-Modern-prisons.html>.
Cunha, Darlena . "Child Discipline in the 1930s." Preschooler. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://preschooler.thebump.com/child-discipline-1930s-8250.html>.
Shaw, Ruth. "Ruthlace." Going To School in the 1930's. N.p., 16 Sept. 2012. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://ruthlace.blogspot.ca/2007/02/going-to-school-in-1930s.html>.
One of the most common crimes was rape
money was low (great depression)
Stealing to survive
Illegal hunting and farming
bootleggers (illegal alcohol)
arson (deliberate fire)
The Scottsboro boys
To kill a mockingbird
Today, we're going to talk about...
Who was Jim Crow?
A white man by the name of Thomas Dartmouth created a skit about an encounter with a black man. He even coloured his skin with black cork and exaggerated the stereotypical negro. His show became a success and Jim Crow was associated with black people.
Education-good but too much, the teacher got mad
In the teacher's eyes (crime)
Crime and punishment
for the children
If a person was found guilty of promoting equality, no matter what form (written or spoken) they would get a fine up to $500 and/or imprisonment for up to 6 months.
School's had stricter rules back then and any time a kid stepped out of line he would be in trouble
Any time a child would get into trouble 2 things could happen to them
the teacher would smack the child's hand with a ruler
for more major issues the teacher would whip the child's bottom
punishments for girls were slightly less gruesome
The punishment would usually continue at home as well. The parent's would say:
If the child got a whipping at school he would get another one at home
leading to the discrimination
Jim Crow Laws
crime and punishments in the 1930s
"crimes" and punishments (for children)
how it relates to the book
In the 1930s two parenting experts tried to introduce positive discipline in the united states
the new technique was to be kind and firm and showed more respect to the children
this practice was introduced in the 30s but started to be used only in the 80s
(the book- Arthur and how the people didn't have the heart to put him in prison with the blacks)
Scout- trouble with teacher
Book-getting yelled at
we are lucky now
racism lead to unfair trail