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Copy of Ancient China Dynasty Timeline
Transcript of Copy of Ancient China Dynasty Timeline
1600-1100 B.C. (1766 B.C.)
Tang the Great founded the dynasty
Orcale bones:(animal bones or shells used by the Shang kings to communicate with the gods.) are discovered and used as a writing system
Records of major events were kept
1027 to about 221 B.C
Confucianism (belief system based on the teachings of Confucius) was born
Ox-drawn ploughs, iron, horseback riding, coinage, chopsticks, and the crossbow were introduced
Roads, canals, and major irrigation projects were developed
Mandate of Heaven: ancient Chinese belief that a good ruler has the gods' approval
Dynastic Cycle: pattern of rise and fall of dynasties
Unified China under its first emperor, Shi Huangdi
They were militarily superior and used cavalry (warriors fought on horseback) for the first time in China.
Legalist Government: belief that a powerful government is in charge of social order
Standardized weights, measurements, coinage -- the bronze
The Great Wall was built to keep invaders out and to keep the Chinese people in
Terra cotta (Baked clay) soldiers protect the dead emperor
206 B.C. - 24 A.D.
Founded by Liu Bang (Emperor Gao)
Established Silk Road: overland trade routes along which silk and other Chinese goods passed through Mesopotamia and Europe
A.D. 581 to 618
Emperor Yang Jian founded the Sui dyanasty and unified China
Supported Buddhism: religion that began in India and is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama
Built the Grand Canal:inland waterway 1000 miles long in eastern China. It links the Yangtze and the Yellow River
They also rebuilt the Great Wall
Simplified taxation, conducted a census, and modified coinage
Golden age: period during which a society attains prosperity and cultural achievements
Founder-Li Yuan (Gaozu)
created an efficient bureaucracy (system of departments and agencies that carry out the work of a government)
Distributed land to maximize the number of tax-paying males
Bamboo was produced
Genghis Khan: Powerful Mongol leader, united China by conquering many tribes
Kublai Khan:grandson of Genhis Khan, gained control over China
Marco Polo: Italian traveler in China
Movable type: metal or wood, with a single character, used for printing texts
Woodblock Printing: Wood blocks, used to print entire pages
Terraces: vertical or sloping sides, flat top
Porcelin: hard white ceramic material
Built in 1406-1420 A.D.
Group of walled palaces built for the chinese emperor in the capital- Bejing.
belief of natural order in the world
Invented in 105 A.D.
Invented by: Cai Lun, in China
One of four great inventions made by China
Cai Lun greatly improved the papermaking technique
made it possible to use a variety of materials, such as tree bark, hemp, rags
Invented in the Song dynasty
They were invented by accident when a guy ran out of wood and lit bamboo on fire...it exploded.
Firecrackers: bamboo filled with gunpowder