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Scott Joplin and Duke Ellington
Transcript of Scott Joplin and Duke Ellington
King of Ragtime
Wanted to be known as a classical composer
Maple Leaf Rag
Duke Ellington 1889-1974
Ragging: improvising a pop song using rhythmic variation
Cutting: competition between two ragtime pianists
"Rag": nickname for Ragtime
Roots of Jazz
West African: improv, percussion, call and response
American: band (esp. marching)
Rooted in improvisation, characterized by syncopated rhythm and steady beat
Developed out of Ragtime and Blues
Ragtime (1890s-1915): piano music with syncopated RH and steady LH
Blues: based off African American folk music
Work songs and spirituals
Developed by African American pianists who played in saloons and dancehalls
Considered a threat to the "moral, spiritual, mental, and even physical well-being" of the nation because of its roots (and racism!)
Syncopation: regularly spaced musical accents that occur "off the beat"
Widely viewed as greatest American jazz composer
Wrote film scores and theater works
Wrote concert pieces
Robert and Tommy Johnson