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Scott Joplin and Duke Ellington

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by

Alana Nelson

on 27 April 2015

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Transcript of Scott Joplin and Duke Ellington

Jazz
Scott Joplin
1868-1917
King of Ragtime
Wanted to be known as a classical composer
Maple Leaf Rag
and
The Entertainer
Duke Ellington 1889-1974
Ragtime phrases
Ragging: improvising a pop song using rhythmic variation
Cutting: competition between two ragtime pianists
"Rag": nickname for Ragtime
Roots of Jazz
West African: improv, percussion, call and response
American: band (esp. marching)
European: tonality/harmonies
Jazz
Rooted in improvisation, characterized by syncopated rhythm and steady beat
Conclusion
Many styles:
New Orleans
Swing
Bebop
Cool
Free
Jazz Rock
Prominent Figures:
Louis Armstrong
Benny Goodman
Dizzy Gillespie
Charlie Parker
Miles Davis
Duke Ellington
Ella Fitzgerald
Etta James
Bessie Smith
Developed out of Ragtime and Blues
Ragtime (1890s-1915): piano music with syncopated RH and steady LH

Blues: based off African American folk music
Bent pitches
12-bar blues
Work songs and spirituals
Developed by African American pianists who played in saloons and dancehalls
Considered a threat to the "moral, spiritual, mental, and even physical well-being" of the nation because of its roots (and racism!)
Syncopation: regularly spaced musical accents that occur "off the beat"
Widely viewed as greatest American jazz composer
Major bandleader
Wrote film scores and theater works
Wrote concert pieces
Robert and Tommy Johnson
Full transcript