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SURAH AL KAWTHER
Transcript of SURAH AL KAWTHER
Surah Al Kawther is the 108th surah of the Qur'an, and the shortest. The term "Kawthar" is a descriptive case derived from "kathrat" with the meaning of 'a lot of goodness, or blessing'; while gracious persons are also called 'Kauthar'.
Ayah No. 2
SURAH AL KAWTHER
Verily We have given to you the abundance
So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone].
Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off.
"It is a stream in Heaven, whiter than milk, more clear than a goblet (of crystal) with dome-shaped ornaments from pearls and rubies...”
Some have also said the purpose of using the word 'Kawthar' is for the Pool of Abundance (haud-i-kauthar) that belongs to the Prophet (S) wherefrom the believers quench their thirst when arriving in Paradise.
The implied meaning of the phrase "wanhar" is 'facing Qiblah (the direction of the Ka'ba) when saying a prayer', because the word "nahr" originally means 'throat' then, it has been used with the meaning of 'standing in front of anything'.
The purpose involved, here is the 'raising of the hands up to the throat and face'.
The term "sani'" is derived from "sana'an" with the meaning of 'enmity, spitefulness, and "sani" is the one who possesses these characteristics.
The term "abtar" originally means 'the animal whose tail is cut off' and the enemies of Islam taunted the holy Prophet (S) by saying this with the hope that after his departure from this world and having no son to inherit his position, the dissolution of Islam's sovereignty would happen. But, Qur'an, consoling the holy Prophet (S) tells him that it is not him who will be without offspring, but surely his enemy
Al-`Ᾱṣ bin Wā’il met the Prophet at the gate of Bani Sahm of the Sacred House of Makkah, and spoke to him while the Quraysh chiefs were assembling at the Ka`bah. Then when al-`Ᾱṣ went to meet them they asked him, “Who were you talking to?” He replied, “To that one, al-Abtar.”- It was then after the death of the Prophet’s son, `Abdullah, and before him his other son al-Qᾱsim.
This Surah was revealed to comfort the Prophet (peace be upon him) and assure him of the abundant good [al-Kawthar] that Allah had chosen for him, and the loss awaiting his opponents.